DOKK Library

Creative Commons Newsletter No.5


License CC-BY-3.0

CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

                                                                      This PDF version of the ccNewsletter was
Dear All,
                                                                      remixed by Creative Commons Philippines.
2007 closed on a high note for Creative Commons,                      The repackaged newsletter is licensed under
and 2008 has picked up where 2007 left off. This            
promises to be an exciting year for CC and for Free                   ph
Culture. Thanks to everyone for your
ongoing support of our work - CC's                                    Left: Ito, Joi. “Melissa Reeder.” CC BY 2.0 http:/
future is bright, and we have you, our                                /
community, to thank for that.

All the best,

Melissa Reeder
Development Coordinator
Creative Commons

CC NEWS                                                   CC LEGAL NEWS
3   Creative Commons Announces Pledges Made to            11   CC0 beta/discussion draft launch
    Fulfill '5x5" Funding Challenge                       12   Creative Commons Launches CC+ and CC0
4   -Wikipedia and Creative Commons next steps                 Programs
    -Creative Commons licensing for public sector
    information                                           INTERNATIONAL
5   Participatory Media Lab launch with ccMixter          13   -Danish Collecting Society KODA teams up with
    analysis                                                   CC Denmark
                                                               -CC Hong Kong begins public discussion
CCLEARN NEWS                                              14   Public Broadcasters Opt for CC
5      Make Textbooks Affordable campaign launched        15   ACIA: Asia Commoners meet in Taipei
6      Teachers, Students, Web Gurus, and Foundations     16   Philippines introduces locally ported Creative
       Launch Campaign to Transform Education, Call for        Commons licenses
       Free, Adaptable Learning Materials Online          17   Serbia announces ported licenses on Creative
7      -2008 Science Video Collection and Remix                Commons' fifth year
       -Open Educational resources Aid Florida Reading    C ONGRATULATIONS ,     SHOUTOUTS , USE CASES , AND
       Teachers                                                 INTERESTING TID-BITS
                                                          18    -RightsAgent and CC+
SCIENCE COMMONS NEWS                                            -New York Times Continues Polling Photo Project
8    Science Commons announces the Protocol for           19    -MIT OpenCourseWare Publishes 1800th Course
     Implementing Open Access Data                              -Duke Scholarly Communications Weekly Copyright
9    NPG introduces a CC license for genome research            Widget
                                                          20     -"Open Yale Courses" Debuts Online
CC TECH NEWS                                                    -Citizendium says "Our gift to the world: CC-by-
9   Making open standards as open as possible                   sa"
10  l-iblicense 0.5: first stable version of C library    24    New Comic! Sharing Creative Works
    supporting CC metadata
    -Semantic Dogfood

We rely on our supporters to continue our work enabling   Creative Commons was built with and is sustained by the
stories like those listed above. Check it out:            generous support of organizations including the Center
                                                          for the Public Domain, the Omidyar Network, The
DONATE                                                    Rockefeller Foundation, The John D. and Catherine T.                 MacArthur Foundation, and The William and Flora Hewlett
                                                          Foundation, as well as members of the public.
CC News

by Eric Steuer                                                generous support of these foundations, companies, and
2 January 2008                                                individuals ensures that Creative Commons will be able                  to continue working to build and support a freer culture          for years to come. I cannot express how fortunate we
                                                              feel to have the backing of this wonderful community."

We're very pleased to announce that pledges have been         "Omidyar Network is thrilled to support Creative Commons
made to fulfill the Hewlett Fundation's "5x5" funding         in its efforts to develop a copyright system that values
challenge to Creative Commons. Pledges include promises       flexibility, innovation, and protection for both content
of support from the Hewlett Foundation, Omidyar               creators and users," said Will Fitzpatrick, Corporate
Network, Google, Mozilla, Red Hat, and the Creative           Counsel of Omidyar Network. "We believe that there
Commons board.                                                needs to be a simple way for people to legally and freely
                                                              access, share, and use information, and that Creative
San Francisco, CA, USA -- January 2, 2008                     Commons' efforts are crucial to reaching this goal."

Today, Creative Commons announced that pledges have           "Google is proud to support Creative Commons and its
been made to meet the Hewlett Foundation's "5x5" funding      mission of offering authors, artists, scientists, and educators
challenge to Creative Commons. The 5x5 challenge,             open and flexible ways to make their creative works widely
issued in honor of Creative Commons' fifth birthday, called   available," said Kent Walker, Google's General Counsel.
for the organization to find five funders to each promise     "At Google, we help people find, organize, and share
five years of support at $500,000 per year.                   information. Creative Commons plays an important role
                                                              in facilitating the legal and creative re-use of much of this
In addition to the Hewlett Foundation, Creative Commons       great content."
received pledges of $500,000 in yearly support for five
years from Omidyar Network, as well as from an                "Mozilla is excited to support the work of Creative
anonymous European trust. Google has pledged                  Commons with our 5x5 pledge," said Mitchell Baker, Chair
$300,000 in support renewable for five years, while           of the Mozilla Foundation. "Creative Commons has
Mozilla and Red Hat have each pledged to contribute           empowered people everywhere to help build a
$100,000 annually for five years.                             participatory Web by making it easy to share as well as
                                                              protect one's creative work."
The final block of support comes from the board of
Creative Commons, which has promised to personally            "Red Hat's dream to act as a force for democratizing
raise or contribute $500,000 to the organization annually     content and the mission of Creative Commons are a
for five years.                                               natural fit for each other," said Max Spevack, Fedora
                                                              Project Leader. "Red Hat hopes that this can be one of
"I couldn't be more pleased to make this announcement,"       many opportunities to support Creative Commons in the
said Lawrence Lessig, CEO of Creative Commons. "The           coming years."

                              Cover: Guerrero, Berne. “No. 5.” CC BY 3.0 PH. Includes images from Patzig,
                              Franz. “CC Birthday Party Berlin.” CC BY 2.0
                              2116478152/ and; Laihiu / Ryanne
                              lai hiu yeung “creative commons HK legal team!” CC BY 2.0
                              laihiu/2226441456/; kaerubsd / Khairil Yusof “Norbert, Dave and Minh Do” CC
                              BY 2.0 and Creative
                              Commons CC BY 3.0

                                                                              CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

CC News                                                          CC News
W IKIPEDIA AND     C REATIVE                                     CREATIVE C OMMONS                        LICENSING
COMMONS NEXT STEPS                                               FOR PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATION

by Lawrence Lessig                                               by Mike Linksvayer
6 December 2007                                                  31 January 2008           

Last week the Wikimedia Foundation board took an                 Paul Keller from CC Netherlands [1] on a tremendously
important step [1] toward giving Wikipedia the right to          informative new report:
choose to migrate to a Creative Commons Attribution-
ShareAlike license. Credit goes to the Wikimedia                     As part of the activities of Creative Commons
Foundation and Free Software Foundation for having the               Netherlands the Institute for information Law has
wisdom and foresight to enable this progress. However,               been undertaking research into an number of
the real work has just begun. As Wikipedia founder Jimmy             issues connected to the use of the Creative
Wales put it:                                                        Commons Licenses. In 2007 much of this
                                                                     research has focused on the use of Creative
          Now, community, we have a lot to talk about. :)            Commons licenses for the distribution of public
                                                                     sector information by government bodies. This
For Creative Commons, this means continuing [2] a                    research has been carried out by Mireille van
discussion concerning how the CC Attribution-ShareAlike              Eechoud (whom a number of you will have met
license can be improved so as to not only be the best                at last years iSummit where she gave a
available license for a massively collaborative content              preliminary presentation on this topic) and Brenda
project, but the best such license feasible.                         van der Wal.

To start with, Wikimedia board member Erik Möller has                This research has resulted in a Report titled
posted [3] a list of issues that we want to address -- with          Creative commons licensing for public sector
input from across the CC community.                                  information: Opportunities and pitfalls (pdf). [2]

One of these issues holds particular interest: Should the            While the report focusses on the situation in the
ShareAlike requirement be more precisely defined for                 Netherlands it should be of intrest to Creative
"embedded" media, and if so, how? For example, if an                 Commons projects in other countries as well.
image licensed under Attribution-ShareAlike is used to               Primarily because the Dutch regulatory
illustrate an article, must the article be similarly licensed?       framework for public sector information is
This has previously been discussed [4] on the cc-licenses            derived from the European PSI directive and
list, and we welcome the opportunity to drive that                   should thus be fairly similar to the regulatory
discussion to a happy conclusion.                                    framework in the rest of the EU countries.

