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Creative Commons Newsletter No.6


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                             N      E      W   S   L   E   T   T   E     R   Issue No. 6                           April 2008 1
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

Dear All,

Over the past 10 months I’ve compiled and sent you newsletters that (to me) relay the most
interesting and informative links from the CC blog - a one stop (email) shop for current CC-
related news. But now that I have a number of these newsletters under my belt, I’m beginning
to wonder how I can make them better. So, in an attempt to improve the ccNewsletter, I’ve
decided to tweak the format. From now on, in order to provide you with a more comprehensive
overview of what we are working on here at CC, each newsletter will begin with an update
from one of CC’s projects. The first being Creative Commons International.

Melissa Reeder                                                                                 Alex Roberts, “Melissa Reeder.”
Development Manager                                                                            CC BY 3.0
Creative Commons

CCi News: Inside Scoop                                           24      Tone Releases Small Arm of Sea
3    Creative Commons International                              25      German public broadcaster adopts CC license
                                                                         Heaps of Positive Coverage for CC Licenses on German
CCi Events: Launches                                                     TV
6    Creative Commons Licenses Launch in India                   26      Public Broadcasters Opt for CC
7    Launch of Creative Commons Switzerland                      27      Revised Guidelines For International License Porting
8    Macedonian versions of Creative Commons licenses                    Process
     presented                                                   31      Asia and the Commons Case Studies 2008
9    Creative Commons Licenses Launch in Greece                  32      Visit Planet Creative Commons
10   Luxembourg 40th Jurisdiction to Offer Ported Creative               First CC-licensed Photography Contest in China
     Commons Licenses                                            33      CC China Photo Contest
11   New Zealand Successfully Ports Creative Commons                     Panda Punk Lab: Inauguration in Chile
12   Serbia announces ported licenses on Creative                CC News
     Commons’ fifth year                                         34   Creative Commons Announces New Leadership, New
13   Philippine Launch Celebration: a vibrant member of the           Funding
     global commons                                              35   Approved for Free Cultural Works
14   Puerto Rico Launches Localized Creative Commons             36   CC0 beta/discussion draft feedback and next step
     Licenses                                                         CC Press Kit Relaunched

CCi Events: Version 3.0                                          Science Commons News
16   Version 3.0 Croatia goes live                               37    A commons-sense approach to winning the drug
                                                                       discovery lottery
CCi Events: Upcoming Jurisdictions                               38    Response to STM statement on author addenda
16   CC in Thailand: license draft in public discussion
     CC Hong Kong begins public discussion                       ccLearn   News
17   License drafts from Ecuador and Norway enter public         39      Bayanihan Books, an Open Textbook Initiative
     discussion                                                          OpenCourseWare Launched at United Nations
CCi Related Events
17   ACIA: International Workshop on Asia and Commons            CC Points of Interest
     in the Information Age                                      40   Wikitravel Press launches first printed titles
18   ACIA: Asia Commoners meet in Taipei                              Nebraska Library Commission adds CC-licensed books
19   COMMUNIA: public domain & alternative licensing                  to collection
     experts convene in Europe                                   41   Freeing America’s Operating System
     -2nd COMMUNIA Workshop: Ethical Public Domain               42   Is it possible to design non-defective DRM?
20   The 1st International Creative Commons Korea                43   Loops: Solo Dance, CC-Licensed
     Conference and Naver CC Integration                         44   Wireless Networking in the Developing World
21   First CC Korea International Conference                          Recycled Computers, Remixable Content for schools
     CCi Legal Day 2008                                          45   Encyclopedia of Life launches, publishes articles under
22   CC Nordic meeting                                                CC licenses
     Birthday Party 2007                                              Nine Inch Nails releases Ghosts I-IV under a Creative
                                                                      Commons license
CCi Points of Interest                                           46   Sound Copyright
23   Dutch Collecting Societies Welcome CC                            Diesel Sweeties Archive Released Under CC License
     Danish Collecting Society KODA teams up with CC             48   What good is a CC licensed specification?
     Denmark                                                     50   8.5 GB of CC-Licensed Samples for the OLPC
The Inside Scoop
Creative Commons International

Creative Commons International (CCi) is a project of Creative    • Launch of Swiss Creative Commons Licenses [audio
Commons that works towards linguistically and legally              files] (
adapting the Core Creative Commons licenses to copyright           ch_2007_05_26)
legislations around the world. A dynamic, international
network of legal experts and policy-makers volunteer to          Macedonia — June 19, 2007 in Skopje: Alongside
port and maintain the licenses in their jurisdiction. To date,   the successful launch event attended by 120 visitors,
there are 44 jurisdictions with ported licenses, and six more    Metamorphosis Foundation published the opening of the
scheduled to launch in 2008. This network consists of over       Macedonian portal intended for encouraging e-content
200 active affiliate members from nearly 70 countries.           development and their promotion.
Through coordination with CCi, these leaders promote             • Macedonian versions of Creative Commons licenses
a culture of creativity and legal sharing in the digital            presented (
environment and beyond.                                             view/929/26/lang,en/)
                                                                 • Creative Commons Content Portal for Macedonia
This network of volunteers is one of the foremost reasons          (
behind the growth and dissemination of Creative Commons
and we are forever indebted to them for their work and
                                                                 Greece — October 13, 2007 in Athens: The launch was
dedication to CC and the broader “open” movement. This
                                                                 celebrated at the Ceremonies Hall in the University of Athens,
newsletter is dedicated to all of the affiliates. Thank you so
                                                                 with a keynote address from Prof. Lawrence Lessig. The porting
much for your hard work, your dedication, and most notably
                                                                 of the licenses to Greek law was headed by Legal Project
- your patience, as we figure out how we can best support
                                                                 Leads Marinos Papadopoulos and Prodromos Tsiavos, with
                                                                 support from Public Project Lead Theodoros Karounos.
                                                                 • Creative Commons Licenses Launch in Greece
Launches                                                            (
                                                                 • Greek Creative Commons 3.0 Launch [video] (http://www.
Nine jurisdictions successfully ported the Creative Commons
licensing suite in 2007-2008. The completion of the license
porting is celebrated at a launch event hosted by the local
jurisdiction project.                                            Luxembourg — October 15, 2007 in Luxembourg: The
                                                                 launch of the Creative Commons licensing suite at the Public
India — January 26, 2007 in Bombay: The Indian versions          Research Center Henri Tudor (CRP) in Luxembourg marked
of the Creative Commons licenses were launched in the IIT        the 40th jurisdiction worldwide to offer Creative Commons
Bombay’s auditorium in Mumbai, at a ceremony held as             licenses adapted to national law.
part of the ‘IIT Techfest,’ IIT Bombay’s Annual International    • Luxembourg 40th Jurisdiction to Offer Ported Creative
Science and Technology festival.                                    Commons Licenses
• Creative Commons Licenses Launch in India                         (
   (        • CC-lu Launch Event 15.10 [program]
• Chitra Katha - Creative Commons Short Film Contest               (

Switzerland — May 24-26, 2007 in Zurich: The Swiss               New Zealand — October 27, 2007 in Wellington: The
version of Creative Commons licenses were launched in            launch was celebrated in Wellington at the National Library
Zurich at a ceremony held as the finishing highlight of this     in cooperation with Te Whā¡inga Aronui The Council for
year’s Tweakfest, Switzerland’s Festival for Media, Culture,     the Humanities. The event was followed by a free seminar
and Digital Lifestyle. The event was hosted by Digitale          hosted by Creative Commons Aotearoa New Zealand on
Allmend in coopreration with Openlaw.                            the new licensing environment in the digital world.
• Launch of Creative Commons Switzerland (http://www.            • Launch announcement                   (

                                                                                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

• Webcast & video files from launch                               Version 3.0
                                                                  The Netherlands and Croatia (
Serbia — December 15, 2007 in Belgrade: The much-                 weblog/entry/8150) upgraded their licenses to version 3.0,
anticipated global celebration of Creative Commons’ fifth         and six newly launched jurisdictions (Greece, Luxembourg,
year was amplified with the announcement of the launch            New Zealand, Serbia, Philippines, and Puerto Rico) started
of the locally ported Creative Commons licensing suite            at 3.0.
in Serbia. In collaboration with,
Wikimedia Serbia, and New Media center Kuda_org, the              Upcoming jurisdictions
Creative Commons Team in Serbia successfully adapted the
Creative Commons licenses both linguistically and legally to       The following jurisdiction projects are currently porting
Serbian national law.                                             the licenses and are expected to launch in the coming
• Serbia announces ported licenses on Creative Commons’           months.
  fifth year
  (                  Thailand:
• CCBit music compilation                                         • CC in Thailand: license draft in public discussion (http://
                                                                  • License Drafts
Philippines — December 15, 2007 in Manila: Following                (
the unveiling of the Philippine localized Creative Commons        Hong Kong:
licenses in December, citizens gathered on January 14th in        • CC Hong Kong begins public discussion
Manila at the Arellano University School of Law to celebrate        (
in full the public launch of the country’s completed licenses
                                                                  • License Drafts
and its strides towards fostering the global commons
• Philippine Launch Celebration: a vibrant member of the
                                                                  • License drafts from Ecuador and Norway enter public
   global commons
• Philippine Laws and Jurisprudence Databank - The Lawphil
                                                                  • License Drafts
  Project (
• Maiden Issue of CC PH newsletter
                                                                  • License Drafts
Puerto Rico — February 21-24, 2008 in San Juan: The
                                                                  • License Drafts
University of Puerto Rico Cyberlaw Clinic will host the launch
of Puerto Rico’s localized Creative Commons licenses,
marking the forty-fourth jurisdiction worldwide to port the
Creative Commons licensing suite.                                 CCI Related Events
• Puerto Rico Launches Localized Creative Commons
  Licenses                                                        • AC IA: International Work shop on A sia
  (                    and Commons in the Information Age
• CD of the CC PR launch [images, music, publications] (http://     (; http://              ; http://
• COMMUNIA: public domain & alternative                          • German Public B roadcaster [N DR] adopts
  licensing experts convene in Europe                              CC license: The Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR), a
  (                   public radio and television broadcaster belonging to
• 2nd COMMUNIA workshop: Ethical Public Domain                     Germany’s national broadcasting consortium ARD,
  (                   announced today that they will begin to use CC licenses
• 1st CC Korea International Conference                            for some of their programs.
  (;          ; and              
• CCi Legal Day: At the iSummit 2008 in Saporro, Creative           creativecommonsindex2.html
  Commons will again invite its international network of         • Public Broadcasters opt for CC
  project leads and teams to participate in a workshop   
  about the legal and international aspects of the Creative      • Revised guidelines for international license
  Commons licenses. Similar to last year’s CCi Legal Day, this     porting process
  special meeting will be held one day ahead of the actual
  iSummit events. The agenda opened March 2008 with
  a call for discussion topics. (http://wiki.creativecommons.    • CcAU: Asia and the Commons Case Studies
  org/CCi_Legal_Day_2008)                                          2 0 0 8 ( h t t p://w w w. c r e a t i v e c o m m o n s .o r g . a u/
• CC Nordic Meeting
  (            • Visit Planet Creative Commons: Visit the Planet Creative
                                                                   Commons home page to get the CC blog, CC jurisdiction
• CC Birthday Parties
                                                                   blogs, and various CC community blogs all at one time.
• CC Salons
                                                                 • First CC-Licensed Photography Contest in China:
    Chennai:                                                       CC in China Mainland partnered with the online photo-                  sharing community and one of China’s largest
    Belgrade:                                                      internet portals,, to co-sponsor the first CC-                         licensed photography contest in China Mainland.
CCI Points of interest                                    
                                                                 • Panda Punk Lab: Inauguration in Chile: Because
• Dutch Collecting Societies Welcome CC: On August                 the indemnification received by the violation of a Creative
  23, 2007, Dutch collecting societies Buma and Stemra             Commons license - the first case in Chile and Latin America
  and Creative Commons Netherlands launched a pilot                - the “Panda Punk Lab” was inaugurated in Chillán, Chile,
  project that seeks to provide Dutch musicians with more          to the benefit of more than 200 students.
  opportunities to promote their own repertoire.
• Danish Collecting Society KODA teams up with
  CC Denmark: Creative Commons Denmark announced
  that KODA, the Danish Authors’ Society, is now offering
  noncommercial Creative Commons licensing to its members
  - making it the second country worldwide to do so.
  ht tp://cre g/entr y/8012
• Tone release Small Arm of Sea [first album released
  under KODA-CC DK partnership]

