DOKK Library

Creative Commons

Authors Gwen Franck

License CC-BY-4.0

Creative Commons
                        VLIR, June 4, 2015
    Gwen Franck (Creative Commons, EIFL)

   "VLIR presentation" by Gwen Franck is licensed under a Creative Commons

         Attribution 4.0 International License, except otherwise noted.
"All rights reserved"
Existing copyright regulation is not always
adapted to the reality of research practice
                  in 2015
          multiple authors in different countries
          multiple jurisdictions
          data mining
          crowd sourced science
          various Open Access policies
          Wikipedia ...
          social media
          civil society
"Open Means Never Having to Say You're Sorry" by Alan Levine on Flickr CC BY-SA
"Some rights reserved"
    Creative Commons licenses are free, easy-to-use copyright
 licenses providing a simple, standardized way to give the public
permission to share and use your creative work — on conditions
 of your choice. CC licenses let you easily change your copyright
   terms from the default of “all rights reserved” to “some rights

              In a world with fair copyright laws,
                 Creative Commons would be
CC is ...                CC is not ...
  6 licenses + 2          an alternative for
  public domain           copyright
  tools                   a rightsholder
  a simplification of      organisation
  copyright rules         a search engine
  an organisation         a law firm
  based on volunteer      a bunch of crazy
  work by advocates       open access
  and 'open' activists    fundamentalists :)
  aiming to grow 'the
  a patch for broken
  in favour of
  copyright reform
4 building
You are free to:

    Share — copy and redistribute the material

    in any medium or format

    Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon

    the material

    for any purpose, even commercially

Under the following terms:

    Attribution — You must give appropriate

    credit, provide a link to the license, and

    indicate if changes were made

    You may do so in any reasonable manner,

    but not in any way that suggests the licensor

    endorses you or your use.

Same conditions as CC BY,
   ShareAlike — If you remix,
   transform, or build upon the
   material, you must distribute your
   contributions under the same
   license as the original.
  NC (Non
Same conditions as CC BY,
   NonCommercial — You may not
   use the material for commercial
(No Derivatives)
 Same conditions as CC BY,
    NoDerivatives — If you remix,
    transform, or build upon the
    material, you may not distribute the
    modified material.
Six Combinations
Two additional legal tools

         If a work is in the Public Domain:

If you want to dedicate your work to the Public Domain:
  Make sure the
 license you use
   allows for the
re-use you want!
"I am so confused" by Ian Sane on Flickr CC BY 2.0
License chooser

 Image by Aston University - licensed under a CC BY 4.0 license
How does it
Three layers:

 Legal Code
Legal Code
 juridical basis
 "version 4.0"
 created by CC Legal
 Team + input from
 available in your
 universally applicable

 summary or 'deed'
 this is what you link to
 available in your
make it easy for "the
Web" to know when a
work is available under
a Creative Commons
Adding a CC license to your
 Don't forget:
  CC licenses are operative only when
applied to material in which a copyright
   exists, and even then only when a
 particular use would otherwise not be
         permitted by copyright.
   Bear in mind when
  licensing your work:
Remember the license may not be revoked.
Make sure the material is appropriate for CC
Make sure the material is subject to copyright or
similar rights
Think about how you want the material to be used.
Specify additional permissions,
Specify attribution information
            Research does not happen
               in an ivory tower...

I didn't ask permission to use this image. But

 as it is clearly for educational purposes, I

hope USTWO is ok with it. If not, drop me a

           line and I'll remove it !

                             Screenshot from the game "Monument Valley" by USTWO. (c)USTWO, all rights reserved
Your fellow researchers are

  all around the world ...

                         All icons found on The Noun Project
And Civil Society has an

    interest as well!

                        All icons found on The Noun Project



             Europeana API terms of use
    If you make it clear from the start what

       can be done with your work    ...
                    commercial use

... others can access, share and build upon your work

    without fear of violating your author rights.
  A Creative Commons license (or public
domain tool) is universally recognisable,
 juridically sound, easily applicable and
  leaves the user in no doubt about the
        intentions of the author.
"Licenses remove uncertainty by spelling out what may or may not be
  done with the licensed work. Science is both interdisciplinary and
international, crossing disciplinary and jurisdictional boundaries, and
 since science builds upon existing work, it depends on being able to
                                   reuse content"

         Puneet Kishor, former Project Coordinator for Science and Data at CC, as quoted in

                                      an interview with PLoS
  Citing CC licensed
              a little common sense goes a long way!

                                  attribution (BY) is obligatory: name of
                                  the author and name of the work (if
                                  link to the original source
                                  mention if the work has been adapted
                                  state the license under which the
                                  material is available, and link to it
                                  when in doubt: contact the author

image found on
            And make it easy for
            others to cite you ...
                                       Incorrect citation

                Photinus pyralis, a species of firefly found in
                  the eastern United States (via wikimedia
De soek of overdekte markt in Sanaa / Foto: Rod Waddington/Flickr Creative


                            (bron: De Morgen)
 It's simply sound
scientific practice!


  (btw, it's rather difficult to find the original creator of this meme. If it's you,

            please contact me so that I can correctly attribute you)
Some good examples

  "Self portrait" [fragment] by Vincent Van Gogh, via Rijksmuseum (public domain)

   (technically, you don't have to attribute when a work is in the public domain)
                                    Cooper-Hewitt's Collection
                                Database, licensed under CC0 on

                              "In order to reduce any uncertainty about the

                                'legitimate uses' of this dataset, Cooper-

                                 Hewitt has licensed this release under a

                               Creative Commons Zero (CC0) license. This

                               license is the most permissive available and

                                      allows for all types of reuse"

You can use and reuse all elements in this
dataset without worrying about attribution
 or other restrictions, as it is in the Public
Sharez ur workz pwease?
            This is an adaptation by Gwen Franck of

  "Kitten playing with String" by Bilal Khan on Flickr (CC BY-SA)

     This adaptation is available under a CC BY-SA license
Finding CC licensed
                    Further reading:

Creative Commons Belgium
This presentation is aimed to educate audiences about correct attribution. Any wrongful attribution is

therefore intentional - and where possible the correct attribution is either given or linked to.

        "VLIR presentation" by Gwen Franck is licensed under a Creative Commons

                Attribution 4.0 International License, except otherwise noted.