Share, Reuse, Remix — Legally. N E W S L E T T E R http://creativecommons.org Issue No. 10 December 2008 A lex R ob er t s. “M elis sa Reeder.” CC-BY 3.0 Dear Creative Commoner, This month’s newsletter focuses on ccLearn, CC’s “newest” project (even though it’s almost 2 years old) dedicated to championing the CC infrastructure within education, followed by brief updates from the people on the front lines of Science Commons, Creative Commons International (CCi), Culture Commons, and CC Core. Education as we know it is CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 evolving, and as it changes we need to make sure that it remains open and free and interoperable. ccLearn was made possible thanks to the generosity of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, one of the leaders in open educational resources (OER). I don’t want to say too much though; I don’t want to spoil what is explained so eloquently below. Over the past 8 months I’ve brought you information about CCi, Science Commons, Culture Commons, CC Core (Development), and now ccLearn. All of these projects have one thing in common—the CC “Core” infrastructure (legal, technology, and operations). As you probably know, we’re in the middle of our annual fundraiser. We need to raise $500,000 by December 31st and we have $260,000 left to go. If you’ve already given to the campaign—THANK YOU. Your support is more appreciated than you know. But you can still help. Tell your friends and family about 2 CC and encourage them to give. Blog about the campaign and encourage your readers to participate. Spread the word about CC and our need for support as far and wide as humanly possible. By supporting CC you will be sustaining this vital infrastructure. As you read, you will notice the difference between this newsletter and past editions. We’re experimenting with a new format, which I think is more informative and effective, and would like to hear what you think. We here at CC are open to community feedback and suggestions. We’re writing this so you have an easy alternative way to stay informed; please let us know what you think by emailing email@example.com. Melissa Reeder Development Manager This newsletter is licensed under http://creativecom- mons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ — please share and remix! Feature ccLearn Ahrash Bissel, Executive Director, ccLearn What does the future of education look like? built on a pool of open educational resources (OER) which are available for anyone to use and adapt as • Compelling lessons on the history of human they see fit. migration available, for free, in eighty different languages. But the stories described above do not yet happen so easily... Even if appropriate hardware and Internet • Free multimedia presentations on the chemistry of access are available, we already know that just volcanoes enthralling children all over the United because something can be shared online does not States, whether or not they are actually in school. make it legal to do so. Many people have suffered the consequences of this mismatch when they have tried • Health care instructors in Africa, Europe, and to share music online, for example. In education, the elsewhere collaborating virtually to adapt medical challenge is to build a truly global learning commons, school curricula to the specific needs of their which requires a great degree of standardization or students, improving both the quality and relevance harmonization at the legal, technical, and social of instruction in their own countries. levels. In addition, there are many concerns specific 3 to education, such as adherence to state-level What makes these visions of the future possible? standards, attention to quality-control mechanisms, Open licensing. and facilitation of local creation and adaptation of OER. We already know that Creative Commons makes it CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 possible for people to share their works with the world These varied and complex concerns are the context under generous terms – to allow copies, translations, in which ccLearn, the education division of Creative remixes, and other adaptations to be made and Commons, was founded just over one year ago. distributed freely. For authors, photographers, ccLearn is dedicated to supporting the growth and musicians, artists, and other creators, Creative impact of open learning and open educational Commons licenses have transformed the working resources. Our mission is to minimize barriers to landscape and galvanized creative communities the creation, sharing, and reuse of educational worldwide. materials—legal barriers, technical barriers, and social barriers. But what about communities where sharing is already standard practice? What about in education, where How we are overcoming these barriers— the materials and insights produced by teachers and curriculum developers are usually intended to License Mapping Report be adapted as needed to foster the best learning Legal barriers include the use of restrictive experiences possible? Here, it would seem that the or incompatible licenses, which hinder the rights granted by Creative Commons – rights to share, ability to access, modify, and share content adapt, and improve educational resources – are well- in educational settings. We are analyzing the matched by community practices that have existed for licensing “landscape” for open education, to a long time. And indeed, this is so – most educators be released as a report to the global open around the world agree that their primary intent in education community. The goal is to provide creating teaching and learning resources is for them objective data about the extent to which to have a positive impact on student learning, and license proliferation is actually a problem, they therefore tend to share those resources freely and also insights into the extent to which the with their colleagues. This culture of sharing that learning commons we are trying to