                                                                                    CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

C reative C ommons L icenses
Launch in India
by Mia Garlick
26 January 2007

San Francisco, CA, USA and Berlin, Germany — January
26, 2006 — Creative Commons, a nonprofit dedicated to
building a body of creative work free to share and build
upon, today unveiled a localized version of its innovative
licensing system in India.
                                                                  Joi Ito. “CC India Launch” CC BY 2.0
Creative Commons copyright licenses are available free of
charge from the group’s [1] website. The licenses allow authors
and artists to mark their works as free to copy or transform      About IIT Bombay
under certain conditions—to declare “some rights reserved,”       IIT Bombay, set up by an Act of Parliament, was established
in contrast to the traditional “all rights reserved”—thereby      in 1958, at Powai, a northern suburb of Mumbai. Today
enabling others to access a growing pool of raw materials         the Institute is recognised as one of the centers of academic
without legal friction.                                           excellence in the country. The institute has 12 departments
                                                                  of engineering, basic sciences and the humanities, 11
With Creative Commons India joining the effort, Creative          research centers, 3 postgraduate degree schools and 5
Commons is proud to announce that its licenses now are            interdisciplinary programs. IIT Bombay is largely a residential
offered in localized versions in a total of 35 jurisdictions      institution with over 4 thousand students and over 400
around the world.                                                 faculty. It offers undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral
                                                                  degrees. Over the years, there has been dynamic progress
Staff at Creative Commons’ offices in San Francisco and           at IIT Bombay in all academic and research activities, and a
Berlin worked with project leads Lawrence Liang from the          parallel improvement in facilities and infrastructure, to keep
Alternative Law Forum (ALF) in Bangalore and Shishir K.Jha        it on par with the best institutions in the world. For more
from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay)       information, visit the IIT Bombay website.[2]
to adapt the standardized copyright licenses to Indian law.
                                                                  See also
                                                                  • Creative Commons Launch [from CC India]
Today the Indian versions of the Creative Commons licenses
will be launched in the IIT Bombay’s auditorium in Mumbai,
at a ceremony held as part of the ‘IIT Techfest’, IIT Bombay’s    Additional Activities
Annual International Science and Technology festival. The         • Chitra Katha - Creative Commons Short Film Contest http://cc-
Techfest with its lectures, workshops and exhibitions offers
students a platform to explore the realms of science and          • Interview with Prof. S. K. Jha - Creative Commons http://
technology in the 21st Century.                           

At the launch Joichi Ito, Chairman of Creative Commons,           Documentation
will give the keynote address. Speakers Nandu Pradhan,  
President and Managing Director of Red Hat India, film
director Anurag Kashyap, Professor Deepak Phatak of IIT           Endnotes
Bombay, project lead Lawrence Liang as well as Catharina          1
Maracke, Creative Commons International Coordinator, will         2
speak about topics related to culture, law and technology.

Says Project Lead Shishir Jha, “Creative Commons India will
seek to inspire everyone to share the subcontinent’s abundant
wealth of visions and ideas by standing tall on the shoulders
of her intellectual and creative giants.”
Launch of Creative Commons

by European Digital Rights (EDRI)                                “We see the porting of Creative Commons licences to
6 June 2007                                                      Switzerland as an important step - firstly because the swiss                cultural movement will be able to contribute a variety
commons-switzerland                                              of interesting works to a global creative community and
                                                                 secondly in achieving a more balanced choice for creators
On 26 May 2007 the Swiss version of Creative Commons             when deciding how their works is distributed and accessible.”
licenses were launched in Zurich at a ceremony held as the       was the declaration of Martin Feuz from Digitale Allmend.
finishing highlight of this year’s Tweakfest, Switzerland’s
Festival for Media, Culture, and Digital Lifestyle.              During the launch, Creative Commons Switzerland announced
                                                                 several upcoming projects that plan to use the Swiss Creative
The launch was hosted by Digitale Allmend, a Swiss NGO           Commons licenses, including netlabels (,
focused on access to digital information and creativity., two online cultural TV channels (
Openlaw and Digitale Allmend are co-leading the Swiss            and or a video art website (
Creative Commons project in a joint effort. With Switzerland,
the Creative Commons licenses are now offered in localized       Creative Commons Switzerland
versions in a total of 37 countries around the world.
                                                                 Digitale Allmend - News and videos from CC
John Buckman, Creative Commons board member and                  Switzerland launch
founder of, gave the keynote address,              (German)
explaining how he developed his website as a successful
example of a Creative Commons based business.                    Openlaw
There was live audio and visual performances by DJ Soult
and VJ Set from who released a number of  
works under the new Swiss Creative Commons licenses
that evening.                                                    Documentation:
                                                                 Launch of Swiss Creative
                                                                 Commons Licenses [audio files]:
Urs Gehrig from Openlaw explained the system: “The     
Creative Commons licensing system simplifies the exchange        creativecommons_ch_2007_05_26
of cultural goods such as music, video, text and other
                                                                 Podcast: John Buckman, Volker
creative media.”
                                                                 Grassmuck at CC CH launch http://
stefanrechsteiner / Stefan Rechsteiner “John Buckman @           podcast-john-buckman-volker-
Tweakfest 2007” All Rights Reserved.   grassmuck-am-cc-launch-ch/
                                                                 Interview - VJs and
                                                                 Creative Commons Launch: http://

                                                                                                     launch flier: Alessandro
                                                                                                     Frigerio and Matthias
                                                                                                     Mehldau http://blog.
                                                                                                     launch-schweiz/ CC BY 2.5

                                                                                  CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

Macedonian versions of
C reative C ommons licenses
19 June 2007
                                                                   Darko Hristov. “joi ito creative commons macedonia”
In Skopje, on June the 19th, 2007, Mr. Joi Ito - chairman          CC BY-NC-SA 2.0
of Creative Commons promoted the Macedonian version
of the world famous licenses that enable the expansion of          Mr. Mickoski and Mrs. Zdraveva outlined some of the
free culture. After adapting the licenses to the domestic legal    specifics during the process of licenses localization, such
system, Macedonia became the 38th member country of the            as the differences in the legal terminology; for instance, the
Creative Commons family.                                           American term “license” means “Agreement for Non-exclusive
                                                                   Transfer of part of the Copyrights” in Macedonian.
More than 120 visitors attended the presentation held in the
Holiday Inn hotel; opening statements were made by the             Mrs. Pefeva outlined that the main reason for the success
translator of the licenses and the coordinator of this process -   of Creative Commons in Bulgaria, which holds the second
Mr. Nikolche Mickoski from the Metamorphosis Foundation,           position in the world with the number of licensed content, is
Mrs. Neda Zdraveva from the Faculty of Law - the expert for        the great support from the authors provided by setting up
adapting the licenses to the Macedonian legislation, as well       platforms for their mutual communication. The Government’s
as Mrs. Desi Pefeva, representative of the Internet Society        decision to license the texts of the laws and publish them
Bulgaria, who shared the experiences of using the Creative         in an electronic version was particularly positive, since they
Commons licenses in her country.                                   were made available to the wider public.

Mr. Ito held an inspirational presentation regarding the           Aside from localizing the appropriate section for issuing
main aspects of free culture which enables the sharing of          licenses at the central Creative Commons website, the
knowledge and benefits of creative work via the Internet. He       Metamorphosis Foundation published the opening of the
emphasized that the Creative Commons system is part of the         Macedonian portal intended for encouraging e-content
copyright protection system, with which the communication          development and their promotion – All
of the authors with their public is facilitated, as well as the    e-content authors will be able to learn more about the
communication with other authors that want to use their work       licenses through the portal, and they will be able to set links
as a basis for their own work.                                     to their licensed works. The portal also provides hosting
                                                                   to the authors that cannot publish their work on their own
Rejecting the classification of the free culture movement          websites.
as an effort of idealistically liberal students and law
professors, he presented several examples of Creative              See also:
                                                                   Official promotion of Macedonian version of Creative Commons
Commons acceptation by commercial systems interested
                                                                   licenses [from CC MK]:
in providing better services to their clients. He outlined         content/view/918/61/lang,en/
that the extensions in Flicker - photo database owned
by Yahoo, and in Microsoft Office, enable their clients            Additional Activities:
                                                                   • Macedonian translation of 11 Shakespeare plays under CC
to easily integrate and use the licenses. The preparation
of a similar extension for OpenOffice is ongoing,
                                                                   • Creative Commons Content Portal for Macedonia:
and the diversity of all the stakeholders indicates the    
preparedness of Creative Commons to be an incentive
for the promotion of new approaches – for the benefit of
everyone. According to him, companies such as Apple -
with its iTunes and iPod, realizing that users who share
content, such as music over the internet, are not a threat
but actually a new market, are rapidly becoming world
leaders in this market.
C reative C ommons L icenses
Launch in Greece

by Michelle Thorne                                                   Today the Greek version of Creative Commons will be
13 October 2007                                                      launched in Athens, at an event in the Ceremonies Hall at                          the University of Athens. Lawrence Lessig, founder and CEO
                                                                     of Creative Commons, will give the keynote address at the
                                                                     ceremony, which will be hosted by Greek Research and
We are proud to announce the successful localization of the          Technology Network (GRNET).
Creative Commons licenses in Greece. The porting of the
licenses to Greek law was headed by Legal Project Leads              “The real value of the Creative Commons licenses,” says
Marinos Papadopoulos and Prodromos Tsiavos, with support             Marinos Papadopoulos, “comes in clarifying what is useful
from Public Project Lead Theodoros Karounos.                         to both creators and users of intellectual property, while also
                                                                     providing them with the tools to share creations in a mutually
The launch was celebrated on Saturday, October 13, at the            acceptable legal environment. By helping both creators and
Ceremonies Hall in the University of Athens, with a keynote          users determine the value of intellectual property sharing,
address from Prof. Lawrence Lessig.                                  Creative Commons in Greece is helping an explosive growth
                                                                     in creativity.”

                                                                     About GRNET
                                                                     The Greek Research and Technology Network (GRNET)
                                                                     supports the research and development of Information
                                                                     and Communication Technologies (ICT) within Greece
                                                                     and internationally, through the provision of its high-
                                                                     capacity networking and grid computing infrastructure, the
                                                                     strengthening of e-Learning & e-Business practices, as well
                                                                     as the participation in international research and education
                                                                     efforts. GRNET operates under the auspices of the Ministry
                                                                     of Development and is supervised by the General Secretariat
                                                                     for Research and Development.
University of Athens, photo by yuankuei (
please/) licensed under CC BY-NC-ND. (http://creativecommons.
                                                                     • Greek Creative Commons 3.0 Launch [video]: http://www.
October 13, 2007 — San Francisco, CA, USA and
                                                                     • Lawrence Lessig - Creative Commons in Greece [video]: http://
Berlin, Germany                                              
                                                                     • Creative Commons Licenses Lent a Greek Touch [3rd party,
Creative Commons, a nonprofit organization dedicated to                not under CC, for reference]:
building a body of creative work that is free and legal to             news_rd185.htm
share and build upon, unveiled today a localized version of
its innovative licensing system in Greece.

With the Creative Commons’ project in Greece joining the             focalpointx. “Creative Commons launch in Greece” CC BY-SA 2.0
effort, Creative Commons licenses are now being offered    
in localized versions in a total of 39 countries around the

Staff at Creative Commons’ offices in San Francisco and
Berlin worked with project leads Marinos Papadopoulos,
Theodoros Karounos, and Prodromos Tsiavos to adapt the
standardized copyright licenses to Greek law.

                                                                                      CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

Luxembourg 40th Jurisdiction
to O f f e r P ort e d C r e at i v e
Commons Licenses
by Michelle Thorne                                              founder and CEO of and Board Member
15 October 2007                                                 of Creative Commons, and Paul Keller, Project Lead for                    Creative Commons Netherlands.

                                                                The ceremony will also include a presentation by Laurent
The launch of the Creative Commons licensing suite in           Kratz, founder Luxembourg’s Jamendo, one of the largest
Luxembourg marks the 40th jurisdiction worldwide to offer       music portals offering Creative Commons-licensed works,
Creative Commons licenses adapted to national law.              and Lionel Maurel, scientific coordinator from the National
                                                                Library of France.
An event[1] to commemorate the launch will be held
on October 15th at the Public Research Center Henri             The Creative Commons licenses were “the first instrument
Tudor[2] (CRP) in Luxembourg, featuring speeches by John        of choice” in Luxcommons’ efforts to lead innovation in
Buckman,[3] founder and CEO of[4] and             intellectual property and promote Open Content in their
Board Member of Creative Commons; Paul Keller,[5] Project       region and around the world. The licenses, available free
Lead for Creative Commons Netherlands;[6] Laurent Kratz,[7]     of charge at, allow authors and
founder Luxembourg’s Jamendo,[8] one of the largest music       artists to mark their
portals offering Creative Commons-licensed works; and
Lionel Maurel, scientific coordinator from the National         works as free to copy or transform under certain conditions,
Library of France.[9]                                           and thereby enable others to access a growing pool of raw
                                                                materials without legal friction.