Tentatively the eventual outcome of these discussions will           This report is well worth reading because it makes
be a new version of the CC licenses. We'll say version               a very well structured argument (by comparing
3.5 for now -- a significant improvement, but still within           th elicense characteristics of the individual CC
the framework of version 3.0 [5] and folding in the work             licenses to the objectives of both the Public Sector
done so far on proposed version 3.01, [6] thanks again to            Information legislation and the Freedom of
the Wikipedia community.                                             Information legislation in the Netherlands) for
                                                                     the use of the least restrictive licenses (CC-BY)
The primary venue for this discussion focused on                     and the Public Domain dedication (the report was
improving CC licenses is the cc-licenses list. [7] We                written before the CC0 announcement) [3] for
encourage you to subscribe and participate. Of course                public sector information. Given this the report

  Wikipedia and Creative Commons > 21                             Public Sector Information > 21
CC News                                                          ccLearn News
P ARTICIPATORY                     M EDIA             L AB       M AKE T EXTBOOKS A FFORDABLE

by Mike Linksvayer                                               by Ahrash Bissell
14 January 2008                                                  23 January 2008           

Giorgos Cheliotis' [1] group at Singapore Management             It was a busy day yesterday for campaigns to open up
University has launched a site for their Participatory Media     educational access and opportunities. In addition to the
Lab, [2] featuring a working paper on ccMixter reuse             Cape Town Declaration, [1] the Student PIRGs [2] in the
patterns titled Remix Culture: Creative Reuse and the            United States just launched a major campaign to
Licensing of Digital Media in Online Communities (pdf) [3]       encourage faculty to adopt open educational resources
and including data [4] and visualizations [5] from this and      in their classrooms, which will provide significant benefit
earlier research on open content, previously blogged here        to students in making college education more affordable.
last October [6] and June. [7]                                   ccLearn and members of the Creative Commons board
                                                                 have been advising on this campaign, and of course the
At Asia and Commons in the Information Age (ACIA) [8]            texts being recommended would carry a CC license.
this weekend Giorgos will present on Licensing Attitudes
in Asia and (mis)Perceptions of Free Culture. [9]                A press release is below:

I'm very eager for additional researchers to take a serious          January 22, 2008: Textbook costs can be a huge
look at all aspects of the use and reuse of CC licensed              financial burden on students, and considering new
works. My talk at ACIA will be on this subject: Toward               low-cost options can help keep higher education
Useful CC Adoption Metrics. [10]                                     affordable and accessible.

Endnotes                                                             Although most of the textbooks on the existing market
                                                                     are expensive, an emerging number of free, online,
1                                   open-access textbooks presents one of our best hopes
2                                           for more affordable, comparable options. While the
                                                                     supply of these textbooks is still small, existing open
4                                        textbooks have already won adoptions at some of the
5                              nation’s most prestigious institutions, including Harvard
6                       and Caltech. Instructors who use open textbooks have
7                       affirmed that high-quality textbooks are not necessarily
8                       expensive textbooks.
   program:licensing-attitudes-in-asia-and-mis-perceptions-          The statement below is an effort to build faculty interest
   of-free-culture                                                   and demand for affordable and still comparable
                                                                     course materials, including open textbooks.

dominick.chen "Mike Linksvayer @ iSummit 2007 Legal Day" CC BY
                                                                     Signers state their intent to consider open textbooks
                                                                     in the search for the most appropriate course
                                                                     materials, and their preference to adopt an open
                                                                     textbook in place of an expensive, commercial
                                                                     textbook, if the open textbook is the best option.

                                                                  Make Textbooks Affordable > 21

                                                                                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

ccLearn News

by Ahrash Bissell                                              materials that are individually tailored to their learning
23 January 2008                                                style. There are already over 100,000 such open                   educational resources available on the Internet.

                                                               The Declaration is the result of a meeting of thirty open
ccLearn, the education division of Creative Commons,           education leaders in Cape Town, South Africa, organized
was one of the core participants in the drafting of the        late last year by the Open Society Institute and the
Cape Town Open Education Declaration, publicly                 Shuttleworth Foundation. Participants identified key
launched yesterday. Creative Commons’ CEO, Lawrence            strategies for developing open education. They encourage
Lessig, is a leading signatory, as are many CC friends         others to join and sign the Declaration.
and affiliates the world over. We encourage you to share
the news and to sign on yourself. The press release is         “Open sourcing education doesn’t just make learning
below.                                                         more accessible, it makes it more collaborative, flexible
                                                               and locally relevant,” said Linux Entrepreneur Mark
Cape Town, January 22nd, 2008—A coalition of                   Shuttleworth, who also recorded a video press briefing
educators, foundations, and internet pioneers today urged      ( “Linux is succeeding
governments and publishers to make publicly-funded             exactly because of this sort of adaptability. The same kind
educational materials available freely over the internet.      of success is possible for open education.”

The Cape Town Open Education Declaration, launched             Open education is of particular relevance in developing
today, is part of a dynamic effort to make learning and        and emerging economies, creating the potential for
teaching materials available to everyone online, regardless    affordable textbooks and learning materials. It opens the
of income or geographic location. It encourages teachers       door to small-scale, local content producers likely to create
and students around the world to join a growing movement       more diverse offerings than large multinational publishing
and use the web to share, remix and translate classroom        houses.
materials to make education more accessible, effective,
and flexible.                                                  “Cultural diversity and local knowledge are a critical part
                                                               of open education,” said Eve Gray of the Centre for
“Open education allows every person on earth to access         Educational Technology at the University of Cape Town.
and contribute to the vast pool of knowledge on the web,”      “Countries like South Africa need to start producing and
said Jimmy Wales, founder of Wikipedia and Wikia and           sharing educational materials built on their own diverse
one of the authors of the Declaration. “Everyone has           cultural heritage. Open education promises to make this
something to teach and everyone has something to learn.”       kind of diverse publishing possible.”

According to the Declaration, teachers, students and           The Declaration has already been translated into over a
communities would benefit if publishers and governments        dozen languages and the growing list of signatories
made publicly-funded educational materials freely              includes: Jimmy Wales; Mark Shuttleworth; Peter Gabriel,
available online. This will give students unlimited access     musician and founder of Real World Studios; Sir John
to high quality, constantly improving course materials, just   Daniel, President of Commonwealth of Learning; Thomas
as Wikipedia has done in the world of reference materials.     Alexander, former Director for Education at the
                                                               Organization for Economic Cooperation and
Open education makes the link between teaching,                Development; Paul N. Courant, University Librarian and
learning and the collaborative culture of the Internet. It     former Provost, University of Michigan; Lawrence Lessig,
includes creating and sharing materials used in teaching       founder and CEO of Creative Commons; Andrey
as well as new approaches to learning where people             Kortunov, President of the New Eurasia Foundation; and
create and shape knowledge together. These new
practices promise to provide students with educational           Learning Materials Online > 22
ccLearn News                                                      ccLearn News
2008 SCIENCE VIDEO COLLECTION                                     O PEN E DUCATIONAL RESOURCES
AND REMIX CHALLENGE                                               AID FLORIDA READING TEACHERS

by Jane Park                                                      by Timothy Vollmer
15 January 2008                                                   28 January 2008            