build is already pervades the educational domain has given fractured by incompatible licensing policies. rise to a movement – the open education movement – which seeks to realize a global learning commons, Universal Education Search excellent progress on many fronts. We are Technical barriers focus on the fact that near completion on several projects and have open educational resources must be easy to laid the groundwork for significant advances find and access in order to be useful. For in other areas. On a personal level, I have instance, many OER repositories were built in been amazed at the passion, drive, and such a way that their content is inaccessible competence of this global community, which or difficult to use. ccLearn is benefiting is growing every day. We all share a vision from the amazing engineering work of of a future where educational opportunities the Creative Commons team by providing are not limited by place, time, circumstances leadership on technical standards and of birth, or even by technologies. Clearly, we architectures that have the potential to solve are some distance yet from achieving this these problems. Specifically, we are helping vision, but already there is good evidence people to understand how the semantic web, that existing inequities in educational access through RDFa (and ccREL) mark-up, enables and quality are eroding. It’s definitely an the pool of OER to grow organically and to exciting time. CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 retain the site-specific properties that make them valuable and educationally relevant. Open Education Highlights from around This work stands in contrast to most efforts the Globe in this area, which either seek to create a The OER movement is a global movement. Education global centralized repository or a semblance is an issue that crosses borders and spans continents; of one through direct integration of existing open education—the creation and distribution of OER silos. OER—empowers people in a global dialogue. The success of this international effort depends on a great Because these ideas are fairly abstract, deal, as many issues and barriers to open education we have undertaken to build a proof-of- are country- and culture-specific. However, despite concept search engine, which we are calling contextual differences, significant progress has Universal Education Search (UES). We hope been made around the world. Some specific project this tool will help people to see the benefits highlights of the year: of semantic mark-up and of open licensing. 4 If all goes well, we will have a public release Latin America of a beta version of UES before the end of Latam Commons 2008: The Public Domain, the year. Creative Commons, and Open Education in Latin America, held Nov 19-21 in Santiago, Open Education Community Site Chile, was a great success. The event was Social barriers require that we recognize co-hosted and excellently managed by the that OER development and access are only Non-Governmental Organization Derechos the first steps. Because Creative Commons Digitales, and representatives from all over licenses are fundamental infrastructural Latin America were present and actively elements of most OER, ccLearn is naturally participated in the meeting. Project Leads positioned to serve as a sort of “switchboard” of Creative Commons jurisdictions first and catalyst for the rest of the community, held a one-day meeting to discuss their especially on an international scale. In that projects, possible strategic initiatives and vein, we are currently building an “Open collaborations across the region, and shared Education Community” site which will enable challenges. These conversations are just the OER projects to share information and beginning of what is planned to become a collaborate much more easily. In addition, regular regional gathering to leverage the the site will showcase the various tools and expertise and resources that are distributed resources that we and others have created. throughout the region. The next day was Finally, the site will serve as a landing pad devoted to a highly interactive “unconference” for people who are interested in learning on open education which brought together more about the open education movement. leading international advocates for open education with key figures in libraries and Reflecting on the past year: Though the ministries of education in Chile and beyond. fruits of our efforts are not yet widely visible, The goal of the meeting was to gather I am pleased to report that we have made information regarding top concerns and key projects involved in the growth of the open capacity of the issues related to OA to enable education movement, to be synthesized members to benefit from the content, which and then leveraged for collaborative is made freely available through OA, as well opportunities both within and beyond the as ensuring that the local content produced region. Look for a report on this event in the within their countries is widely distributed.” coming months. Finally, Derechos Digitales orchestrated a seminar on the public domain Bloomsbury Academic was recently featured which included cutting-edge research in our interview with Frances Pinter. Launched reports and discussions regarding the legal back in September, it is the new imprint and practical elements of both defining and by Bloomsbury Publishing Plc, publisher of utilizing the public domain in Latin America. the Harry Potter series, based in London. The philosophical and legal issues pertinent Bloomsbury Academic will publish works to consideration of the public domain is in the Humanities and Social Sciences clearly of broad interest in the region, and exclusively under non-commercial CC we are hopeful that these ideas will continue licenses, some with additional permissions to serve as organizing themes for ongoing to use in certain commercial contexts. conversation and action to enhance access They chose CC licenses