                                                                About Luxcommons
                                                                The non-profit Luxcommons was founded in 2005 with the
                                                                goals of promoting, researching, and developing of Open
                                                                Content. Thanks to funding from “2007, Luxembourg and
                                                                Greater Region, Cultural Capital of Europe,” the National
                                                                Cultural Fund and with the Support of the Technoport
                                                                Incubator (an initiative of the Henri Tudor Research Center),
                                                                Luxcommons was able to start transposing the CC 3.0
                                                                License to the Luxembourg jurisdiction. For the future, a
                                                                stronger linking of similar initiatives in the Greater Region
                                                                and stronger tie-ins with institutional partners is sought to
                                                                keep the Luxembourgish CC project on stable footing. For
Johann Paul Keller. “Sylvain” CC BY-NC 2.0   more information about Luxcommons, please visit their
October 15, 2007 -- San Francisco, CA, USA and
Luxembourg, Luxembourg                                          Documentation:
                                                                • John Buckman: Creative Commons presentation in French in
The launch of the Creative Commons licensing suite today in        [presentation slides & video]:
Luxembourg marks the 40th jurisdiction worldwide to offer          buckman/2007/10/creative-common.html
Creative Commons licenses adapted to national law. Creative     • CC-lu Launch Event 15.10 [program from Luxcommons]:
Commons worked in collaboration with Luxcommons ASBL,    
a local non-profit for researching and developing Open          • launch poster:
Content headed by Patrick Peiffer, to linguistically and           uploads/2007/09/cc-poster_a3_colour.pdf
legally port the licenses to Luxembourgish law.

An event to commemorate the launch will be held
today at the Public Research Center Henri Tudor (CRP)
in Luxembourg, featuring speeches by John Buckman,                Luxembourg Launch > 15
New Zealand Successfully Ports
Creative Commons Licenses

by Michelle Thorne
26 October 2007

October has been one busy month -- The CC Team in
Greece[1] held a phenomenal launch[2] at the University of
Athens (video,[3] photos[4]), Luxembourg[5] became the 40th
jurisdiction to port the CC licenses,[6] CC HQ kicked off our
3rd annual fundraising campaign,[7] and now: New Zealand
will now offer Creative Commons licenses adapted to its
national law.

The Project Lead in NZ, Dr. Brian Opie, worked with his
legal team under the auspices of Te Whainga Aronui The
Council for the Humanities[8] in collaboration with Creative
Commons to bring the licensing suite to New Zealand.

The launch will be celebrated October 27 in Wellington at
the National Library, followed by a free seminar hosted by
Creative Commons Aotearoa New Zealand[9] on the new
licensing environment in the digital world.

Congratulations, New Zealand!

Additional Activities:
New Zealand Labour Party Goes Creative Commons : http://
                                                                Carved Maori Pole, photo by dartio (
Documentation:                                                  dartio) licensed under CC BY-NC-SA. (http://creativecommons.
Webcast & video files from launch:                              org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/)


                                                                aenertia / Joel Wiramu Pauling “S6001198.JPG” CC BY-SA http://

                                                                                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                                                            CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

                                                                                                                                                                                Vlidi “CC launch & birthday, Belgrade” CC
                                                                                                                                                                                BY-SA 2.0
                                             Serbia announces ported licenses
                                             on Creative Commons’ fifth

                                             by Michelle Thorne
                                             15 December 2007

                                                                                                             The party in Belgrade will then head to Club Andergraund at
Vlidi “Setting up...” CC BY-SA 2.0 http://

                                                                                                             10pm CET with live acts from artists MistakeMistake, Crobot,
                                                                                                             Wolfgang S, Ah, Ahilej, and Electric Divine.

                                                                                                             CC Serbia’s Public Project Lead Vladimir Jeric thanks the
                                                                                                             Serbian community for their support, and he expresses the
                                                                                                             team’s appreciation for the public’s input during the discussion
                                                                                                             of the Serbian licenses, which he reports “assured us that we
                                                                                                             are on the right way regarding meeting the demands from
                                                                                                             the side of both ‘content producers’ and ‘users.’”

                                                                                                             The CC Serbia Team hopes to present the first collection of
                                                                                                             locally-licensed CC works this spring.

                                             December 15, 2007 — San Francisco, CA, USA and                  About
                                             Belgrade, Serbia                                       is an non-formal network based
                                                                                                             in Belgrade. Acting as a kind of meta-organization
                                             The much-anticipated global celebration of Creative             coordinating different initiatives and actions by different
                                             Commons’ fifth year is amplified today with the announcement    individuals and organizations, it presents a collaborative
                                             of the locally ported Creative Commons licensing suite in       platform for discussing and conducting various projects. All
                                             Serbia. In close collaboration with,        of it’s projects are formally being conducted trough one or
                                             Wikimedia Serbia, and New Media center Kuda_org, the            several of it’s member organizations with the formal status.
                                             Creative Commons Team in Serbia, lead by Nevenka Antic, is the part of slobodnakultura.
                                             has successfully adapted the Creative Commons licenses          org, and it helps in building the tools requested from within
                                             both linguistically and legally to Serbian national law.        the society in order to introduce different social codes.
                                                                                                             Fundraising and management for the localization of the
                                             The ported the Serbian licenses, available soon online,         Creative Commons licenses is being carried out by Bureau
                                             will be celebrated today in Belgrade at Dom omladine            for Culture and Communication Beograd (birobeograd.
                                             at 5:00pm CET. Speakers at the event include Slobodan           info), a member of network. For
                                             Markovic from ICANN, Ivan Jelic & Desiree Miloshevich           more information, please visit: and
                                             of the Free Software Network and the Internet Society, and
                                             Marcell Mars from CC Croatia and MAMA.
                                                                                                             About Wikimedia Serbia
                                             The festivities will continue at the Cultural Center Magacin,   Wikimedia Serbia, formed in 2005, is a non-profit
                                             where guests will join the CC Serbia Team in greeting           independent organization, based in Belgrade. It is included
                                             the globally synchronized Creative Commons Birthday             in the international network of non-profit and independent
                                             Parties via webcast. The international birthday parties are     organizations sharing the goals of free knowledge issues as
                                             being coordinated by local chapters around the world to         well as improving and participating in the global collection
                                             commemorate Creative Commons’ fifth year in a series of         of educational content under free licenses or in the public
                                             celebrations culminating in San Francisco on December 15th      domain. Wikimedia Serbia supports free knowledge
                                             from 10pm-2am PST.
                                                                                                               Serbian Launch > 15
    Philippine Launch Celebration:
    a vibrant member of the global

    by Michelle Thorne                                              Arellano University School of Law.
    15 December 2007                    The event will consist of three parts: 1) an orientation to
                                                                    projects by stakeholders in the Philippine Commons, with
    Following the unveiling of the Philippine localized Creative
                                                                    the aim of developing a local collaboration promoting
    Commons licenses[1] in December,[2] citizens will gather on
                                                                    alternative licensing, free and open source software, open
    January 14th in Manila to celebrate in full the public launch
                                                                    education, and free culture; 2) the public presentation of the
    of the country’s completed licenses and its strides towards
                                                                    CC Philippine Licensing Suite Version 3.0, which has been
    fostering the global commons movement. The launch activities
                                                                    available online since its soft launch December 15, 2007;
    are scheduled to take place from 1:00pm to 9:00pm at the
                                                                    and 3) the CC Philippines Concert featuring more than six
    Arellano University School of Law.[3]
                                                                    local rock bands.

    Highlights include: an orientation to projects from the
                                                                    Atty. Soriano and Atty. Michael Vernon M. Guerrero,
    Philippine Commons,[4] a local initiative to promote
                                                                    Deputy Project Lead of CC Philippines, are both pleased
    alternative licensing, free and open source software, open
                                                                    to also announce the public launching of the Philippine
    education, and free culture; the public presentation of the
                                                                    Commons website, available at www.philippinecommons.
    CC Philippine Licensing Suite Version 3.0,[5] which has been
                                                                    org, and the adaption of a CC license to the LawPhil Project,
    available online since its soft launch December 15, 2007;
                                                                    the most popular and comprehensive website on Philippine
    and the CC Philippines Concert[6] featuring more than six
                                                                    law and jurisprudence.
    local rock bands.
                                                                    The localized CC licenses will also be applied to the
    San Francisco, CA, USA and Pasay City, Metro
                                                                    Arellano Law and Policy Review; the law school’s IT Law
    Manila, Philippines -- January 14, 2008
                                                                    Journal, whose first quarter issue features all articles devoted
                                                                    to Creative Commons; and the original works of the Arellano
    Following the unveiling of the Philippine localized Creative
                                                                    Law Singers. These materials will be presented and shared at
    Commons licenses in December, citizens of the archipelago
                                                                    ACIA: International Workshop on Asia and Commons in the
    will gather today in Manila to celebrate in full the public
                                                                    Information Age, held on January 19-20 in Taipei, Taiwan.
    launch of its completed licenses and the country’s strides
    towards fostering the global commons movement.                  Additional Activities:
                                                                    Philippine Laws and Jurisprudence Databank - The Lawphil Project:
    Attorney Jaime N. Soriano, Creative Commons Philippines
    Project Lead and Executive Director of the e-Law Center,
    announces that the launch activities are scheduled to take      Maiden Issue of CC PH newsletter: http://philippinecommons.
    place on January 14, 2008 from 1:00pm to 9:00pm at the          org/2008/03/14/maiden-issue-of-cc-ph-newsletter/

© 2008. Berne Guerrero. Some Rights Reserved.
                                                                    2 Built upon the
works of: Beth Kanter (cambodia4kidsorg). “What A Second Grader     3
Knows About Creative Commons”. BY 2.0 Generic; Peter Shanks         4
(BotheredByBees). “CC swag XI”. BY 2.0 Generic; Emil Alviola.       5
“scratch-this”. BY 2.0 Generic; and

                                                                                     CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

P uerto R ico L aunches L oc alized C reative
Commons Licenses

by Michelle Thorne                                              “The Cyberlaw Clinic’s commitment to ‘free culture’ has
21 February 2008                                                provided the ideal context for the development of the                    Creative Commons Puerto Rico (CCPR) project,” notes
                                                                Mari´a L. Jime´nez, Director of U.P.R.’s Legal Aid Clinic. “The
                                                                university has a longstanding tradition as an innovative
On Feb. 22 in San Juan, the University of Puerto Rico           institution in many legal fields and is deeply committed to
Cyberlaw Clinic[1] will host the launch of Puerto Rico’s        the advancement of important social values such as the ones
localized Creative Commons licenses,[2] marking the forty-      embraced by the Creative Commons project.”
fourth jurisdiction worldwide[3] to port the Creative Commons
licensing suite. The event will be held at 7:00pm at U.P.R.’s   The CCPR Project Leads add that they are “fully aware the
School of Law, featuring an exhibition by Puerto Rican          importance of a rich and culturally diverse public domain for
artists, a promotional CD release, and keynote by Creative      a vigorous democratic society and of the many ways in which
Commons Chairman Joichi Ito.                                    cultural growth is stifled by a combination of technology,
                                                                copyright law and practice, and the entertainment industry’s
The Creative Commons Puerto Rico[4] team is lead by Hiram
A. Meléndez-Juarbe, Carlos González-Yanes, and Chloé
Georas, who coordinated the porting process and public
consultation with local and international legal experts. In
preparation for the public discussion, a memorandum was
prepared by the 2006-2007 class of the University of Puerto
Cyberlaw Clinic to analyze the role of moral rights in Puerto
Rico’s mixed legal tradition. The memorandum is available
for download.[5]

Congratulations CC Puerto Rico!