If you have access to educational science videos for kids         eSchools News reports [1] that the state of Florida has
(or if you even want to make your own), ccLearn[1]                recently added the open content reading website Free-
encourages you to participate in the 2008 Science Video  to its list of approved curriculum resources.
Collection and Remix Challenge! [2] Check out the website         Officials said [2] is the first open
for official details, but here’s the important stuff. Deadline    instructional program granted bona fide state approval,
is March 31, 2008. The grand prize includes:                      and OER supporters see momentum building in the idea
                                                                  that a “public, collaborative, continuously modified online
*   $2,000                                                        curriculum can be used in the classroom.” From the Free-
*   an OLPC laptop                                       website:
*   winning producer material featured on laptops and
    press materials worldwide                                     Free-Reading is an ongoing, collaborative, teacher-based,
                                                                  curriculum-sharing project. We’re looking to provide a
One Laptop Per Child [3] and Intelligent Television [4] are       reliable forum where teachers can openly and freely share
working to bring educational video to kids (namely 8 to           their successful and effective methods for teaching reading
16 year-olds) who don’t have it. Your submissions will            in grades K-1 and for at-risk students in later grades.
help to increase the amount of great educational video
content available as part of the Open Education          allows teachers to download, copy and
movement. [5]                                                     share lessons with colleagues. The site strives “to make
                                                                  quality, research-based, explicit and systematic instruction
Basically, anyone can enter—kids, students, teachers,             for early reading widely available and free.” All the
filmmakers, working people with time on their hands…              resources are free as in free beer as well as free as in
The aim is to gather as much existing scientific video            free speech. [3] The content is openly offered so as to be
material as we can; this is the first stage of the competition.   “used, reused, mashed-up, and shared again.”
All contributed video material must be openly licensed
(CC BY, [6] CC BY-SA[7] ), which means it can be copied,          All of the content is published under a
distributed, transmitted, and adapted by others.                  Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike [4] license. This
                                                                  license grants users the right to copy, distribute, transmit
There are other prizes too, which will be awarded by an           and adapt the resource provided the original author
international panel of judges. After you submit the prime         receives credit. Users who alter, transform, or build upon
material, the remixing stage will be announced.                   the work must distribute their remixes under the same
Remember, it’s all about the best science archives. Happy         license.
                                                                  Last week, we wrote [5] about the “Make Textbooks
Endnotes                                                          Affordable” campaign. This initiative “encourage[s] faculty
                                                                  to adopt open educational resources in their classrooms,
1                             which will provide significant benefit to students in making
2                          college education more affordable.” It’s inspiring to see
                                                                  primary education communities supporting open
5   h t t p : / / e n . w i k i p e d i a . o r g / w i k i /     educational resources as well.
7                 Florida Reading Teachers > 21

                                                                                  CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

Science Commons News
S CIENCE C OMMONS ANNOUNCES                                          THE    P ROTOCOL             FOR

by Kaitlin Thaney                                                As part of that decision, Science Commons has worked
16 December 2007                                                 with data licensing thought leaders and is pleased to                     announce partnerships with Jordan Hatcher, [2] the lawyer               behind the Open Database License; Talis, [3] the company
16/announcing-protocol-for-oa-data/                              behind the Open Database License process; and the Open
                                                                 Knowledge Foundation, [4] creators of the Open
                                                                 Knowledge Definition. [5]

Today, in conjunction with the Creative Commons 5th              Jordan has drafted the Open Data Commons Public
Birthday celebration, Science Commons announces the              Domain Dedication and License [6] - the first legal tool to
Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data (”the                 fully implement the Protocol. It is available at his Web
Protocol”). [1]                                                  site. [7] This draft is remarkable not just for the Public
                                                                 Domain Dedication but for the encoding of scholarly and
The Protocol is a method for ensuring that scientific            scientific norms into a standalone, non-legal document.
databases can be legally integrated with one another.            This is a key element of the Protocol and a major milestone
The Protocol is built on the public domain status of data in     in the fight for Open Access data. Talis, a company with a
many countries (including the United States) and provides        strong history in the open science data movement, played
legal certainty to both data deposit and data use. The           a key role in birthing Jordan’s work, and we’re pleased
protocol is not a license or legal tool in itself, but instead   to work with them as well.
a methodology for a) creating such legal tools and b)
marking data already in the public domain for machine-           We are also pleased to announce that the Open
assisted discovery.                                              Knowledge Foundation has certified the Protocol as
                                                                 conforming to the Open Knowledge Definition. We think
You can read the Protocol at          it’s important to avoid legal fragmentation at the early
projects/publishing/open-access-data-protocol/                   stages, and that one way to avoid that fragmentation is to
                                                                 work with the existing thought leaders like the OKF.
We built the Protocol after a year- long process of meetings
and consultations with a broad set of stakeholders,              We will be launching a wiki for comments on the Protocol
including representatives of the geospatial and biodiversity     soon, and will announce a strategy for versioning the
science communities. We solicited input from international       Protocol in 2008.
representatives from China, Ugand, Brazil, Japan,
France, Netherlands, Germany, Italy, the United                  Endnotes
Kingdom, Colombi, Peru, Belgium, Catalonia and Spain.
We expect to convert this work into a working group with
founding members from our existing communities of                3
practice. However, the world is moving very quickly in           4
terms of data production, and as such we created the             5
Protocol as a guide and as a tool to bring together the          6
existing data licensing regimes into a single space.                  dedication-and-licence/
Science Commons News

by Kaitlin Thaney                                                   In 1996, as human genome sequencing was getting
6 December 2007                                                     under way, leading players stated: “It was agreed                        that all human genomic sequence information,                  generated by centres funded for large-scale human
06/npg-cc-licenses-genome-research/                                 sequencing, should be freely available and in the
In a move to make genome research more accessible,                  public domain in order to encourage research and
Nature Publishing Group (NPG) [1] has introduced a new              development and to maximise its benefit to society”
editorial policy that will put genome research published            (see [the Bermuda principles]). These principles have
by Nature under a CC-BY-NC-SA license. [2] The license              continued to guide the field, and NPG has consistently
grants readers the ability to share and remix the material          made genome papers freely available in keeping
under the following conditions: the work must be attributed         with them. This new licence allows us to formalize
to the author as specified by the author of licensor, cannot        the arrangement.”
be used for commercial purposes, and that any derivative
works be licensed under the same or a similar license.          This is definitely a step in the right direction for Open
NPG’s editorial policy can be read in full here. [3]            Access, and we always cheer use of CC licenses, although
                                                                I wish they’d chosen the Attribution license. [5] The Non-
An editorial posted today discusses some of the reasoning       Commercial and ShareAlike provisions of CC-BY-NC-SA[6]
behind enacting this new author license policy.                 seem to be in conflict with some of the terms in the
                                                                Budapest Declaration. But anything that gets us closer to
From the Nature editorial, “Shared genomes”               [4]   OA and supports the open licensing of foundational
(December 6, 2007):                                             research papers is good medicine, indeed.

    “In the continuing drive to make papers as accessible
    as possible, NPG is now introducing a ‘creative             1
    commons’ licence for the reuse of such genome                   06/npg-cc-licenses-genome-research/
    papers. The licence allows non-commercial                   2
    publishers, however they might be defined, to reuse         3
    the pdf and html versions of the paper. In particular,          license.html
    users are free to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt      4
    the contribution, provided this is for non-commercial           full/450762b.html
    purposes, subject to the same or similar licence            5
    conditions and due attribution.                             6

                                                                Today we are changing the microformats wiki to require
CC Tech News                                                    that all contributions be placed into the public domain.
                                                                This means that any page created, or any content added
MAKING OPEN STANDARDS AS OPEN                                   to the microformats wiki from here forward is placed into
AS POSSIBLE                                                     the public domain for maximum possible reuse.