because “Creative to knowledge and improved scholarship in Commons is the best known license for this the future. kind of publishing. There are still some issues with it, such as defining very precisely what New Zealand is ‘commercial’. However, we felt that on New Zealand is the home of Otago balance it was best to go with a license that Polytechnic, whose default intellectual had such wide recognition. One reason for 5 property policy blasted them onto the OER putting the whole text online free of charge is map last year. All work created by the to avoid all the fuss and confusion that arises university and its members are automatically when publishers allow odd excerpts online available to the world via CC BY, the and free downloads for limited periods etc. most open license and ideally suited for This may be good PR, but better to have a CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 educational purposes. CC BY allows you to policy that is more focused on delivering freely distribute, derive and adapt the work what authors and readers want – which is as long as you credit the authors, making it to use the Web as a library. This is especially easy to reuse and re-mix educational works. true of academic works.” We hope that more institutions will follow Otago’s lead and enact similar policies. Leigh Blackall, at the Education Development Center of Otago, shares our view: “I think everyone will come to see the simplicity and flexibility of CC BY, and that alone outweighs all other concerns.” Europe We have very strong connections in Europe, two of which are eIFL and Bloomsbury Academic. eIFL.net, Electronic Information for Libraries, is a giant component of the international effort, as it consists of a “network of 2,220 libraries in 47 transitioning and developing countries with a combined population of 800 million people.” Though it is based in Europe, it is not limited to European countries. Back in May, eIFL voiced their commitment to the goal of “[creating] a world where each and every person on earth can access and contribute to the sum of all human knowledge.” “Through the eIFL OA (Open Access) Program, eIFL members build Recent Highlights from CC’s Other Programs CC Core Annual Fundraising Campaign foremost, this is a crucial step toward continues: corporate matching de-fracturing the world of free culture challenges; giveaways and free software, which should have the impact of greatly accelerating the growth Safe Creative and WikiHow both issued of that world. The next step will be for the corporate matching challenges in Wikipedia/Wikimedia community (and CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 support of our 2008 campaign, and other FDL-licensed wikis) to decide to we’re proud to say that we met both offer wiki content under CC BY-SA 3.0, challenges ahead of schedule, resulting which we hope to see someday soon. in very generous donations from Safe Creative, $4000, and WikiHow, $3000. SSRC awards grant for CC license We are grateful for these and all our research corporate donors, whose support helps sustain our organization. This We’re thrilled to announce that the Social year’s fundraising campaign has also Science Research Center (SSRC) has garnered exemplary support from CC awarded CC with a grant for the project founder, Lawrence Lessig, who has “Assessing the Commons: Social Metrics offered autographed copies of his latest for the New Media Landscape.” Thanks book, REMIX, for donors giving $500 to the SSRC, George Cheliotis, of CC and above, and CC-licensing musician Singapore and the National University Jonathan Coulton, who has teamed of Singapore, will work with Creative 6 up with us to offer his unreleased (CC- Commons to research the “global licensed) album on customized USB patterns of CC license use, as well as flash drives to our donors who give $50 developing metrics showing penetration and above. We weren’t prepared for and impact of open licensing, per how popular the flash drives would be jurisdiction and globally.” and ran out of our first batch in less than three days, but we quickly ordered more to keep up with demand. Supplies are very limited, donate soon if you would like to receive one. Huge Milestone: Free Software Foundation releases Free Documentation License 1.3 The Free Software Foundation has just released version 1.3 of its Free Documentation License (FDL) containing language which allows FDL-licensed wikis to republish FDL content under the CC Attribution-ShareAlike license until August 1, 2009. Excepted from this are FDL documents originating elsewhere unless they have been incorporated into the wiki prior to November 1, 2008. Why is this news important? First and Science Commons NeuroCommons RDF distribution Upcoming release of CC0 Waiver and release of the installer: We are pleased that CC0 (CC Zero), This is exciting news for NeuroCommons currently in its third beta, is on track because it is a prototype of a modular to be released by the end of the year. scientific knowledge base built on CC0 was conceived over two years ago, web standards and open data, the beginning with the Science Commons first system of its kind (of which we’re Open Data conference at the National aware). The inspiration is GNU/Linux Academies in Washington, D.C. That distributions such as Debian, which journey has since taken members of our consist of a large number of open team to the Sorbonne, Paris, where they software packages that interconnect gathered members of the CC community using a shared set of interfaces; in the alongside leading legal and scientific case of Science Commons, they have experts to discuss the problem of data a distribution of open data packages sharing. From that discussion emerged 7 interconnected using a shared set of the idea that would eventually become formal terminologies (“ontologies”). CC0. CC0 is a protocol that enables Using this distribution you can build people to waive to the fullest extent your own knowledge base for molecular possible