San Francisco, California and San Juan, Puerto Rico —
February 22, 2008

Today in San Juan, the University of Puerto Rico Cyberlaw
Clinic will host the launch of localized Creative Commons
licenses, marking the forty-fourth jurisdiction worldwide to
port the Creative Commons licensing suite. The event will
be held at 7:00pm at U.P.R.’s School of Law, featuring an       hold on the creation and dissemination of cultural products.”
exhibition by Puerto Rican artists, a promotional CD release,   They confirm that “CCPR understands what is at stake and
and keynote by Creative Commons Chairman Joichi Ito.            is, thus, very serious about consistently following up on
                                                                the essential community building and internationalizing
The Creative Commons Puerto Rico team is lead by Hiram          dimension of this enterprise.”
A. Meléndez-Juarbe, Carlos González-Yanes, and Chloé
Georas, who coordinated the porting process and public          One of the major assets to the CCPR licenses is the avoidance
consultation with local and international legal experts. In     of unnecessary legal obstacles to creative exchanges. As
preparation for the public discussion, a memorandum was         Rolando Silva, photographer, graphic artist and professor,
prepared by the 2006-2007 class of the University of Puerto     confirms, “Creative Commons licenses are a neat alternative
Cyberlaw Clinic to analyze the role of moral rights in Puerto   to the categorical copyright. We were in dire need of more
Rico’s mixed legal tradition. The memorandum is available       flexible possibilities within copyright laws that permit the
for download:         dissemination of artistic work without the fear of lawsuits or
pr/moral-rights.pdf.                                            any such foolishness.”
About the University of Puerto Rico School of Law                 Endnotes
Founded in 1913, the University of Puerto Rico School of          1
Law is the oldest of its kind in Puerto Rico. The School of Law   2
has been accredited by the American Bar Association since         3
1945, has been a member of the American Association of            4
Law Schools since 1944 and is the only public law school          5
in Puerto Rico.

The Cyberlaw Clinic of the U.P.R. School of Law promotes
principles of liberty and freedom of expression on the internet
as well as the development of a technological and legal
context that encourages individual and collective creativity.
For more information, visit

• Public Launch of Creative Commons License in Puerto Rico
  [from CC PR]:
• CD of the CC PR launch [images, music, publications]: http://
• pics:

    10 < Luxembourg Launch


    12 < Serbian Launch

Community and free knowledge projects building the                cultural and social policy. Some of the main issues include
Community in Serbia and providing the projects in Serbian         interpretation and analysis of the history and significance
language. The projects are coordinated by the Wikimedia           of the information society, the potential of information itself,
Foundation, the non-profit parent organization of various         and the diffusion of its influence on political, economic and
multilingual free content projects, such as Wikipedia, the        cultural relationships in contemporary society. New Media
famous online encyclopedia, and Wikimedia Commons,       opens space for both cultural dialog and
the repository for free video, images, music and other media.     alternative methods of education and research. For more
For more information:                          information:

About New Media                                   Additional Activities:
                                                                  CCBit music compilation:
New Media is an independent organization
which brings together artists, theoreticians, media activists,
researchers and the wider public in the field of Information      Documentation:
and Communication Technologies. In this respect, kuda.  
org is dedicated to the research of new cultural relations,
contemporary artistic practice, and social issues. Kuda.
org’s work focuses on questions concerning the influence
of the electronic media on society, on the creative use of
new communication technologies, and on contemporary

                                                                                    CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

Version 3.0
Version 3.0 Croatia goes live

by Michelle Thorne                                               CC Croatia, lead by Diana Kovaèeviæ Remenariæ and
19 March 2008                                                    Tomislav Medak and in affiliation with the Zagreb-based                     NGO Multimedia Institute [mi2],[3] was one of the first
                                                                 jurisdictions to port the earliest version of the licenses (in
                                                                 2004) and continues to be one of the most active Creative
Creative Commons Croatia has successfully completed the          Commons projects worldwide.[4]
versioning of the ported Creative Commons licensing suite in
Croatia.[1] Version 3.0 of the six standard Creative Commons     Endnotes
licenses is now legally and linguistically adapted to Croatian
law and integrated into our licensing process.[2]

Upcoming Jurisdictions
CC in Thailand: license draft                                    CC Hong Kong                         begins public
in public discussion                                             discussion

by Michelle Thorne                                               by Catharina Maracke
26 November 2007                                                 3 January 2008           

We are pleased to announce that the CC project in Thailand       It’s with great pleasure to announce that the CC project
has entered the public discussion for their localized license    in Hong Kong has entered the public discussion for their
draft.[1] At this time, we would like to invite members of the   localized license draft.[1] We would like to congratulate
community to join the Thai team in discussing and reviewing      the CC Team in Hong Kong, lead by Dr. Yahong Li and
their license draft, which includes a re-translation of the      Alice Lee (The University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law)[2]
license into English and an English explanation of substantial   as well as Rebecca MacKinnon[3] (Journalism and Media
legal changes.                                                   Studies Center).[4]

For their progress thusfar, we would like to congratulate the    Please feel invited to join the Hong Kong team in discussing
CC Team in Thailand, lead by Phichai Phuechmongkol[2]            and reviewing their license draft and help the licenses to
and Worasete Phueksakon[3] of Dharmniti Law Office               be adapted to Hong Kong law. The role of the discussion
(DLO); Sunit Shrestha from TRN Institute;[4] and Arthit          is to start the public debate and to make the least amount
Suriyawongkul, Sirindhorn International Institute of             of changes necessary to bring the licenses into accord
Technology,[5] Thammasat University.                             with Hong Kong law (
                                                                 Worldwide_Overview). We expect the archived discussions
We look forward to a lively discussion!                          to serve as a history of this experience. That way, your input
                                                                 will continue to be useful to anyone from any country even
                                                                 after the discussion for Hong Kong is completed.
4                                          func,show_article/id,21/Itemid,33/
5                                    4
Upcoming Jurisdictions
License drafts from Ecuador
& Norway enter public
by Michelle Thorne                                                   Dra. Patricia Pacheco Montoya and Abg. Verónica Granda
21 February 2008                                                     González, with support from the Universidad Técnica                         Particular de Loja.[1]

                                                                     Our warmest congratulations extend as well to CC Norway,
We are very pleased to announce that the public                      whose Legal Lead Peter Lenda and Public Lead Gisle
discussion of localized license drafts has begun in                  Hannemyr, along with their Legal Advisory Board and affiliate
Ecuador and in Norway:                                               institution Oslo University College,[2] have demonstrated
                                                                     extreme thoughtfulness and commitment in producing the                      first draft of the CC license ported to Norwegian law.
                                                                     We welcome your participation in the discussion of these
It is a great pleasure to invite all interested parties to join      two license drafts!
the teams in Ecuador and Norway in discussing these drafts
adapted to their respective jurisdictional law.
For their progress and dedication thus far, we would like to         1
thank the CC Ecuador team, lead by Dr. Juan José Puertas             2
Ortega and Carlos Correa Loyola, and team members

CCi Related Events
ACIA: International Workshop on Asia and Commons
in the Information Age

by Michelle Thorne                                                   • Providing a forum for industry engagement, and in particular
15 November 2007                                                       identifying and presenting successful commercial uses of open                           content licensing within the region;
                                                                     • Providing a forum for discussion of topics of importance
                                                                       to the Asia Commons (e.g., the meaning of ‘open’ in our
For those of you interested in the vibrant commons of the Asia
                                                                       age, and the history and role of the commons in Asia).
Pacific region, mark January 19, 2008 on your calendars for
the International Workshop on Asia and Commons in the
Information Age (ACIA),[1] hosted in Taipei, Taiwan.                 Please visit the ACIA wiki[2] to learn more and to enrich
                                                                     the event with your input and participation. For more
The ACIA workshop (like ASIA, with a “C”), is the highly-            background information, check out the original proposal[3]
anticipated, self-sponsored event organized by Creative              and the iCommons’ article “What is Asia Commons?”[4]
Commons jurisdiction project teams and other commons-
based initiatives, and they are inviting all interested parties to   Thank you to Tyng-Ruey Chuang (CC in Taiwan), Jessica
attend the workshop with a focus on the following objectives:        Coates (CC in Australia), and the other Asia Commoners for
                                                                     their dedication to this great initiative!
• Strengthening the “Asia Commons” by bringing in more
  members and improving links to related organizations               1,2
  within the Asia Pacific region;                                    3
• Promoting the commons in the region, and providing a               4
  forum to develop practical strategies for this promotion;

                                                                                      CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CCi Related Events
ACIA: Asia Commoners meet in Taipei

by Michelle Thorne
24 January 2008

The workshop, ACIA: the International Workshop on
Asia and Commons in the Information Age,[1] which was             Jui-chuan,[23] and André van Rensburg, [24] Bust This,[25] Sudev
organized by CC Taiwan[2] and hosted at Academica                 Bangah,[26] and Lisa Diy.[27]
Sinica[3] on January 19-20 in Taipei, Taiwan, focused on
bringing together members of the “Asia Commons” to meet           Endnotes
and discuss regional strategies and initiatives. The program[4]
opened with a keynote by Terry Fischer on “Solutions to
the copyright crisis,”[5] in which he sought to combine legal
reforms and business models with digital technologies that
compensate creators while enabling cultural and economic
benefits. Both Ts’ui-jung Liu, VP of Academia Sinica, and
Der Tsai Lee, director of the Institute of Information Science,      of-a-totally-open-phone
Academia Sinica, were at the opening ceremonies and               7
delivered greetings to the workshop participants.                    user-generated-media-meets-creative-commons
CC Vice President Mike Linksvayer chaired a session featuring        machines
plans for “The Making a Totally Open Phone”,[6] Sony’s            9
integration of CC licensing for their eyeVio video sharing           creative-commons-common-in-asia
service,[7] techniques in musical collaboration with “Jamming     10
with Machines”,[8] and “Making Creative Commons Common
in Asia”[9] by CC’s Jon Phillips (slides).[10]
Later in the day, CC Australia[11] Project Manager Jessica
Coates presented open licensing compatibility in “Playing
Well With Others”[12] at a panel with Chunyan Wang from
CC China Mainland[13] and Alina Ng from CC Malaysia.
     The CC Team from Australia and the Creative Commons
Clinic[15] also announced the release of the Asia and the            asian-commons-mean
Commons case studies booklet,[16] a fantastic collection of       18
reports on individuals and organizations engaged in the           19
commons in the Asia-Pacific region.                               20
Their work was followed by Lawrence Liang and his debate          22
about concepts, “How Does An Asian Commons Mean.”                 23
     The ACIA workshop drew to an close with Chu-Cheng            24
Huang’s final remarks on the changing phases of property          25
in “From res nullius to res communis,”[18] a session chaired by      code=G1196752169
the event’s organizer, Tyng-Ruey Chuang from CC Taiwan.           26
The social program picked up as the sun set with the CC Asia
Mega Mix Concert featuring acts by Monbaza;[19] Pig Head
Skin;[19] MoShang[20] (video),[21] Kuo Chou Ching,[22] Chang
CCi Related Events
COMMUNIA: public domain                                            2nd COMMUNIA Workshop:
& alternative licensing experts                                    Ethical Public Domain
convene in Europe
by Michelle Thorne                                                 by Michelle Thorne
5 October 2007                                                     12 March 2008             

COMMUNIA,[1]              the                                      The second COMMUNIA workshop, Ethical Public
European           Thematic                                        Domain: Debate of Questionable Practices,[1] took place
Network on the Public                                              on Monday, March 31 in the geographic center of
Domain in the Digital                                              Europe:[2] Vilnius, Lithuania.
Age, held its kick-off
meeting[2] in Turin, Italy on                                      The workshop hosted ten rounds of debates on issues
September 28, 2007. The                                            concerning to the public domain and related policies and
network consists of over 35                                        practices, followed by a press conference inviting the media
members from 21 countries                                          and public to join the discussion.
who are dedicated to
developing                                                         The workshop in Lithuania was organized by Minciu Sodas,[3]
                                                                   an online laboratory experimenting with humanitarian efforts
“the single European point                                         such as Pyramid of Peace,[4] an innovative project helping
of reference for high-level                                        Kenyans during political unrest by enabling the donation of
policy discussion and strategic action on all issues related       mobile phone airtime, which can be shared or traded in the
to the public domain in the digital environment, as well           Kenyan mobile phone network for food and medicine.
as related topics such as alternative forms of licensing for
creative material (including, but not limited to, the Creative     Also, the First COMMUNIA International Conference[5] will
Commons licenses), open access to scientific publications          be held in Leuven-La-Neuve (Belgium) from June 30 - July 1,
and research results, management of works whose authors            2008. There is currently a Call for papers for the conference.
are unknown (i.e. orphan works).”                                  The deadline for submissions is March 30th, and abstracts
                                                                   addressing one of the following topics are very welcome:
The COMMUNIA project, funded by the European                       Libraries and archives, Public sector Information, Creative
Commission[3] and coordinated by Politecnico di Torino,[4] will    works, Scientific research, Publishing intermediaries or
enrich the next 3 years with a productive schedule of thematic     Emerging Issues.
workshops and conferences, with the goal of maintaining
a strong link between participants dedicated to analytical         COMMUNIA is a project funded by the European Commission
and practical results, including “the production of a book;        and coordinated by Politecnico di Torino. It consists of over
an academic journal; a “best practices” guide for European         35 members from 21 countries dedicated to developing
research and reference centres on the topics covered by            “the single European point of reference for high-level policy
COMMUNIA; and a final strategic report containing policy           discussion and strategic action on all issues related to the
guidelines that will help all the stakeholders - public and        public domain in the digital environment” and related topics,
private, from the local to the European level - tacking the        including Creative Commons licensing.
issues that the existence of a digital public domain have
raised and will undoubtedly continue to raise.”                    Endnotes
The kick-off meeting owes its success to the superb organization
efforts of Italian CC Project Lead and COMMUNIA Network
Coordinator Prof. Juan Carlos De Martin, Project Manager
Andrea Glorioso, Ms. Maria Teresa Medina Quintana, Prof.
Angelo Raffaele Meo, and Prof. Marco Ricolfi. Also part of