                                                                Be sure to check out the whole post for the rationale and
by Mike Linksvayer
                                                                a nice backstory outline, starting from back in 2001.
17 December 2007                    Endnotes

A great announcement from the microformats community            2
today concerning use of the CC Public Domain Dedication.        3

                                                                               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

CC Tech News                                                     CC Tech News
LIBLICENSE  0.5: FIRST STABLE                                    SEMANTIC DOGFOOD

by Asheesh Laroia                                                by Nathan Yergler
15 January 2008                                                  12 December 2007           

With the help of Hubert Figuiere, Nathan Yergler, Peter          Since the beginning we’ve provided our licenses for three
Miller, Scott Shawcroft, and Jason Kivlighn, I’m happy to        separate, distinct audiences: humans, lawyers and
finally announce a new version of liblicense. [1] Summary:       machines. The machine audience has been served by
Now this is really worth using.                                  metadata versions of the licenses. This metadata is
                                                                 encoded with the HTML you get from the license chooser,[1]
For those just joining us now, liblicense is a library to        as well as for each individual license. For example, you
make it easy to add CC metadata support to desktop and           can find the metadata for the Attribution 3.0 Unported[2]
server side software you write. The biggest reason to            license by appending /rdf[3] to the URL.
choose liblicense rather than handling CC metadata
yourself is that we (huge thanks to Jason and Hubert)            While we’ve always provided this machine readable
have written handlers for many file formats. We use              version of the licenses, we’re finally taking steps to begin
Hubert’s Exempi library [2] that is derived from Adobe’s         eating our own semantic web dogfood.[4] We’re doing
Free/Open Source XMP library. [3]                                several things to accomplish this. First, the RDF/XML[5] we
                                                                 serve for each license is now considerably more
The two major driving factors on this release were making        informative. It includes:
it crash less and providing a stable interface (API and ABI)
for others to build upon. Earlier versions of liblicense would   *     an explicit pointer to the license legalcode
crash on invalid files. Also, crucially, this release has        *     information on when the license was deprecated (for
metadata inside the library, called “shared object                     example, the Developing Nations 2.0[6] metadata)
versioning,” indicating what features the library supports.      *     information about what license replaces this one (for
                                                                       example, the Attribution 1.0 Generic [7] metadata)
As always, you can reuse this under the terms of the             *     an explicit assertion about the license’s jurisidiction;
GNU LGPL. It’s interoperable with our metadata panel                   this was previously encoded only by convention
for Adobe applications,[4] supports embedding into files
ranging from JPEG to MP3 to Ogg Vorbis, and is available         In addition to the RDF/XML, we’re starting to encode
from [5] It is written in C and comes with      license information as RDFa[8] on the license deeds. Try
bindings for Python and Ruby. Finally, thanks to Venkatesh       using the GetN3 bookmarklet[9] on the Attribution 3.0
Srinivas [6] for his tireless help.                              Unported[10] deed for an example.

Endnotes                                                         We’re also starting to use this metadata to power our own
                                                                 applications. The Addin ships with a copy
1                   of the RDF and uses SPARQL[11] to determine the license
2                you’ve selected. As we continue to build out the tools
                                                                 around CC licenses we’ll be moving in a similar direction,
5                              looking for ways we can leverage this resource we already
    showfiles.php?group_id=80503                                 have.
6                                You can build on it, too; everything we do goes into source
                                                                 control. You can find the RDF files in the license.rdf[12]

                                                                     Semantic Dogfood > 21
CC Legal News

by Mike Linksvayer                                              Internationalization
15 January 2008                    As with our existing core legal tools (six licenses ranging
                                                                from Attribution to Attribution-NonCommercial-
                                                                NoDerivatives), we want the CC0 waiver and assertion
CC0 [1] is a Creative Commons project designed to               legal tools to be valid worldwide and eventually ported to
promote and protect the public domain by 1) enabling            many jurisdictions worldwide to take into account the
authors to easily waive their copyrights in particular works    nuances of copyright law in those jurisdictions. Our
and to communicate that waiver to others, and 2) providing      strategy and schedule for accomplishing these goals will
a means by which any person can assert that there are           be based on feedback from our international project [6]
no copyrights in a particular work, in a way that allows        jurisdiction leads, who are responsible for the same
others to judge the reliability of that assertion.              process for our existing tools.

As announced [2] on CC’s 5th anniversary, today we are          Norms
announcing a beta of the CC0 user interface [3] and
technical specification [4] and discussion drafts of the CC0    One of the use cases for CC0 is the Protocol for
legal tools:                                                    Implementing Open Access Data, [7] also announced [8] in
                                                                conjunction with CC’s 5th birthday. In addition to fulfilling
The CC0 Waiver will enable the author or owner of a             the protocol’s legal requirements, the CC0 technical
work to affirm the copyright and related or neighboring         infrastructure will also support the assertion of non-legal
legal rights that he or she has in a work, and then to fully,   community norms in conjunction with a work, beginning
permanently and irrevocably waive those rights. By              with the norm of citation in the context of science.
making this waiver, the Affirmer effectively dedicates all
copyright or related legal interests he or she held in the      Discussion
work to the public domain – “no rights reserved”. The
CC0 Waiver (United States) will be an effective legal tool      Feedback on the legal tools should be directed to the cc-
within the US and any other jurisdictions with equivalent       licenses mailing list. Only subscribers may post and the
law. It will also be offered as a template indicating the       list is moderated so that off-topic posts do not burden
scope of most of the rights that must be covered in other       subscribers. To join go to
jurisdictions in order to effect an equivalent dedication to    listinfo/cc-licenses
the public domain. Some jurisdictions may need to address
additional rights, for example “sui generis” database rights    Similarly, technology feedback should be directed to http:/
and specific rights to data.                                    /

The CC0 Assertion [5] will provide a means by which any         General comments may be directed to http://
person may assert that there are no copyrights in a work,
within a system that permits others to judge the reliability
of the assertion, based on the Asserter’s identity and other    These discussions will be summarized at http://
information the Asserter may provide. The CC0 Assertion
(United States) is intended to address copyright status under
US law. The Assertion may not be appropriate for Works          Deployment
created in or whose copyright status is governed by the
law of other jurisdictions.                                     The CC0 beta and drafts referenced above are only
                                                                intended to be used for testing and feedback. The beta/
                                                                discussion period will last a minimum of one month and

                                                                 CC0 > 21

                                                                                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

CC Legal News

by Eric Steuer                                                    effectively implemented by numerous creators and
17 December 2007                                                  intermediaries who enable a simple way to move between                      the sharing and commercial economies. CC+ provides              a lightweight standard around these best practices and is
                                                                  available for implementation immediately.
We are very excited to announce the launch of the CC+[1]
(aka CC Plus) and CC0[2] (aka CC Zero) programs. These            Creative Commons will collaborate with commercial rights
are major additions to the Creative Commons array of              agencies and other companies to build upon CC’s
legal tools.                                                      metadata architecture and give the public simple “click-
                                                                  through” access to commercial rights and other
In a nutshell, CC+ is a protocol to enable a simple way           opportunities beyond the scope of a public CC license.
for users to get rights beyond those granted by a CC              Companies and organizations announcing support for
license. Meanwhile, CC0 is a protocol that enables people         CC+ include Yahoo!,, Beatpick, Jamendo,
to either assert that a work has no legal restrictions attached   RightsAgent, Youlicense, Strayform, Cloakx, and Copyright
to it or waive any rights associated with a work so it has        Clearance Center.
no legal restrictions attached to it. The program also
provides an easy way to sign these assertions or waivers.         “The CC+ initiative adds an exciting new dimension that
                                                                  enables a commercial element to co-exist within the
San Francisco — December 17, 2007                                 Creative Commons framework,” said Rudy Rouhana, co-
                                                                  founder of RightsAgent, Inc — provider of a new service
Today, Creative Commons announced the launch of CC0               that automates licensing to permit re-use and monetization
(aka CC Zero) and CC+ (aka CC Plus). These programs               of user-generated content. “RightsAgent is delighted to
are major additions to CC’s array of free legal tools.            be one of the first companies to implement the CC+
                                                                  standard. The working relationship between RightsAgent
CC+                                                               and Creative Commons now provides both a transactional
                                                                  and commercial layer that will help further the success of
CC+ is a protocol to enable a simple way for users to get         Creative Commons and the success of this initiative,” said
rights beyond the rights granted by a CC license. For             Rouhana.
example, a Creative Commons license might offer
noncommercial rights. With CC+, the license can also              CC0
provide a link to enter into transactions beyond access to
noncommercial rights — most obviously commercial                  CC0 is a protocol that enables people to either (a) ASSERT
rights, but also services of use such as warranty and ability     that a work has no legal restrictions attached to it, or (b)
to use without attribution, or even access to physical            WAIVE any rights associated with a work so it has no legal
media.                                                            restrictions attached to it, and (c) SIGN the assertion or
“Imagine you have all of your photos on Flickr, offered to
the world under the CC Attribution-NonCommercial                  “In some ways, CC0 is similar to what our public domain
license,” said Lawrence Lessig, CEO of Creative                   dedication does now,” said Lessig. “But with CC0, the
Commons. “CC+ will enable you to continue offering                waiver of rights will be more robust internationally, and
your work to the public for noncommercial use, but will           both the waiver and assertion will be vouched for, so that
also give you an easy way to sell commercial licensing            there is a platform for reputation systems to develop.
rights to those who want to use your work for profit.”            People will then be able to judge the reliability of content’s
                                                                  copyright status based on who has done the certifying.”
The CC+ architecture was pioneered by early adopter
CC-enabled businesses such as and is
                                                                   CC+ and CC0 Launched > 22
International                                                   International
D ANISH C OLLECTING S OCIETY                                    CC HONG KONG                       BEGINS PUBLIC
KODA TEA MS UP WITH CC                                          DISCUSSION

by Michelle Thorne                                              by Catharina Maracke
31 January 2008                                                 3 January 2008          