under applicable copyright law biology and biomedicine for personal, all rights they have and associate with a CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 lab-wide, or internet-wide use. This is a work so it has no (or minimal) copyright first step toward scalable practices for or neighboring rights restrictions making reuseable “data mashups” that attached to it. To the extent the waiver would eventually cover all of science. is not legally effective in any jurisdiction, The installer project started about a year then the protocol takes the form of ago, and was released in September. a nonexclusive worldwide license to The data packages themselves have exercise all copyright and neighboring been in the works for almost two years, legal rights in the work. Specifically, and are under steady development. CC0 is a tool targeted at scientific data sharing. Factual data in databases This project is significant because it are covered by many conflicting and carries CC work on the legal and confusing copyright regimes throughout technical aspects of sharing and the world. Even lawyers have a hard time mashups into a scientific domain. Even reconciling all these laws. With CC0, we after solving the problem of access to will make it simple. CC0 returns data to data, there still remains the problem of the public domain and makes it “safe using it. As it stands, data integration for science”— that is, free of restrictive is widely acknowledged to be an copyrights, contracts, and other IP enormous source of inefficiency in the that restrict sharing and reuse of data. research cycle, and any contributions Stay tuned for more news on the launch or improvements we make have great of CC0. potential to make the world a better place. Visit www.neurocommons.org for more information. CC International Two new CC jurisdictions launched, the banner of “Free Society” at the more in the works! Free Society Conference and Nordic Summit (FSCONS) in Götheborg, Creative Commons and CCi proudly Sweden in September to build ties announce the launch of ported CC and bridge projects among their licenses in Guatemala on October 23 respective communities. CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 and Hong Kong on October 25, neither of which would have been possible Creative Commons and COMMUNIA, without the dedicated hard work of local a growing European network Project Leads and volunteers. In another part of the world, Jordan continues to COMMUNIA, the European Thematic discuss its license draft, the first Version Network on the Digital Public Domain, 3.0 draft available in Arabic. You funded by the European Commission, is can follow the discussion here: www. greatly helping to increase awareness of creativecommons.org/international/ Creative Commons throughout Europe. jo. You can also contribute your own At a workshop in Amsterdam in October, ideas, read discussion archives, and get attendees explored the theme Marking updates by visiting: http://lists.ibiblio. the public domain: relinquishment org/mailman/listinfo/cc-jo/. In related & certification, and the CC0 beta/ news, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia discussion draft 3 (see section: Science continue to surpass the call of duty in Commons) was one of the main items 8 preparing to bring CC licenses to their on the agenda. We are also thrilled to jurisdictions. Thanks to the generous announce that COMMUNIA will host its support of the Eurasia Partnership first workshop of 2009 on January 23 CC Hong Kong: Image selected from “CCHK Launch Foundation (EPF), Project Leads from with the European Broadcasting Union, Programme (.pdf)” (http:// the three jurisdictions came together in bringing together many of the major hk.creativecommons. October with EPF representatives and European public broadcasters to talk org/wp-content/ CC Serbia’s Legal Project Lead, Nena about how to implement alternative uploads/2008/10/cchk- launchprogramme1.pdf) Antic, in Tbilisi, Georgia for a workshop licensing schemes, especially CC. by Creative Commons to discuss the CCi license porting process Hong Kong (http:// in their jurisdictions. hk.creativecommons. org/), available under a CC-BY 3.0 License (http:// International conference brings creativecommons.org/ together Free Culture, Free licenses/by/3.0/). Software, and Free Content Communia: Image from COMMUNIA Conference 2008 (http://communia-project.eu/node/142) Creative Commons Sweden, Free by Politecnico di Torino (http://www.polito.it), Software Foundation Europe, and available under a CC-BY-SA 3.0 License (http:// Wikimedia Sverige joined forces under creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) Al Jazeera and Creative Commons: groundbreaking event set for 2009 Creative Commons is organizing, together with Al Jazeera satellite channel, a special CC-Al Jazeera day on the 14th of March 2009. The event will be followed by the Al Jazeera Forum, on the 15-16 of March, an annual gathering of more than 500 journalists and media experts coming from all over the world to Doha, Qatar. CC Salons continue to pop up 9 around the globe We are delighted to announce that CC Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia: “Tbilisi Old District” Austria and CC France each hosted their (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Tbilisi_Old_District.jpg) first salons in October, bringing together in the public domain CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 members of their respective communities to talk about CC licenses and the shift towards openness and sharing. Watch for more salons to come, and remember - anyone can start a CC Salon, no matter where you live! Check out our resources for starting a salon in your region: http:// wiki.creativecommons.org/Salon CC and pop music in Romania Hi-Q, the hugely successful Romanian pop group, announced the first CC remix competition in Romania. Hi- Q’s unreleased song “Eu+Tu=Iubire” (”Me+U=Love”) will be included on the band’s upcoming album. creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/) barackobamadotcom) CC BY-NC-SA (http:// 20081104_Chicago_ IL_ElectionNight1265 Barack Obama (http://flickr.com/photos/ barackobamadotcom/3009093116/), (http://flickr.com/photos/ Culture Commons Barack Obama: U.S. President-elect Barack Obama casual listeners, all the while protecting CC-licenses election night photos ISGM’s commercial rights. on Flickr The Designers Accord, a community Barack Obama and his staff have posted of more than 100,000 designers who CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 photographs to his Flickr photostream are committed to environmentally- since early 2007, and their most recent friendly and socially-responsible design set from election night, November 4th, practices, has launched an online offers an incredible behind the scenes platform for sharing design ideas and look at a historic point in American has chosen to publish all of the site’s history. All of the photos are released submissions and materials under a under a CC BY-NC-SA license, making Creative Commons Attribution license. it easy for anyone to share and reuse. The Designers Accord Web Community is a repository of case studies, resources, CC licensing encourages openness, methodologies, and best practices that sharing, and innovation in the have been created by designers and are cultural realm intended for public use. Culture Commons focuses most of its Into Infinity, the CC-licensed art and 10 energy on encouraging content platforms music exhibition produced by dublab in and organizations to properly implement collaboration with Creative Commons, and adopt Creative Commons licenses. is going strong, with regular additions The result: myriad gratifying examples by artists and musicians from all over of bottom-up CC usage that enable any the world. We’ve already seen some and everybody to successfully achieve great remixes of the works, which we’re proper CC integration, creating a looking forward to presenting publicly baseline feature for future development soon - we’ve got an installation lined of communities and laying the necessary up for CC’s 6th Birthday Party in San groundwork for another potential Francisco on December 18. For now, Flickr or Wikipedia to come along. we’re pleased to announce the debut Here are some recent fruits of Culture of the Into Infinity Audio Mega-Mixer, a Commons’ labor: soundboard that lets you create in-the- moment sound collages from all of Into “The Concert,” a classical music Infinity’s 8-second audio loops. Check it podcast produced by the Isabella Stewart out on http://intoinfinity.com Gardner Museum (ISGM) and released under a Creative Commons Music SoundCloud, a new media sharing site Sharing license, reached its 54th episode that allows musicians to post their works and 1 millionth download in October. easily, share them securely, interact While the content of the podcast - lush with other musicians in a collaborative arrangements of beautiful compositions fashion, and check stats on song listens/ - is at the heart of why “The Concert” has comments, has integrated CC licensing done so well, the Music Sharing license into its framework by giving users the employed by ISGM makes that content choice to upload their works under a CC immediately sharable by stripping away license or a public domain declaration. legal hurdles that might otherwise inhibit Aviary, whose mission is to “make MuseumPods has collaborated with the world’s creation accessible,” has CC to produce the “Podcast Publishing, baked Creative Commons licensing Access, and Rights Survey,” which into their platform of live image editing will gather insight from museum and applications. The site has launched with education communities about their three distinct tools so far that help artists interest in Creative Commons and CC create and share fantastic images with licenses, as well as attitudes towards the intention of eventually creating a sharing in general. new kind of market place to encourage commercial licensing of their CC licensed work through our new CC+ protocol, which is basically a Creative Commons license + some other agreement which provides “morePermissions.” 11 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 AVIARY: http://aviary. c o m / a p p s / w e b v 2 / creation.aspx?u=meowza &seoname=unzippedkitty creativecommons.org We rely on our supporters to continue our work enabling stories like those listed above. Check it out Donate: http://support.creativecommons.org/join CC Store: http://support.creativecommons.org/store CC Newsletter - Issue No. 10 Subscribe to the CC Weblog: http://bloglines.com/sub/http://creativecommons. org/weblog/rss http://google.com/reader/view/feed/http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/rss http://add.my.yahoo.com/rss?url=http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/rss Creative Commons was built with and is sustained by the generous support of organizations including the Center for the Public Domain, the Omidyar Network, The Rockefeller Foundation, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, as well as members of the public. 12 Creative Commons newsletters are also posted to the CC Weblog. For back issues please visit http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CCNewsletter Cover: “Photo text” © 2008. Lairaja. Some Rights Reserved. Except when otherwise noted, this work is licensed under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ ph/ This remixed image incorporates Creative Commons Newsletter article (see pages 3 to 5 of this issue), under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 license; the ccLearn logo; and Gavin Baker / naufragio (“The XO Inspires” http://flickr.com/photos/ naufragio/635759795/), and Alexandre Duret-Lutz / gadl (“Bookshelves” http://flickr. com/photos/gadl/91539531/), both under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 licenses (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/deed.en).