  Communia > 47

                                                                                   CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CCi Related Events
T he 1 st I nternational C reative C ommons K orea
Conference and Naver CC Integration

by Jon Phillips
11 March 2008

CEO of Creative Commons, Lawrence Lessig[1] along with
VP of Science Commons,[2] John Wilbanks, and myself, Jon
Phillips[3] holder of the title[4] of the “human inbox” of Creative       which has already adopted CCL to its blog service in
Commons [5] will all be participating at the 1st International            2005, and Paran[16] in 2007. These portal sites are known
Creative Commons Korea[6] conference, “Open Culture in                    to grab more than 90% of Korea’s portal market.
CC”[7] on Friday, March 14 in Seoul, Korea. Lessig will go big
with his keynote, Wilbanks will be presenting “Information            The key thing to note with Naver’s CC licensing integration and
Sharing: A Universal Solvent for Life Sciences” and I will            as a service that effectively everyone with a net connection
round up the CC pack with my new presentation: Share or               uses, is that Koreans now have CC licensing front-and-center.
Die: Collaborative Media Projects from Art to Business. Yes,          Many know that Korea takes the crown as the most wired
that’s right! I will be wearing more of my art hat at this one,       nation with 95% broadband penetration inside the home [17].
but will round it up by discussing how individual practice            Korea, is a hyper-connected homogenous society that now
must be sustainable all the way up the ladder to a large              has CC licensing on the most used service in the country.
scale web company.                                                    How long will it take for Korea to take the title of the country
                                                                      with the highest level of Creative Commons license adoption
These presentations are the tip of the iceberg as brilliant           per individual?
Korean colleagues will cover many topics as they relate
to Korean society in the large global context and Chiaki              UPDATE: Michelle already wrote a stellar blog post about
Hayashi from Loftwork[8] in Japan will discuss running a              the conference, by the way.[18]
business where Creative Commons licensing is core to its
daily function.                                                       Endnotes
I’m quite eager though to interact with our Korean colleagues
on the recently announced Creative Commons licensing
integration into Naver.[9] And, I should note that by looking
                                                                      5  Jon Philllips’ long form title is Community and Business
at the web traffic at, there is a
                                                                         Development Manager.
massive surge from Korea since the Naver announcement.
The CC Korea blog states:[10]
   On 26 February, Naver,[11] one of the major portal service
   providers[12] in Korea, announced that it officially introduces
   Creative Commons License to its blog[13] and café services
   and began a grand campaign for promoting CCL with
   cartoons, videos, etc. As for the largest portal service
   provider in user size at home, Naver has been struggling
   with copyright infringements, content and blog posting
   piracy activities of users. In a hope to find a reliable              campaign/
   solution against them, Naver has chosen to introduce the           16
   CC license scheme. And it is very welcomed.                        17 Trust me. From living in Korea, I’ve seen four year olds
                                                                         with cellphones on the Internet! What? And, now that
   Relatively belated, but thanks to their introduction, most of         I’m living 50% of my time in Guangzhou, China (the
   the Korean portal sites take part in CC licensing. With this          other 50 ‘cent in San Francisco), I’m feeling the burn
   announcement, Naver becomes the third next to Daum,[15]
                                                                          CC Korea > 47
CCi Related Events
1 st CC K orea I nternational                                     CCi Legal Day 2008

by Michelle Thorne                                                Creative Commons Wiki
28 February 2008                                                              CCi_Legal_Day_2008

“Open Culture in CC” is the theme of the first CC Korea           Creative Commons’ second “CCi Legal Day”[1] is scheduled
International Conference, [1] a day-long event to be held on      for July 29, 2008.
Friday, March 14th at the National Museum of Korea (map).
                                                                  At the iSummit 2008 in Saporro, Creative Commons will
                                                                  again invite its international network of project leads and
The CC Korea[3] team, lead by Chief Project Lead Jongsoo          teams to participate in a workshop about the legal and
Yoon, have organized the conference not only to celebrate         international aspects of the Creative Commons licenses.
the 3rd birthday of CC Korea and its localized CC licenses,[4]    Similar to last year’s CCi Legal Day, this special meeting will
but as a platform to promote Open Culture in Korea, both          be held one day ahead of the actual iSummit events. With
qualitatively and quantitatively, by discussing case studies      the increasing growth of Creative Commons worldwide,
and coordinating future projects.                                 a structured discussion about policies, legal issues, and
                                                                  questions about interoperability will prove both necessary
The program is divided into four tracks, covering topics such     and fruitful.
as open access and peer review, case studies in public sector
content usage, Government Information Licensing Framework         We hope that the CCi Legal Day in Sapporo will build upon
(GILF)[5] in Australia, and media tools for CC in businesses.     the initiative that began in Rio de Janeiro and continued in
                                                                  Dubrovnik, and that the event will help set the stage for further
Speakers at the conference include Creative Commons’              detailed collaboration on questions about the international
own Lawrence Lessig and Jon Phillips, John Wilbanks from          Creative Commons licensing suite.
Science Commons,[6] Project Lead Brian Fitzgerald from CC
Australia,[7] and many representatives from Korean institutions   The agenda will be opened in March 2008 with a call
including SuMyoung Lee (Ministry of Culture and Tourism),[8]      for discussion topics. The CCi team is looking forward
SeungHoon Chun (Samsung),[9] iSuk Woo (Korea National             to receiving your input and ideas in order to organise a
University), KyoungHee Jung (Hansung University),[10]             successful and interesting day in Sapporo!
JungWook Seo (Korea National University), SungWook
Moon (KDI School of Public Policy and Management),[11]            See also
                                                                  • CCi Legal Day Programme 2008
JongMin Ham (NHN), [12]and ChangShin Park (Newsbank).
2                      •   Archives: CCi Legal Day 2007

                                                                                   CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CCi Related Events
CC Nordic meeting

Creative Commons Wiki                                              Project description. The project will bring together Nordic                  Creative Commons licensing researchers and activists for a
                                                                   weekend workshop to Stockholm in September 2008. The
                                                                   workshop will provide networking for Nordic researchers
                                                                   and co-ordinate and discuss the license localizations and free
2008      Nordic       Creative       Commons          Summit.     culture promotion. The event will be co-hosted by Helsinki
The summit brings together scholars and practitioners from         Institute for Information Technology and VINNOVA Centre
legal and culture field to discuss best policies of implementing   of Excellence for Sustainable Communications. Expected
legal open content sharing in Nordic countries.                    attendance is 100 people.

Background. The translation and localization work is done          The program consists of keynote presentations, workshops
by volunteer teams in each jurisdiction who are committed to       and panels. Invited papers are selected and printed in a
introducing CC to their country and who consult extensively        special “open content, culture and law” publication in a joint
with members of the public and key stakeholders as part            publication of Helsinki Institute for Information Technology
of the porting process. Denmark’s, Finland’s and Sweden’s          and VINNOVA Centre of Excellence for Sustainable
volunteer country teams have adapted the previous version          Communications. The publication will be made available in
of the licenses and have web pages for instructing the rights      electronic form for free. The printed material will be made
owners for how to use the licenses. Norway is in the process       available for academic and cultural institutions.
of localizing the licenses.
                                                                   Information of the summit will be distributed through the
Creative Commons is based to copyright licenses that are           international Creative Commons network and using Nordic
translated and localized to each countries local legal system.     networks own channels like participating institutions web
This ensures that the licenses are easily understood and           pages and mailing lists. The event is organized by the
enforceable in each country The Nordic legal systems has           Nordic CC network.
a common heritage when it comes to copyright law. Nordic
co-operation can thus help to produce common licensing             Endnotes
structure and provide insights for the translation process.
Having a face to face meeting also helps the networking of
the volunteer members of the movement.

Birthday Party 2007

Creative Commons Wiki

Creative Commons turned 5 on 15 December 2007.                     New York, United States (Celebrate CC’s 5th Birthday in
In celebration, parties were held in Beijing, China (Birthday      NYC); Bangalore, India (Khichdiz, Mixtures of Various
Party 2007 Beijing); Berlin, Germany (Birthday Party 2007          Kinds); and Los Angeles, United States (Surprise Birthday
Berlin); Pasay, Pilippines (Birthday Party 2007 Manila);           Party 2007 Los Angeles)
San Francisco, United States (Birthday Party 2007 San
Francisco); Seoul, Korea (Birthday Party 2007 Seoul);
Belgrade, Serbia (Birthday Party and Launch Event 2007
Belgrade); Brisbane, Australia (CCau Birthday BBQ Bash);
CCi Points of Interest
D utch C ollecting S ocieties                                    D anish C ollecting S ociety
Welcome CC                                                       KODA t e a m s u p w i t h CC
by Melissa Reeder                                                by Michelle Thorne
23 August 2007                                                   31 January 2008           

From Paul Keller[1] — CC Netherlands[2] Project Lead:            Creative Commons Denmark[1] has just announced[2] that
                                                                 KODA,[3] the Danish Authors’ Society, is now offering
   On August 23, 2007, Dutch collecting societies Buma and       noncommercial Creative Commons licensing to its members
   Stemra and Creative Commons Netherlands launched              - making it the second country worldwide to do so. A similar
   a pilot project[3] that seeks to provide Dutch musicians      pilot project[4] was initiated in 2007 by Buma/Stemra[5] in the
   with more opportunities to promote their own repertoire.      Netherlands. Both show that collective rights management
   This project enables members of Buma/Stemra to use            and Creative Commons licenses can be combined to the
   the 3 non-commercial CC licenses for non-commercial           benefit of creators. As Paul Keller of Creative Commons
   distribution of their works. It also allows Dutch composers   Netherlands[6] notes, “Creators can rely on the strength of
   and lyricists who already use the CC NonCommercial            collective rights management for commercial uses of their
   license to join Buma/Stemra[4] and have them collect their    works, while taking noncommercial online distribution into
   royalties for commercial use of their works.                  their own hands by using Creative Commons licenses.”

   Before now Dutch authors have not been able to make their     KODA’s adoption of Creative Commons licensing marks a
   work available online under the CC NC license while at        breakthrough for Danish composers and lyricists wanting
   the same time having Buma/Stemra collect their royalties      to explore new ways of making their work available online
   for commercial use of those works. The Netherlands is         while at the same time collecting commercial royalties
   the first country to bring such a collaboration between       through KODA.
   a music copyright organization and Creative Commons,
   a move applauded by Lawrence Lessig, the founder and          Members must sign an agreement with the KODA in which
   chairman of Creative Commons International, as “the           they indicate which works they wish to license, and for
   first step towards more freedom of choice in the field of     the purpose of this arrangement, only Creative Commons
   exploiting music works in the digital world.”                 licenses with the “non-commercial” condition can be used.

The press release by Creative Commons Netherlands and            For more information about this exciting initiative and other
Buma Stemra can be found at http://www.creativecommons.          Danish projects, please visit CC Denmark’s website (Danish).
nl/bumapilot/070823persbericht_en_web.pdf. And for               [7]
                                                                     And for those of you who missed it, last week we posted[8]
more information about what’s going on in the Netherlands        about the first album in Denmark to be released under a CC
check out CC Netherlands website [5]                             license in cooperation with KODA: Tone’s[9] “Small Arm of
                                                                 the Sea” (download).[10]
Endnotes                                                         Endnotes
1             1
2                                 2
3        3

                                                                                  CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CCi Points of Interest
Tone Releases Small Arm of Sea

by Cameron Parkins
21 January 2008

Today marks the release of Small Arm of Sea,[1] the debut            Endnotes
album by female indietronica singer, songwriter and                  1
producer Tone[2] (Sofie Nielsen). While the album itself is          2
unique in its style and substance, seamlessly combining              3
abstract electronic composition techniques with a clear pop
sensibility, it is equally as intriguing in terms of distribution.
Small Arm of Sea is available both in stores (on both
combined CD/DVD w/ visuals or vinyl) and online (for free,
non-DRM download), with physical copies containing the
text “Copy this album for your friends, please!”.