Creative Commons Denmark [1] has just announced[2] that         It’s with great pleasure to announce that the CC project in
KODA,[3] the Danish Authors’ Society, is now offering           Hong Kong has entered the public discussion for their
noncommercial Creative Commons licensing to its                 localized license draft. [1] We would like to congratulate
members - making it the second country worldwide to do          the CC Team in Hong Kong, lead by Dr. Yahong Li and
so. A similar pilot project[4] was initiated in 2007 by Buma/   Alice Lee (The University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law) [2]
Stemra[5] in the Netherlands. Both show that collective         as well as Rebecca MacKinnon[3] (Journalism and Media
rights management and Creative Commons licenses can             Studies Center). [4]
be combined to the benefit of creators. As Paul Keller of
Creative Commons Netherlands[6] notes, “Creators can            Please feel invited to join the Hong Kong team in discussing
rely on the strength of collective rights management for        and reviewing their license draft and help the licenses to
commercial uses of their works, while taking                    be adapted to Hong Kong law. The role of the discussion
noncommercial online distribution into their own hands          is to start the public debate and to make the least amount
by using Creative Commons licenses.”                            of changes necessary to bring the licenses into accord
                                                                with Hong Kong law (
KODA’s adoption of Creative Commons licensing marks             Worldwide_Overview). We expect the archived discussions
a breakthrough for Danish composers and lyricists wanting       to serve as a history of this experience. That way, your
to explore new ways of making their work available online       input will continue to be useful to anyone from any country
while at the same time collecting commercial royalties          even after the discussion for Hong Kong is completed.
through KODA.
                                                                We are looking forward to an interesting and fruitful
Members must sign an agreement with the KODA in                 discussion!
which they indicate which works they wish to license, and
for the purpose of this arrangement, only Creative              Endnotes
Commons licenses with the “noncommercial” condition
can be used.                                                    1
For more information about this exciting initiative and
other Danish projects, please visit CC Denmark’s website            Itemid,33/
(Danish).[7] And for those of you who missed it, last week      4
we posted[8] about the first album in Denmark to be
released under a CC license in cooperation with KODA:           Laihiu / Ryanne lai hiu yeung “creative commons HK legal
Tone’s[9] “Small Arm of the Sea” (download). [10]               team!” CC BY 2.0


     sea/                                                                       CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5


by Michelle Thorne                                               community music metadatabase that uses CC licenses.
22 January 2008                                                  Furthermore, under other licensing conditions, the BBC                     has opened up its website to developers at
                                                        It also offers television and radio
                                                                 programs to stream or download through its iPlayer, [14]
Public broadcasters often ask themselves: how to better          although the player’s format has been the source of some
enable tax payers to access the works that they have paid        criticism. [15]
for? This was the question that the BBC, the public
broadcaster for the United Kingdom, addressed [1] in 2004        The BBC’s dedication to public access has helped inspire
during the debate over its charter renewal. The result of        several other open projects for European public
their deliberations was a yearlong pilot, the Creative           broadcasters. In November 2007 the Norddeutscher
Archive Licensing Group project, [2] launched in                 Rundfunk (NDR), [16] a public radio and television
September 2005.                                                  broadcaster in Germany’s national broadcasting
                                                                 consortium ARD, announced [17] that they will use CC
The objective of the Creative Archive was to make BBC            licenses for some of their programs. The six-month pilot
material available online to UK citizens. The content was        has so far generated positive coverage,[18] and it is hoped
released under a Creative Archive Licence,[3] a license          that its services will be continued.
similar in some respects to the Creative Commons
Attribution Non-Commerical ShareAlike License,[4] but            Also, the Danish Broadcasting Corporation [19] features
more restrictive in that it allowed only non-profit              CC-licensed images and content on its website, and it
educational & personal use, forbade promotional or               was the first broadcaster to purchase and air the CC-
campaign use, and limited these rights to within the UK.         licensed documentary, Good Copy Bad Copy.[20] In the
                                                                 Netherlands, the public broadcasting network VPRO[21]
During the pilot period, the Creative Archive received           has implemented CC licenses for its 3voor12 Plundert
much praise. At its conclusion in September 2006, the            Musea[22] project, which makes available samples from
BBC had released [5] nearly 500 clips, full programs, audio      rare musical instruments, and furthermore the Dutch
tracks, and images. As the recent director of the Creative       broadcaster also promotes CC music on its radio show
Archive Paul Gerhardt noted in an interview,[6] viewers          Wissel.[23] Also of note is Images for the Future,[24] a joint
respected the licenses, and during the trial period, only        project funded by the Dutch government to digitize nearly
two minor licensing breaches had been reported.                  3 million photos, 140,000 hours of audio, and 150,000
However, a hurdle [7] for the initiative was the fact that the   hours of video & film, which is another great example of
Creative Archive could only license simple rights material       efforts to preserve the commons through online public
from the BBC, which meant that no third-party                    access to cultural resources.
programming could be included in the Archive.
                                                                 However, despite many positive strides, creators working
Still, as Herkko Hietanen points out in Community Created        for public broadcasters still often find themselves at odds
Content,[8] “The [Creative Archive] was in line with BBC’s       with their institutions’ more traditional copyright policies.
goal ‘ to turn the BBC into an open cultural and creative        In-house legal departments can be reluctant to embrace
resource for the nation’.”[9] The Creative Archive was           user-generated content, remixes, downloads, and third-
indeed a significant step for public interest and one of the     party material, and at times, they may endorse restrictive
BBC’s most applauded initiatives. [10] And so, although the      DRM while resisting new and open media formats. As
Creative Archive is not longer in active use, the philosophy     more and more publicly-funded content goes online, it is
of open licensing has continued to grow within the BBC.          important enable and empower users, rather than leaving
                                                                 enriching material to digitally decay.
Today several departments in the BBC publish content
under Creative Commons licenses: album reviews (for
example)[11] and a partnership [12] with MusicBrainz,[13] a       Public Broadcasters > 23

by Michelle Thorne                                                by the event’s organizer, Tyng-Ruey Chuang from CC
24 January 2008                                                   Taiwan.
                                                                  The social program picked up as the sun set with the CC
                                                                  Asia Mega Mix Concert featuring acts by Monbaza;[19]
Reports are pouring in from ACIA: the International               Pig Head Skin;[20] MoShang[21] (video),[22] Kuo Chou
Workshop on Asia and Commons in the Information Age,[1]           Ching, [23] Chang Jui-chuan, [24] and André van
held on January 19-20 in Taipei, Taiwan. The resounding           Rensburg,[25] Bust This,[26] Sudev Bangah,[27] and Lisa
conclusion: it was a phenomenal success!                          Diy.[28]