The most interesting aspect of the album’s distribution is that
Small Arm of Sea is both CC-licensed (BY-NC-ND)[3] and
backed commercially by KODA, Denmark’s music collecting
society. This means that not only is Small Arm of Sea available
for free and open sharing, but also operating within in the
traditional Danish commercial structure, in which KODA
collects royalties for commercial uses. This is the first album
of its kind to be released in such a way, and label Urlyd,[4]
who are releasing the album, are understandably ecstatic:[5]

   Until recently the use of Creative Commons licenses
   was incompatible with services provided by collecting
   societies such as KODA (KODA administers Danish and
   international copyrights for composers, songwriters and
   music publishers when their musical works are performed
   in public). If a singer, musician, publisher, or producer
   wanted to distribute her work for free online under a
   Creative Commons license, she was forced to give up
   the right to receive compensation through royalties
   collected by the collecting agency. As a consequence,
   mostly bands without a recording contract and outside of
   the collective rights management have used the Creative
   Commons model.

   “The novelty here is that our artists can collect commercial
   royalties through the traditional model while fully using
   the potential of the internet - giving fans the freedom to
   do what they ultimately do best.”

Small Arm of Sea is truly a phenomenal album, both
in musical quality and as an experiment in new forms of
content distribution. Download it for free at
CCi Points of Interest
G erman public broadc aster                                      Heaps of Positive Coverage for
adopts CC license                                                CC Licenses on German TV

by Michelle Thorne                                               by Michelle Thorne
20 November 2007                                                 26 November 2007           

                                                                 We just ran a post[1] about the German public broadcaster
                                                                 NDR,[2] who recently announced it will release segments
                                                                 from some of its programs under a CC license. But the flood
                                                                 of positive feedback and media coverage has prompted us
                                                                 to write another article pointing to a few of the gems (mostly
                                                                 in German):

                                                                 • The TV magazine Zapp introduces and explains its decision
                                                                   to implement a CC license; [3]
                                                                 • Articles in Welt,[4] Spiegel Online,[5],[6],[7[
                                                         ,[8] Sat+Kabel;[9]
                                                                 • and from the blogosphere Netzpolitik,[10] Medienrauschen,[11]
                                                                   Rebellenidyll,[12] Peter Turi,[13] Jan Knöttig,,[14]
The Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR),[1] a public radio and
                                                                   Tim Schlotfeld/E-Learning,[15] Teddy Krieger,[16],[17]
television broadcaster belonging to Germany’s national
                                                                   DWDL,[18],[19] and many, many more!
broadcasting consortium ARD,[2] announced today that they
will begin to use CC licenses for some of their programs.
The political comedy show Extra 3 and critical media
magazine Zapp[4] will release segments of their program          3,,OID4423446_
under a BY-NC-ND license as part of a pilot project lasting         VID4422126,00.html
for six months.                                                  4
More information can be found at             5,1518,518668,00.html
ratgeber/technik/creativecommonsindex2.html      (German)        6
and in NDR’s official press release[5] (German).                 7
Thanks to Meike Richter, CC Project Leads John-Hendrik           9
Weitzmann (Germany) & Paul Keller (Netherlands), and                =News&file=article &sid=27784&mode=thread&order=0&thol
CC Creative Director Eric Steuer for their involvement in this
great initiative!
Endnotes                                                         11
1                                             12
2                                                unter-creative-commons/
3                                       13
   pressemeldungndr934.html                                      15

                                                                                   CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CCi Points of Interest
Public Broadcasters Opt for CC

by Michelle Thorne                                                    The BBC also offers television and radio programs to stream
22 January 2008                                                       or download through its iPlayer,[13] although the player’s                          format has been the source of some criticism.[14]

                                                                      The BBC’s dedication to public access has helped inspire
Public broadcasters often ask themselves: how to better               several other open projects for European public broadcasters.
enable tax payers to access the works that they have                  In November 2007 the Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR),[15]
paid for? This was the question that the BBC, the public              a public radio and television broadcaster in Germany’s
broadcaster for the United Kingdom, addressed[1] in 2004              national broadcasting consortium ARD, announced[16] that
during the debate over its charter renewal. The result of their       they will use CC licenses for some of their programs. The six-
deliberations was a yearlong pilot, the Creative Archive              month pilot has so far generated positive coverage,[17] and it
Licensing Group project,[2] launched in September 2005.               is hoped that its services will be continued.

The objective of the Creative Archive was to make BBC material        Also, the Danish Broadcasting Corporation[18] features CC-
available online to UK citizens. The content was released             licensed images and content on its website, and it was
under a Creative Archive Licence,[3] a license similar in some        the first broadcaster to purchase and air the CC-licensed
respects to the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commerical           documentary, Good Copy Bad Copy.[19] In the Netherlands,
ShareAlike License,[4] but more restrictive in that it allowed only   the public broadcasting network VPRO[20] has implemented
non-profit educational & personal use, forbade promotional or         CC licenses for its 3voor12 Plundert Musea[21] project, which
campaign use, and limited these rights to within the UK.              makes available samples from rare musical instruments, and
                                                                      furthermore the Dutch broadcaster also promotes CC music
During the pilot period, the Creative Archive received much           on its radio show Wissel.[22] Also of note is Images for the
praise. At its conclusion in September 2006, the BBC had              Future,[23] a joint project funded by the Dutch government to
released[5] nearly 500 clips, full programs, audio tracks, and        digitize nearly 3 million photos, 140,000 hours of audio,
images. As the recent director of the Creative Archive Paul           and 150,000 hours of video & film, which is another great
Gerhardt noted in an interview,[6] viewers respected the licenses,    example of efforts to preserve the commons through online
and during the trial period, only two minor licensing breaches        public access to cultural resources.
had been reported. However, a hurdle[7] for the initiative was
the fact that the Creative Archive could only license simple          However, despite many positive strides, creators working
rights material from the BBC, which meant that no third-party         for public broadcasters still often find themselves at odds
programming could be included in the Archive.                         with their institutions’ more traditional copyright policies. In-
                                                                      house legal departments can be reluctant to embrace user-
Still, as Herkko Hietanen points out in Community Created             generated content, remixes, downloads, and third-party
Content, “[8]The [Creative Archive] was in line with BBC’s            material, and at times, they may endorse restrictive DRM
goal ‘ to turn the BBC into an open cultural and creative             while resisting new and open media formats. As more and
resource for the nation’.” [9]The Creative Archive was indeed         more publicly-funded content goes online, it is important
a significant step for public interest and one of the BBC’s           enable and empower users, rather than leaving enriching
most applauded initiatives.[10] And so, although the Creative         material to digitally decay.
Archive is not longer in active use, the philosophy of open
licensing has continued to grow within the BBC.                       If readers have any additional examples of CC license usage
                                                                      in public broadcasting, we invite you to include them on our
Today several departments in the BBC publish content under            Content Directories wiki.[24]
Creative Commons licenses: album reviews (for example)[11]
and a partnership[12] with MusicBrainz, a community music             Endnotes
metadatabase that uses CC licenses. Furthermore, under
other licensing conditions, the BBC has opened up its website
to developers at

                                                                          Public Broadcasters > 47
CCi Points of Interest
Revised Guidelines For International License Porting

                                                                         • experience with hosting and organizing events
Creative Commons Wiki                               • strategies for fundraising
Overview                                                                 • willingness to work within the CCi guidelines
                                                                         • ability to communicate in English

In November CCI revised its guidelines for the international           Affiliate Institution
porting process. These guidelines provide an overview for              The Affiliate Institution officially houses the CC project in
founding of a local CC jurisdiction project with the aim of            their jurisdiction
porting of the CC licensing suite to national law.                       • locally run, owned, and managed
                                                                         • mandate of host institution and potential for independence
Creative Commons International, which oversees the                         of CC project
internationalization of the Creative Commons licensing
                                                                         • copyright/internet law expertise
suite, would like project teams in as many jurisdictions as
possible to join our efforts to increase the sum of raw source           • professional network, prestige
material online and to make access to that material cheaper              • willingness to collaborate
and easier. We are still looking for expert help all around              • capacity
the world. The following overview is designed to help you
understand what helping us would entail:
                                                                       Project Leads sign a Memorandum of
The porting process                                                    Understanding (MOU) with Creative
Affiliate Institution and Legal and/or
Public Project Leads are chosen                                        Once the Project Lead(s) and an Affiliate Institution have been
                                                                       identified, please email CCi with the names and contact
Building a Team                                                        information of the proposed team members. This information
To begin the process of porting the licenses to a new                  should also include formal titles, institutional positions, email
jurisdiction, a team of committed people within that                   addresses and any appropriate URLs.
jurisdiction must be identified. It is important that the team
members are dedicated to the project and are willing to                CCi will prepare an MOU to be signed by the project
cooperate with each other, CCi, and other affiliates around            leads and a representative from the affiliate institution. The
the world.                                                             purpose of the MOU is for the jurisdiction project and CC
                                                                       to agree upon several policies and expectations regarding
The following roles will need to be assigned:                          their collaboration and the license porting.

Legal Project Lead                                                     Please return the signed MOU first electronically followed
Legal Project Lead is responsible for drafting the CC licenses         by two originals in the mail to Gipsstrasse 12, 10119 Berlin
in their jurisdiction                                                  Germany. CCi will then sign and return one original to you.
   • professional legal credentials
                                                                       Internal administration and Timeline
  • re p u t a tio n am o n g co pyr igh t an d in t e ll e c t u al
    property experts
                                                                       Mailing Lists
  • enthusiasm for project                                             At this time, CCi will announce the Project Leads and the
  • willingness to work within the CCi guidelines                      Affiliate Institution on our mailing list and on our website
  • ability to communicate in English                                  under the column “Upcoming Jurisdictions”. There are other
                                                                       recommended Creative Commons mailing lists, which you
Public Project Lead                                                    may choose to join and contribute to as well.
Public Project Lead is a spokesperson for the CC Project in
their jurisdiction                                                     Furthermore, we will provide your jurisdiction with its own
  • strong network of collaborators                                    mailing list, which can be used to host discussions about

                                                                                        CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

the license drafts and coordinate events. Please invite         Translate the license (if applicable)
to your list interested and valuable stakeholders in your       Translate the license verbatim into the first official language
region. Examples of key stakeholders include prominent          of your jurisdiction.
commentators on copyright in your jurisdiction, Wikipedia
leaders in relevant region or language, and potential license   Analyze and adapt the license
adaptors in your area.                                          Once you have literally translated the license into your
                                                                jurisdiction’s first language, then you must modify the license
We encourage you use the mailing list as tool to involve        to be compliant with your applicable copyright legislation
and consult the members of your community, and also keep
them informed about developments in Creative Commons            Prepare an explanation in English
projects, both local and worldwide.                             Prepare a document that describes any substantial legal
                                                                changes made to the generic license. A suggested format
Developing a timeline                                           for this document is (by column): BY-NC-SA original version,
After the internal administration has been completed, the       BY-NC-SA ported version (in jurisdiction’s first language), BY-
jurisdiction’s project leads will propose a timeline for the    NC-SA ported version re-translated into English, commentary
porting process. Each step, especially the launch date,         to changes.
should be coordinated with the CCi team. Please find below
a suggested timeframe:                                          Send the license draft (re-translated into English)
                                                                and explanation of substantial legal changes
  • Legal Project Lead produces first draft, including re-      Send the re-translated license draft and the explanation of
    translation into English and chart of substantial legal     substantial legal changes to the CCi team.
    changes: one month
                                                                CCi reviews first draft
  • CCi reviews the first draft: one month
                                                                Please send the first draft and any other relevant material to
  • Public discussion: one month                                Catharina at CCi.
  • Legal Project Lead produces second draft: two weeks
  • CCi reviews second draft: one month                         At this point, she will review the draft and work closely
  • Project Leads arrange necessary translation and             with the Legal Project Lead to ensure that the license is as
    customization of the Commons Deed, the FAQs, and            suitable as possible. Depending on the circumstances, this
    other related content: one-two months                       collaboration will be conducted on a public list or offline.
  • Ported Licenses are posted on
    one week                                                    This stage may be intense, since there are often many
                                                                translation issues to consider. Therefore, it may take several
  • The Launch is celebrated!
                                                                email exchanges and/or phone calls to ensure that all
                                                                the fine points of the licenses have been addressed and
Legal Project Lead produces a first draft                       understood correctly.
After a timeline has been agreed upon, then the Legal Project
Lead will produce a first draft of the license.                 Please be patient and open to feedback -- we are all working
                                                                together to write the most comprehensive and accurate
Review the license                                              licenses as possible for your jurisdiction.
The license that you will be working with is the most recent
version of Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike (BY-NC-SA).     Public discussion
                                                                The public discussion is a stage in which the team
You should prepare the first draft from CCi’s working           invites members of the public to participate in the
document, which is a document based on the most recent          license drafting. Creative Commons will announce
version of BY-NC-SA, the most comprehensive CC license.         the draft on, and we expect
Every element required for all 6 generic licenses can be        the Legal Project Lead to encourage commentary and
found in BY-NC-SA.                                              criticism from their community.
This step is crucial in the porting process, since it enables             • how Creative Commons fits into the current legislation
the community to develop and improve the license. It is                   • changes that were made to the licenses to accommodate
important to conduct the public discussion in an open and                   local legislation and policy
fair way and to incorporate the changes that the community
deems appropriate.
                                                                        CCi reviews second draft
Before entering the public discussion, please                           Please send the second draft and any relevant material to
send us:                                                                CCi. Catharina will review the second draft and collaborate
  • the most recent license draft (in the jurisdiction’s first          with the Legal Project Lead to fine-tune the licenses and
    language) (PDF)                                                     confirm that all aspects have been addressed.
  • an English re-translation of the draft (PDF)
  • an explanation of the substantial legal changes in                  As with the first draft, this collaboration will be conducted
    English (PDF)                                                       either on a public list or offline.

  • name, title, and email addresses of each Project Lead.
                                                                        Again, please be patient at this stage. Sometimes local legal
    This information will be made public
                                                                        experts continue to make revisions once the second draft has
  • a short biography (2-3 paragraphs, including hyperlinks)            been submitted to CCi. It is sometimes necessary to redraft the
    about the Affiliate Institute                                       licenses several times before reaching a final, stable version.
  • a small logo for the Affiliate Institute (jpeg, png, svg, or
    gif preferred)                                                      However, please keep encouraging the input from your
                                                                        community. In the end, it will ensure that all bases have been
Once in the public discussion                                           covered and that your jurisdiction will be able to offer the
 • discuss with team members whom to invite and how to                  most complete licenses possible!
   ensure maximum involvement by local stakeholders
  • agree with team members on to how to structure                      Project leads finalize licenses and arrange
    the discussion                                                      technical requirements
  • develop a summary of the list and highlight specific issues
    to be addressed in the second draft                                 Transform the licenses
                                                                        Once CCi, the Legal Project Lead, and the jurisdiction’s
Legal Project Lead produces second draft                                community have agreed upon the license draft, then the
Once the Project Leads agree that enough time in the public             Legal Lead will be responsible for transforming the BY-NC-
discussion has elapsed, then they can begin to work on                  SA license into the six generic CC licenses:
a second draft. This draft should be a revision based on
comments gained in the public discussion.                                 • BY-NC-ND
                                                                          • BY-NC-SA
When the second draft is finalized, we kindly ask for another
                                                                          • BY-NC
English re-translation of the draft, and please point out and
explain the changes that have been made.                                  • BY-ND
                                                                          • BY-SA
If any interesting and relevant material has surfaced during              • BY
the public discussion that you would like to share, we
encourage you to forward the information to us so that we               All of these licenses can be derived from the clauses
can inform the CC community. Examples of relevant material              contained in BY-NC-SA.
   • a brief history of copyright law and intellectual property         Translate informational material
     rights in your jurisdiction                                        The Project Leads will also be responsible for coordinating
  • outline and links to major legislation and international treaties   the literal translation of CC’s informational material. If these
    that affect copyright and IP rights in your jurisdiction            documents are already translated into your jurisdiction?s

                                                                                         CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

first language, then you may also like to consider offering         will be the decision of the Project Leads. However, the event
translations in other common languages in your region.              should attract publicity to make sure the people will know
Furthermore, you should read through all documents to ensure        where to find “creative work available for others to create
that the specifics of your jurisdiction are reflected in the        upon and share.”
translations. These documents include, but are not limited to:
   • FAQs                                                           Future collaboration
  • Commons Deed                                                    After the launch, the jurisdiction team and CCi will discuss
  • Trademark policy (other policies)                               whether the Project Leads and the Affiliate Institution would
                                                                    like to continue to work with CC as part of an ongoing
  • Disclaimer
                                                                    collaboration. The parties agreeing to stay on board will
  • Legal Concepts                                                  then sign a Legal/Public Project Lead Agreement, which
  • Choosing a License                                              outlines the expectations and responsibility involved in
  • CC films on dotsub                                              continued collaboration.

Creating the XHTML files
Next your team will need to prepare all 6 ported licenses
as XHTML files.

To create these files, please go to the /worldwide page on
the Creative Commons site. Under “Completed Licenses,”
click on a jurisdiction’s flag. For this step, we recommend
that you work from a launched jurisdiction with the same
license version that you are porting (e.g., 3.0) and if possible
that shares the same language or script as your jurisdiction.
These similarities will make formatting the XHTML files easier
for you.

If it is not possible to work from an existing jurisdiction, then
we recommend working from the unported license.

Please note that no further changes will be
possible once they have been published

Launch of the national version of the

Press release
Once the XHTML files for all six licenses have been received,
CCi will post the licenses on the /international page along
with the Commons Deed in your jurisdiction’s language(s).
Then CCi will generate a press release to announce the
launch. At this time, please send any relevant information
about the project or event to CCi. A presskit for high quality
graphic files can be found at

The launch event
Whether the launch is in the form of a party, convention,
television program, press conference, or all of the above,
CCi Points of Interest
Asia and the Commons Case Studies 2008

Creative Commons Australia                                          • Pig Head Skin & Jesus Rocks! (http://creativecommons.                          
asiaandthecommons                                                   • Creative Commons Taiwan (
                                                                    • International IDEA Publishing (http://creativecommons.
The Asia and the Commons case study project represents an   
effort to uncover exemplary individuals and organisations           • 60Sox       ( h t t p : //c r e a t i v e c o m m o n s . o r g . a u /
engaged in the commons in the Asia-Pacific region. From               asiaandthecommons/60sox)
Australia and New Zealand to Malaysia and India—in text             • Arab Commons (
and film and music and image—this booklet[1] is a snapshot of         asiaandthecommons/arabcommons)
the Asian commons. The booklet has been prepared as part            • Show Some Color (
of ACIA: International Workshop on Asia and Commons in                asiaandthecommons/showsomecolor)
the Information Age[2] in Taiwan on 19-20 January, 2008.            • Global Voices Online (
This research is part of the Creative Commons Clinic[3]             • Foundation for P2P Alternatives (http://creativecommons.
research program, funded by the Australian Research         
Council Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and            • EngageMedia (ht tp://
Innovation[4] at the Queensland University of Technology.[5] It       asiaandthecommons/engagemedia)
is being undertaken in collaboration with Creative Commons          • Moshang & Asian Variations (http://creativecommons.
Australia[6] as part of the iCommons[7] Local Context, Global
Commons initiative.[8]                                              • NLA Picture Australia Click & Flick (http://creativecommons.
Its primary goal is to examine past, present, and future            • openDemocracy (
implementations of commons-based projects to offer insights           asiaandthecommons/opendemocracy)
into the innovative operation and possible future direction of      • Creative Commons Clinic (
Asia and the Commons.                                                 au/asiaandthecommons/ccClinic)
                                                                    • Sony eyeVio (ht tp://cre ative
The case studies assembled to date represent activities in            asiaandthecommons/sonyeyeVio)
nine countries, broader regions such as the Arab nations,
and global efforts towards sustainability and social justice,     To this end, we invite any individual or organisation
revealing creative ways of participating in the commons.          participating in the commons to submit their stories to info@
Featured are remix artists, performers, open-source software Bountiful thanks go to all contributors
programmers, filmmakers, collecting institutions and              and participants in these projects for helping to make the
publishing houses focused on democracy and change, who            commons a flourishing cultural movement.
demonstrate a diverse set of motivations to engage with the
shared ideals of openness and community collaboration.            Download the booklet at
We hope that you enjoy reading these vignettes, and               booklet.pdf
are inspired to contact the individuals and organisations
involved. This booklet will contribute to a larger selection of   Endnotes
case studies to be presented at the iSummit ’08, to be held in
Sapporo, Japan, between 29 July and 1 August, 2008.
Case Studies                                                      4
  • Following Alexis West (
  • Strange Symphonies Blog (          7

                                                                                     CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CCi Points of Interest
Visit Planet Creative Commons                                   First CC-licensed Photography
                                                                Contest in China

by Mike Linksvayer                                              by Michelle Thorne
1 March 2008                                                    19 September 2007          

                                                                CC in China Mainland[1] has partnered with the online
                                                                photo-sharing community and one of China’s
                                                                largest internet portals,, to co-sponsor the first CC-
                                                                licensed photography contest[2] in China Mainland. The first
                                                                submissions were received on September 1st, 2007, and at
                                                                the time of this posting, entries now number around 3,500
                                                                and span three major categories: society & humanity, nature
                                                                & landscape, and portrait.

In the universe of blogs and other syndicated content, a
planet is a service that aggregates a specific set of blogs,
usually all relevant to a particular community, so that one
may easily follow conversations (or at least blogged updates)
in the community or drop in and see what is happening in a
community without having to visit many individual blogs (and
having to figure out which ones to visit).

Planet Debian[1] and Planet GNOME[2] were the first two
planets. Now a planet aggregator is a well established
communications channel for many large free software             The contest is open to both professional and amateur
communities, complementing mailing lists, IRC, wikis, and       photographers, and as the blog from CC in China Mainland
individual and project blogs. Planet Mozilla[3] is another      reports,[3] all entrants will select a localized CC license for
good example.                                                   their photos.

We’ve been syndicating CC jurisdiction project blogs on         Judging will be carried out in two phases, the first consisting
the CC home page[4] for a while. Now you can see more           of open, online voting ending October 15, followed by a
and subscribe at     selection by a panel of experts. Awards will be presented
Or visit the Planet Creative Commons[5] home page to get        to the winners on November 3rd at the National Library of
this blog, CC jurisdiction blogs, and various CC community      China[4] accompanying the opening of a critically-acclaimed
blogs all at one time.                                          photography exhibition.

You can read about the software that runs the Planet on the     Official contest page:
CC wiki,[6] including CC engineer Nathan Kinkade’s plugin
to read syndicated license information.[7]

Endnotes                                                        Endnotes
1                                     1
2                                      2
3                                    3
4                     first-cc-licensed-photography-contest-in-china/
5                            4
CCi Points of Interest
CC China Photo Contest                                              Panda Punk Lab: Inauguration
                                                                    in Chile

by Joi Ito                                                          by Michelle Thorne
4 November 2007                                                     14 November 2007              

Yesterday, I attended the Creative Commons China[1] Photo           Claudio Ruiz[1] from Creative Commons in Chile[2] reports
Content ceremony at the National Library in Beijing. There          the inauguration of the Panda Punk Lab, a multimedia lab
were 10,000 submissions of professional and amateur                 in Chillán City offering educational software running on an
works licensed under various CC licenses. There were three          Ubuntu Linux operating system:
categories: Society, Nature and Portraits. Winners were
chosen by a panel of judges including famous photographers,            “ Because the indemnification received by the violation of
professors and other notable people. The photographs were              a Creative Commons license - the first case in Chile and
amazing. There is a web page of the winning photographs.               Latin America - the “Panda Punk Lab” was inaugurated
    Don’t forget to click the link underneath the winning photos       yesterday (Monday), which will benefit more than 200
for the second place winner gallery.                                   students of the E-120 “María Saavedra” School, Chillán.

While we have silly people in the West saying that for every           During the ceremony, the Director of Studies of NGO
free photo on Flickr a professional photographer loses their           Derechos Digitales,[3] Alberto Cerda, emphasized how
job, we have professional photographers in China licensing             this donation ratifies the validity of the CC licenses to
their best works under CC licenses. As far as I could tell, the        share and spread intellectual works, and protect them
amateur and professional photographers seemed integrated               from non-authorized uses.
and supportive of each other.
                                                                       The case was born in April of 2007 when designer
After the awards ceremony, we have a workshop with                     Armando Torrealba realized one of his works - a panda
presentations from an illustrious and interesting group of             bear drawing with pink punk hair - was used by a retail
speakers. Overall a groundbreaking and well executed                   store for publicity without his authorization. After NGO
event. Congratulations Chunyan and the CC China team!                  Derechos Digitales’ intervention, the enterprise indemnified
                                                                       the professional with a non-specified amount,[4] part
I’m uploading photos from my trip in a Flickr set.[3] I found out      of which was destined to the implementation of this
yesterday that there is a Firefox Plugin to bypass the Chinese         laboratory.”
block on Flickr.[4]
Endnotes                                                            1
1                               2
2                   3
3        4
4                commons-logra-triunfo-historico-en-la-proteccion-de-los-

                                                                    Image: Inauguración Laboratorio
                                                                    PPunk, photo by Derechos
                                                                    Digitales (
                                                                    licensed under CC BY-SA. (http://
                                                                    sa/2.0) More photos. (http://flickr.