The workshop, organized by CC Taiwan [2] and hosted at            There are plenty of pictures. [29] Formal proceedings from
Academica Sinica,[3] focused on bringing together                 ACIA [30] are available for download, and of course the
members of the “Asia Commons” to meet and discuss                 case studies [31] and discussion summary[32] are well worth
regional strategies and initiatives. The program[4] opened        a read.
with a keynote by Terry Fischer on “Solutions to the
copyright crisis,”[5] in which he sought to combine legal
reforms and business models with digital technologies that        1
compensate creators while enabling cultural and economic          2
benefits. Both Ts’ui-jung Liu, VP of Academia Sinica, and         3
Der Tsai Lee, director of the Institute of Information Science,   4
Academia Sinica, were at the opening ceremonies and               5
delivered greetings to the workshop participants.                       program:solutions-to-the-copyright-crisis
CC Vice President Mike Linksvayer chaired a session                     making-of-a-totally-open-phone
featuring plans for “The Making a Totally Open Phone”,[6]
Sony’s integration of CC licensing for their eyeVio video         8
sharing service,[7] techniques in musical collaboration with            program:jamming-with-machines
“Jamming with Machines”,[8] and “Making Creative                  9
Commons Common in Asia”[9] by CC’s Jon Phillips                         program:making-creative-commons-common-in-asia
(slides).[10]                                                     10
Later in the day, CC Australia [11] Project Manager Jessica       11
Coates presented open licensing compatibility in “Playing         12
Well With Others”[12] at a panel with Chunyan Wang from
CC China Mainland [13] and Alina Ng from CC Malaysia.[14]         14
The CC Team from Australia and the Creative Commons               15
Clinic[15] also announced the release of the Asia and the         16
Commons case studies booklet,[16] a fantastic collection                asiaandthecommons%20
of reports on individuals and organizations engaged in            17
the commons in the Asia-Pacific region.                                 does-an-asian-commons-mean
Their work was followed by Lawrence Liang and his debate                res-nullius-to-res-communis
about concepts, “How Does An Asian Commons Mean.”[17]
The ACIA workshop drew to an close with Chu-Cheng                 21
Huang’s final remarks on the changing phases of property
in “From res nullius to res communis,”[18] a session chaired
                                                                      ACIA > 23

                                                                                   CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

P HILIPPINES INTRODUCES                               LOC ALLY PORTED                    C REATIVE

by Michelle Thorne                                                licenses, followed by the inauguration of the Philippine
14 December 2007                                                  Commons, a collaboration fostering alternative licensing,                      free and open source software, open education, and free              culture in the region.

On December 15 in Pasay City, Metro Manila, the 42nd              Dr. Catharina Maracke, Director of Creative Commons
locally ported Creative Commons licensing suite will be           International, thanks the CC Philippines Team for all their
launched for the Philippines. The Creative Commons                efforts, and she remarks, “The licensing project in the
Team[1] in the Philippines, lead by Atty. Jaime N. Soriano,       Philippines is a strong step towards strengthening and
have worked under the auspices of the e-Law Center at             cultivating the global commons. The Philippines joins
the Arellano University School of Law[2] and in collaboration     neighboring Malaysia, launched two years ago, in offering
with Creative Commons International[3] to port the licenses       completed localized CC licenses. With upcoming
to Philippine national law.                                       jurisdictions in Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, and
                                                                  Indonesia, this region within Asia will continue to thrive
In a prelude to a larger celebration planned in January           and enjoy its vibrant remix-reuse community.”
2008, CC Philippines will unveil the licenses at 2pm PST
at an event held in Arellano University’s School of Law.          The launch event in Pasay City will continue later in the
                                                                  evening as a birthday party for Creative Commons, as
After the ceremonies, the evening will continue on as             part of a series of synchronized celebrations worldwide
Birthday Party 2007 Manila,[4] as part of a series of             to commemorate Creative Commons’ fifth year.
synchronized celebrations worldwide[5] to commemorate
Creative Commons’ fifth year.                                     About Arellano University School of Law (AUSL)

Congratulations, CC Philippines!                                  The Arellano University School of Law (AUSL), a non-
                                                                  stock non-profit institution, is named after the First Chief
December 15, 2007 — San Francisco, CA, USA and Pasay              Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, Cayetano S.
City, Metro Manila, Philippines                                   Arellano, and established in 1938. Today it boasts more
                                                                  than six decades of providing quality legal education. The
Today in Pasay City, the 42nd locally ported Creative             foremost objective of the school is to create global lawyers:
Commons licensing suite will be launched for the                  practitioners who are deeply educated in the law, practice-
Philippines. The Creative Commons licenses, now legally           ready, and devoted to service not only in the local but
adapted to Philippine law, enable authors, artists, scientists,   also the international community. Arellano Law prides itself
and educators the choice of a flexible range of protections       for being one of the most populous law schools in the
and freedoms in efforts to promote a voluntary “some              Philippines with faculty members who have distinguished
rights reserved” approach to copyright.                           themselves in law practice, the judiciary, government
                                                                  service, and the academe. The law school furthermore is
The Creative Commons team members in the Philippines,             one of the few schools in the Philippines that produces
lead by Atty. Jaime N. Soriano, have worked under the             the most number of lawyers in the annual bar examinations
auspices of the e-Law Center at the Arellano University           administered by the Supreme Court.
School of Law and in collaboration with Creative Commons
to port the licenses to their national jurisdiction.              For more information, please visit http://
In a prelude to a larger celebration planned in January
2008, CC Philippines will unveil the licenses today at
2pm PST at an event held in Arellano University’s School
of Law. Atty. Michael Vernon M. Guerrero, jurisdiction
deputy project lead of CC Philippines, will introduce the          ACIA > 22

by Michelle Thorne                                          The festivities will continue at the Cultural Center Magacin,
15 December 2007                                            where guests will join the CC Serbia Team in greeting the                globally synchronized Creative Commons Birthday Parties                via webcast. The international birthday parties are being
                                                            coordinated by local chapters around the world to
The much-anticipated global celebration of Creative         commemorate Creative Commons’ fifth year in a series
Commons’ fifth year is amplified today with the             of celebrations culminating in San Francisco on December
announcement of the locally ported Creative Commons         15th from 10pm-2am PST.
licensing suite in Serbia. In close collaboration with,[1] Wikimedia Serbia,[2] and the New    The party in Belgrade will then head to Club Andergraund
Media center Kuda_org,[3] the Creative Commons Team         at 10pm CET with live acts from artists MistakeMistake,
in Serbia,[4] lead by Nevenka Antic, has successfully       Crobot, Wolfgang S, Ah, Ahilej, and Electric Divine.
adapted the Creative Commons licenses both linguistically
and legally to Serbian national law.The ported Serbian      CC Serbia’s Public Project Lead Vladimir Jeric thanks the
licenses, available online soon, will be celebrated on      Serbian community for their support, and he expresses
December 15th in Belgrade[5] at Dom omladine at             the team’s appreciation for the public’s input during the
5:00pm CET. The festivities will continue at the Cultural   discussion of the Serbian licenses, which he reports
Center Magacin, where guests will join the CC Serbia        “assured us that we are on the right way regarding meeting
Team in greeting the globally synchronized Creative         the demands from the side of both ‘content producers’
Commons Birthday Parties[6] via webcast.                    and ‘users.’”

The party in Belgrade then heads to Club Andergraund        The CC Serbia Team hopes to present the first collection
at 10pm CET with live acts from artists MistakeMistake,     of locally-licensed CC works this spring.
Crobot, Wolfgang S, Ah, Ahilej, and Electric Divine. More
details about the event and the project can be found at     About
                                                   is an non-formal network based in
Congratulations, CC Serbia!                                 Belgrade. Acting as a kind of meta-organization
                                                            coordinating different initiatives and actions by different
December 15, 2007 — San Francisco, CA, USA and              individuals and organizations, it presents a collaborative
Belgrade, Serbia                                            platform for discussing and conducting various projects.
                                                            All of it’s projects are formally being conducted trough
The much-anticipated global celebration of Creative         one or several of it’s member organizations with the formal
Commons’ fifth year is amplified today with the             status. is the part of
announcement of the locally ported Creative Commons, and it helps in building the tools
licensing suite in Serbia. In close collaboration with      requested from within the society in order to introduce, Wikimedia Serbia, and New Media        different social codes. Fundraising and management for
center Kuda_org, the Creative Commons Team in Serbia,       the localization of the Creative Commons licenses is being
lead by Nevenka Antic, has successfully adapted the         carried out by Bureau for Culture and Communication
Creative Commons licenses both linguistically and legally   Beograd (, a member of
to Serbian national law.                           network.

The ported the Serbian licenses, available soon online,     For more information, please visit:
will be celebrated today in Belgrade at Dom omladine at     and
5:00pm CET. Speakers at the event include Slobodan
Markovic from ICANN, Ivan Jelic & Desiree Miloshevich
of the Free Software Network and the Internet Society,       Serbia > 23
and Marcell Mars from CC Croatia and MAMA.

                                                                            CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

Congratulations, shoutouts, use cases, and interesting tidbits

RIGHTSAGENT AND CC+                                             N EW Y ORK T IMES C ONTINUES
                                                                POLLING PHOTO PROJECT

by Cameron Parkins                                              by Timothy Vollmer
7 January 2008                                                  9 January 2008          

RightsAgent, [1] a “provider of copyright management            The New York Times has reignited its Polling Place Photo
solutions for user-generated content”, launched a little        Project,[1] a “nationwide experiment in citizen journalism
over a month ago with much promise. RightsAgent is built        that encourages voters to capture, post and share
specifically with CC in mind and aims to streamline             photographs of this year’s primaries, caucuses and
commercial transactions for CC NC licensed works, giving        general election.” All participant photos are published
content creators a platform to “perform copyright               under a Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives
transactions with those who wish to license their work”         license.[2] This license allows for redistribution, commercial
commercially. This is an implementation of what we              and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along
recentlly [2] coined [3] CC+.[4] RightsAgent currently          unchanged and in whole, with credit to the author.
supports both Flickr[5] and Revver[6] users, with more
content directories on the way. Although a month late           Alongside the photos, contributors are encouraged to
(but nonetheless informative), check out this interview [7]     submit additional information like polling place
with RightsAgent co-founders John Palfrey and Rudy              descriptions, voting conditions and personal experiences.
Rouhana to get a better idea for RightsAgent has in store:      The Times says, “By documenting local voting experiences,
                                                                participants can contribute to an archive of photographs
Creative Commons itself, five years ago when it was             that captures the richness and complexity of voting in
founded, filled an extraordinarily important gap in the         America.” Browse some of the photos[3] and then help
marketplace. It was very difficult if not impossible for        document democracy by sharing your own.
somebody to give away some rights [to their work] and
retain other rights. CC became an extremely simple way          Endnotes
to do that. Five years later, what’s clear is that there is
great value in what some people are generating online,          1
and the gap we think RightsAgent will fill now is that          2
sometimes you want to give away some rights and
sometimes you want to get compensated for what you’ve           4
done. In some context, you might want to license your               how_to_participate
work freely under CC, and in other contexts you might
want to get paid. This system allows you that flexibility. In
the same way that Paypal created a simple platform for
paying for any e-commerce item on the Web, our idea is
to create the same kind of mechanism for the sale of
Web 2.0, “user-generated content.”


7                 Photo by Jodi Sperber / CC BY-ND (
    generated-content-doesnt-want-to-be-free-a-qa-with-         licenses/by-nd/3.0/)

by Timothy Vollmer
8 December 2007

                                                               world the ability to copy, remix and share the materials,
                                                               as long as they do so for non-commercial purposes.

                                                               MIT has been a visionary leader for the growing OCW
                                                               movement. Creative Commons will continue to work hard
                                                               to support clear, flexible licensing options for various Open
                                                               Educational Resource (OER) projects. If you have your
                                                               own open content success story, alert us! We encourage
                                                               other organizations to add their projects to our Content
                                                               Directories.[4] This useful resource helps spread the word
                                                               about a wealth of great open content ventures.

                                                               Watch for the video of MIT’s celebratory event (which
Image courtesy Steve Carson | CC BY-NC- SA (http://            featured New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman                 and a diverse panel of key educators and scholars) to
Congratulations to MIT’s OpenCourseWare[1] (OCW)               appear soon over at MITWorld. [5]
initiative, which has recently passed[2] the 1,800-course
mark. First announced in 2001, MIT OCW has grown               Endnotes
from a 50-course pilot to a site that includes virtually the
entire MIT undergraduate and graduate curriculum.              1
Like many OCW projects, MIT uses the Creative Commons          4
Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike[3] license, giving       5
educators, students and self learners from around the


by Timothy Vollmer                                             team at the Scholarly Communications Office tackle some
26 December 2007                                               interesting and timely issues such as copyright in the                   classroom, authors’ rights, fair use and digital rights
                                                               management. Fantastic work — a must add[4] to your RSS
In addition to releasing[1] most of their library website      reader!
content under a Creative Commons license,[2] the Duke
University Libraries Scholarly Communications Office[3]        Endnotes
has been posting a series of helpful “Copyright Widgets.”
These short, information-packed notes provide some
extremely useful copyright guidance to educators,              2
researchers and others looking for digestible clarification    3
on some complicated legal issues. Kevin Smith and the          4

                                                                               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

Congratulations, shoutouts, use cases, and interesting tidbits

“O PEN Y ALE C OURSES ” D EBUTS                              CITIZENDIUM SAYS “OUR                        GIFT TO
ONLINE                                                       THE WORLD: CC-BY-SA”

by Timothy Vollmer                                           by Mike Linksvayer
11 December 2007                                             21 December 2007       

Today Yale College[1] announced Open Yale Courses,           The Citizendium[1] encyclopedia project today announced[2]
thereby making a collection of Yale courses freely           it had chosen to use the Creative Commons Attribution-
available online. Along with MIT’s recent announcement,[2]   ShareAlike license[3] after very serious consideration of
this is fantastic news for the open education movement.      all of the options — see project founder Larry Sanger’s
                                                             22,000 word essay on the choice. [4]
“Open Yale Courses,” presents unique access to the full
content of a selection of college-level courses and makes    In short, Sanger argues that adopting the CC-by-sa license
them available in various formats, including downloadable    is most in line with the project’s top goal, of “giving the
and streaming video, audio only and searchable transcripts   broadest access to vast amounts of high-quality reference
of each lecture. Syllabi, reading assignments, problem       content,” as well as the main mean to this end, of
sets and other materials accompany the courses.”             motivating participants. The project rejected a license (CC-
                                                             by-nc-sa) that would forbid commercial reuse, an issue
Over the coming years, Yale will work in expanding the       on which “Citizens” were evenly divided.
open curriculum to include another 30 courses, and will
also reach out to music and the arts. With Open Yale         The project will in coming months turn to recruitment and
Courses, the school has embarked on an international         expanding its governance processes. The changes are
open education campaign, working to build ties with          anticipated to greatly increase the rate at which articles
curricula in China, India, Argentina and other countries.    are approved by Citizendium expert editors.

Most of the content on Open Yale Courses is released         The full press release is available at http://
under the Creative Commons BY-NC-SA[3] license,    
enabling users to download, redistribute and remix course    Dec212007
materials for noncommercial purposes. Users are
encouraged to build upon the content to produce new          Endnotes
lectures or other educational tools.
Read the full press release at      2
newsr/07-12-11-00.all.html                                       CZ:Citizendium_Press_Releases/Dec212007

    4 < Wikipedia and Creative Commons                                                    7 < Florida Reading Teachers

related discussion will and should continue on Wikimedia                              Endnotes
and other lists.
                                                                                      1 -news/
Thanks again to the WMF and FSF, and thanks in advance                                      ?i=51790;_hbguid=b14a2fb0-5e8b-41fd-a634-
to you, the community, for the work that is ongoing and                                     9ede967aa7b0
about to begin!
Endnotes                                                                              5
2                                     10 < Semantic Dogfoods
                                                                                      module. A description of the namespace[13] is also
5                                       Endnotes
7                           1
    4 < Public Sector Information                                                     4     h t t p : / / e n . w i k i p e d i a . o r g / w i k i /
      underlines the need for adopting CC0 (at least                                  5     h t t p : / / e n . w i k i p e d i a . o r g / w i k i /
      the CC0 assert component) to the specificities                                        Resource_Description_Framework
      (database rights, moral rights) of the European                                 6
      context.                                                                        7
      All the best from Amsterdam,
      Paul Keller
Creative commons licensing for public sector information:                                   license.rdf/trunk/
Opportunities and pitfalls, M.M.M. van Eechoud & B. van                               13
der Wal, Institute for Information Law, 2007: http://
w w w . i v i r. n l / p u b l i c a t i o n s / e e c h o u d /                          11 < CC0
                                                                                      most likely include several incremental betas and drafts,
Endnotes                                                                              depending on community feedback.

1                                                      If your organization plans significant support for CC0 upon
2     h t t p : / / w w w. i v i r. n l / p u b l i c a t i o n s / e e c h o u d /   its release for production use, please contact
      CC_PublicSectorInformation_report_v3.pdf                               concerning potential

    5 < Make Textbooks Affordable                                                     Endnotes

      Please consider signing it!
For more information, to view a list of signatories, and to                           4
submit your signature, visit the Make Textbooks Affordable                                  CCZero_Technical_Overview
campaign website. [3]                                                                 5
Endnotes                                                                              6
1                                              access-data-protocol/
2                                               8
3                                 16/announcing-protocol-for-oa-data/

                                                                                                       CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

                                                                Science Commons protocol integrates the primary legal
  12 < CC+ and CC0 Launched
                                                                options around data into a single Open Access regime,”
CC0 was previewed at Creative Commons’ 5th birthday             said John Wilbanks, Vice President for Science Commons.
event this past weekend in San Francisco. A beta version        Data in the sciences is most useful when it’s in the public
of the protocol will be released for public discussion on       domain, like the human genome and all the information
January 15, 2008. This will include the traditional             at the US National Center for Biotechnology Information.
components of the CC architecture — legal code, human-          This protocol, and its implementation by Talis and the Open
readable explanation, machine-readable metadata, and            Database License, creates a legal tool for data creators
tools. The Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard     to put their data into the same legal zone as the genome
Law School will collaborate with Creative Commons on            and other key fundamental research resources.”
drafting the legal code for CC0.
                                                                “We’ve recognized the importance of Open Access data
In conjunction with the CC0 announcement, Creative              at Talis for a number of years, and it was an obvious step
Commons’ project Science Commons launched the                   for us to work with Jordan Hatcher and Dr. Charlotte
“Protocol for Implementing Open Access Data” — a                Waelde to validate our earlier efforts and to place them
method for ensuring that scientific databases can be legally    in a sound legal framework from which others could also
integrated with one another. The protocol is built on the       benefit,” said Dr. Paul Miller, Talis’ Technology Evangelist.
public domain status of data in many countries (including       “Looking at CC0 and the Creative Commons’ Science
the United States) and provides legal certainty to both         Commons project, the synergies with our own license
data deposit and data use. Science Commons has worked           development were immediately apparent. We shall now
with data licensing thought leaders and is pleased to           be working together with Creative Commons and the
announce partnerships with Jordan Hatcher and Dr.               license’s new hosts at the Open Knowledge Foundation
Charlotte Waelde, the legal team behind the Open                to see the pool of remixable data grow, for the benefit of
Database License; Talis, the company behind the Open            all.”
Database License process; and the Open Knowledge
Foundation, creators of the Open Knowledge Definition.          Endnotes

“The ‘freedom to integrate’ is one of the fundamental           1
freedoms for data on the Web, and in one stroke, the            2

                                                                for Open and Sustainable Learning; Open Society Institute;
  6 < Learning Materials Online
                                                                and Shuttleworth Foundation.
Yehuda Elkana, Rector of the Central European University.
Organizations endorsing the Declaration include:                To read or sign the Cape Town Open Education
Wikimedia Foundation; Public Library of Science;                Declaration,      please     visit:  http://
Commonwealth of Learning; Scholarly Publishing and    
Academic Resources Coalition; Canonical Ltd.; Centre

  16 < Philippines
                                                                support, and linkages in the field of information and
                                                                communication technology as it affects the Philippine legal
About the e-Law Center (AUSL)                                   system.

The e-Law Center was founded in November 2002 under             Endnotes
the auspices of the Arellano University School of Law,
following the launching of the school’s LAWPHiL Project,
which is considered one of the most popular on-line and         3
electronic databases of Philippine law and jurisprudence        4
that is accessible for free to the general public. The Center       Birthday_Party_2007_Manila
is pursuing projects in research, publication, policy           5
initiatives and advocacy, capability building, academic
 14 < Public Broadcasters                                                    17 < Serbia

If readers have any additional examples of CC license                       About Wikimedia Serbia
usage in public broadcasting, we invite you to include
them on our Content Directories wiki.                                       Wikimedia Serbia, formed in 2005, is a non-profit
                                                                            independent organization, based in Belgrade. It is included
Endnotes                                                                    in the international network of non-profit and independent
                                                                            organizations sharing the goals of free knowledge issues
1                        as well as improving and participating in the global
     bbc_royal_charter_and_agreement/                                       collection of educational content under free licenses or in
                                                                            the public domain. Wikimedia Serbia supports free
                                                                            knowledge Community and free knowledge projects
     uk/prov/                                                               building the Community in Serbia and providing the
4                      projects in Serbian language. The projects are coordinated
5                by the Wikimedia Foundation, the non-profit parent
6                            organization of various multilingual free content projects,
7                     such as Wikipedia, the famous online encyclopedia, and
     paul_gerhardts.html                                                    Wikimedia Commons, the repository for free video,
8    h t t p : / / t u r r e . c o m /                                      images, music and other media.
                                                                            More information:
     Building_Public_Value.pdf                                              About New Media
10                                                 New Media is an independent
11                               organization which brings together artists, theoreticians,
12                          media activists, researchers and the wider public in the
     the_bbc_partner.html                                                   field of Information and Communication Technologies. In
                                                                            this respect, is dedicated to the research of new
                                                                            cultural relations, contemporary artistic practice, and social
16                                                     issues.’s work focuses on questions concerning
17                           the influence of the electronic media on society, on the
18                           creative use of new communication technologies, and on
19                                                      contemporary cultural and social policy. Some of the main
20                                        issues include interpretation and analysis of the history
21                                                    and significance of the information society, the potential
22                    of information itself, and the diffusion of its influence on
                                                                            political, economic and cultural relationships in
                                                                            contemporary society. New Media
                                                                            opens space for both cultural dialog and alternative
 15 < ACIA                                                                  methods of education and research.

22                             More information:
24                                   Endnotes
26   h t t p : / / w w w. g r o o v e s t o r e . c o . k r / a l b u m /   1
     album_view.php?goods_code=G1196752169                                  2
27                                     3
28                         4
     lisa_diy.htm                                                           5
29                           Birthday_Party_and_Launch_Event_2007_Belgrade
                                                                                            CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 5

Congratulations, shoutouts, use cases, and interesting tidbits


by Rebecca Rojer
14 December 2007

                                                               Sharing Creative Works is also part of our efforts to
                                                               integrate Creative Commons licensing into the OLPC,[8]
                                                               so we’ve specifically designed it be kid-friendly (though
                                                               we hope adults will enjoy it too!). This comic will serve as
                                                               the foundation of the documentation for the Sugar
                                                               Licensing Activity[9] but will be customized for each
                                                               country’s distribution, so please let us know if you have
                                                               suggestions for making this document as culturally
                                                               accessible as possible.

                                                               If you like what you see, consider donating to our
                                                               fundraising campaign.[10] But most importantly, please
                                                               enjoy Sharing Creative Works–[11] share it with your
                                                               friends, leave us your feedback, and make your own
We are happy to announce the publication of our brand          versions!
new comic, Sharing Creative Works: An Illustrated
Primer.[1] We hope this piece will serve as a friendly and
easy-to-understand overview of copyright and CC                1  h t t p : / / w w w. c r e a t i v e c o m m o n s . o r g / p r o j e c t s /
licensing. This way, the next time someone asks you to            Sharing_Creative_Works
explain Creative Commons and you’re not sure where to          2
begin, you can just direct them to our primer.                 3
Its been a while since we’ve updated our previous comics[2]    5
and this one features a completely new visual style designed   6
by Alex Roberts,[3] with some help from Rebecca Rojer.[4]      7
Together with Jon Phillips[5] they also drafted the script.
But, we want this to be an asset of and for the community,     9
so the entire project has been released into the public        10
domain.[6] For ease of translation & remixing, the artwork     11 h t t p : / / c r e a t i v e c o m m o n s . o r g / p r o j e c t s /
is all available in SVG format and the text is all up on the      Sharing_Creative_Works
wiki.[7] Please contribute!

About Creative Commons
Creative Commons is a not-for-profit organization, founded in 2001, that promotes the creative re-use of intellectual
and artistic works, whether owned or in the public domain. Through its free copyright licenses, Creative Commons
offers authors, artists, scientists, and educators the choice of a flexible range of protections and freedoms that build
upon the "all rights reserved" concept of traditional copyright to enable a voluntary "some rights reserved" approach.
Creative Commons was built with and is sustained by the generous support of organizations including the Center for
the Public Domain, the Omidyar Network, The Rockefeller Foundation, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur
Foundation, and The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, as well as members of the public.
For more information about Creative Commons, visit