                                                                                      CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CC News
Creative Commons Announces New Leadership, New Funding

by Eric Steuer                                                     Change Congress, a movement to increase transparency
1 April 2008                                                       in the US government’s legislative branch. In order to                       concentrate on this effort, Lessig is stepping down as CEO
                                                                   of Creative Commons. He will be replaced by entrepreneur,
                                                                   venture capitalist, and free culture advocate Joi Ito. Lessig
Today, Creative Commons is excited to make two                     will remain on the Creative Commons board.
important announcements.
                                                                   “Although I have changed my focus, I’m still very much
First, we’re thrilled about a major new grant of $4                committed to Creative Commons and the Free Culture
million from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation,[1]          cause,” Lessig said. “The work I intend to do with Change
consisting of $2.5 million to provide general support to           Congress is in many ways complementary to the work of
Creative Commons over five years, as well as $1.5 million          Creative Commons. Both projects are about putting people
to support ccLearn.[2]                                             in power and enabling them to build a better system. I could
                                                                   not be more pleased to hand off the leadership of Creative
We’re also pleased to announce some changes to CC’s                Commons to the extraordinarily passionate and qualified Joi
leadership that reflect. Lawrence Lessig[3] is stepping down as    Ito.”
CEO of Creative Commons, to focus on his newly-launched
project, Change Congress.[4] He will be replaced by                “Under Larry’s management, Creative Commons has grown
entrepreneur, venture capitalist, and free culture advocate Joi    from an inspirational idea to an essential part of the technical,
Ito.[5] Lessig will remain on the Creative Commons board.          social, and legal landscape involving organizations and
                                                                   people in 80 countries,” said Ito. “With it, the organization
From Larry:                                                        has grown in size and complexity, and I am excited to
                                                                   increase the level of my participation to help manage this
   “Both pieces of news we are announcing today reflect            amazing group of people. The Hewlett Foundation has been
   Creative Commons’ maturation from a startup into crucial        a major supporter of ours from the beginning and we could
   infrastructure for creativity, education, and research in the   not be more grateful for their support going forward into the
   digital age.”                                                   future.”

Founding board member and Duke law professor James                 Founding board member and Duke law professor James
Boyle[6] will become chair of the board, replacing Ito, who        Boyle will become chair of the board, replacing Ito, who
will remain on the board.                                          remains on the board. “Jamie has demonstrated his
                                                                   commitment to Creative Commons from its founding,” said
San Francisco, CA, USA — April 1, 2008                             Lessig. “He led the formation of Science Commons and
                                                                   ccLearn, our divisions focused on scientific research and
Creative Commons, a nonprofit organization that works to           education respectively. There is no person better suited to
expand the body of creative work available to the public for       lead the Creative Commons board.”
legal sharing and use, today announced both a leadership
evolution and a major new grant of $4 million from the             Boyle is optimistic about Creative Commons’ future. “If one
William and Flora Hewlett Foundation to support its activities.    looks at all the amazing material that has been placed
“Both pieces of news we are announcing today reflect               under our licenses – from MIT’s Open Courseware and
Creative Commons’ maturation from a startup into crucial           the Public Library of Science to great music, from countless
infrastructure for creativity, education, and research in the      photographs and blogs to open textbooks – one realizes
digital age,” said the organization’s founder, Stanford law        that, under Larry’s leadership, the organization has actually
professor Lawrence Lessig. Creative Commons celebrated its         helped build a global ‘creative commons’ in which millions
fifth anniversary last December.                                   of people around the world participate, either as creators
                                                                   or users. My job will be to use the skills of the remarkable
Lessig has announced a shift of academic focus from                people on our board – including a guy called Larry Lessig,
copyright to political corruption. He recently launched            who has promised me he isn’t going away any time soon –
                                                                   to make sure that mission continues and expands.”
                                                                CC News
                                                                A pproved             for       F ree C ultural

                                                                by Mike Linksvayer
The Hewlett Foundation grant consists of $2.5 million to        20 February 2008
provide general support to Creative Commons over five years
and $1.5 million to support ccLearn, the division of Creative
Commons that is focused on open educational resources.
“The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation has been a strong
supporter of openness and open educational resources in
particular,” said Catherine Casserly, the Director of the
Open Educational Resources Initiative at Hewlett. “Creative
Commons licenses are a critical part of the infrastructure
of openness on which those efforts depend.” The Hewlett
grant was a vital part of a five-year funding plan which also
saw promises of support from Omidyar Network, Google,
Mozilla, Red Hat, and the Creative Commons board.

Creative Commons also announces two other senior staff
changes. Diane Peters joins the organization as General
Counsel. Peters arrives from the Mozilla Corporation, serves
on the board of the Software Freedom Law Center, and was        We’ve just added the seal you see at right to Creative
previously General Counsel for Open Source Development          Commons licenses that qualify as Free Culture Licenses[1]
Labs and the Linux Foundation. She has extensive experience     according to the Definition of Free Cultural Works —
collaborating with and advising nonprofit organizations,        Attribution[2] and Attribution-ShareAlike.[3] Public domain[4] is
development communities, and high-tech companies on a           not a license, but is an acceptable copyright status for free
variety of matters.                                             cultural works according to the Definition.

Vice President and General Counsel Virginia Rutledge, who       One obvious way to think of the definition is as an application
joined Creative Commons last year from Cravath, Swaine          of the principles of free software[5] to content. These demand
& Moore LLP, will take on a new role as Vice President and      the freedom to modify without any discrimination against
Special Counsel. In her new role, Rutledge will focus on        uses or users, which means that Creative Commons licenses
development and external relations, while continuing to lead    containing the NonCommercial or NoDerivatives terms do
special legal projects.                                         not qualify. Of course you don’t have to agree with the
                                                                definition of freedom used by the free software movement
Endnotes                                                        and the Definition of Free Cultural Works, and even if you
                                                                do agree, there may be reasons for using a more restrictive
                                                                license in some cases. However, this seal and approval
                                                                signals an important delineation between less and more
                                                                restrictive licenses, one that creators and users of content
                                                                should be aware of.

                                                                A very practical reason users should be aware of these
                                                                distinctions is that some important projects accept only freely
                                                                (as defined) licensed or public domain content, in particular
                                                                Wikipedia and Wikimedia sites, which use the Definition of
                                                                Free Cultural Works in their licensing guidelines. Indeed,
                                                                clear marking of qualifying CC licenses as free is one of
                                                                the issues to be addressed[6] for a potential migration of
                                                                Wikipedia to CC Attribution-ShareAlike.[7]

                                                                 Free Cultural Works > 47

                                                                                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CC News
CC0 beta/discussion draft feedback and next step

by Mike Linksvayer                                                   like to use this opportunity to engage at the beginning of
16 February 2008                                                     our process with CC international jurisdiction projects[3]                         and other experts to make sure CC0 is the most universal
                                                                     waiver/maximally thin license possible.
                                                                   • Avoiding confusion between the Waiver and the Assertion
On January 15 we launched discussion[1] of two new tools             will also help with efforts to educate about the existence of
in a beta US version, both branded “CC0? — a Waiver of               the “public domain” in every jurisdiction, whether called by
all copyrights in a work, and an Assertion that there are no         that name or not. The Assertion tool should now include the
copyrights in a work. After taking account of your feedback          ability to indicate reasons why a work would be in the public
(thank you!), a lot of internal discussion has led us to plan        domain under the law of jurisdictions other than the US.
some changes. We are now planning to have the next                 • We also want to be clear that there is no need to buy
iteration of the beta ready for discussion by March 31, but          into CC0 branding in order to use CC-built metadata to
will describe the overall changes below for early feedback           communicate the rights associated with any particular work.
as we work toward that iteration.                                    Our goal is interoperability — it’s the “Rights Expression
                                                                     Language” part of ccREL,[4] not the “cc”, that we care about
• Many found the use of “CC0? for both the Waiver and                the most.
  Assertion tools to be confusing. Going forward, we plan
  to separate the tools more clearly. As a legal tool, the CC0
                                                                   We hope these changes will help clarify messaging
  Waiver can be thought of as the “no rights reserved” option
                                                                   and make it easier for us to build — with your help —
  within the CC licensing suite. The Assertion is something
                                                                   the simplest and most effective tools for global usage.
  different — not a legal tool, but a method of enabling
                                                                   Primary discussion of this work will continue on the cc-
  statements of fact about the public domain.
                                                                   licenses list.[5] Please join in!
• Thinking of the CC0 Waiver as part of the licensing suite is
  also in keeping with the legal reality that in some situations   Endnotes
  the tool will probably function as a license rather than         1
  a waiver. So we want to begin with a “Universal” (not            2
  “Unported”) version of the tool. We do not want to give          3
  US legal code a special status here. This means we need          4
  to address now some additional legal issues, such as             5
  moral rights and the question of rights in databases. Much
  discussion of the moral rights issue has already taken place
  within the CC community, and we will make use of that
  input. Open Data Commons[2] has provided an example
  of how database rights might be addressed. We would

CC Press Kit Relaunched
by Alex Roberts                                                    direct links to vector versions of our icons and license buttons,
27 March 2008                                                      and are recommended for use in videos and printed works.
We are pleased to announce a brand new Press Kit page.[1]          Please read our policies page[2] for information on how
Based on user requests and feedback, we have completely            our logos may be used, and see our marking project[3] for
redesigned it to make it easier for you to find and use specific   examples and best practices on marking your work.
CC graphics.
As before, all graphics are available in various formats for       1
any purpose, including large format transparent PNGs —             2
which work well in presentations. The page also features           3
Science Commons News
A commons-sense approach to winning
the drug discovery lottery

by Kaitlin Thaney
24 February 2008

In a new piece[1] [free reg. req.] this week from GenomeWeb             It is not easy. But it is, in a way, a very simple change.
Daily News, Aled Edwards[2] — director and CEO of the                   It just requires the flipping of a switch, from a default rule
Structural Genomics Consortium[3] — describes the drug                  of “sharing doesn’t matter” to one of “sharing matters
discovery process as a “lottery,” and argues that increasing            enormously.” It is as easy, and as hard, as the NIH
the chances for discovery will require that people in                   mandate on open access. It’s a matter of willpower.
“academia, industry, and funding bodies collaborate and
keep new structural data accessible to all researchers who           Edwards points out that governments and academic
might be interested in using it.”                                    institutions spend “hundreds of billions of dollars” each year
                                                                     on activities related to drug development, and biotech and
The sentiment echoes those of Science Commons’ own                   pharmaceutical companies “spend another $50 billion.” Yet
John Wilbanks, who earlier this year wrote a post on the             the pace of discovery remains static — and according to
Nature Network[4] comparing drug discovery to a game                 Edwards, may even be slowing down.
of roulette. It’s a game, says Wilbanks, that people win by
“betting on every square, then patenting the one that wins           Clearly, the current approach isn’t working. We at Science
and extracting high rents from it.” The biggest problem in this      Commons are encouraged that more people are coming to
scenario, he argues, isn’t the existence of patents, but the         understand that it’s time for a new approach to tilt the odds
sheer complexity of the human body, and how much we still            in our favor — so that we can save not only time and money,
have to learn about it:                                              but also human lives.

   Human bodies make microprocessors look like children’s            Endnotes
   toys in terms of complexity. …Complexity is the problem
   both in terms of our understanding of bodies and drugs
   and in terms of reworking the models around discovery.
   This system regularly and utterly defeats the best efforts
   of many entrepreneurs and policy reformers to change
   things for the better.

So what’s the solution? According to Wilbanks, it’s a
“commons approach,” which entails precisely the kind of
collaboration that Edwards advocates:

   It requires open access to content, journals and databases
   both. It requires that database creators think about their
   products as existing in a network, and provide hooks for
   the network, not just query access. It requires that funders
   pay for biobanks to store research tools. It requires that
   pharmaceutical companies take a hard look at their
   private assets and build some trust in entities that make
   sharing possible. It requires that scientists share their stuff
   (this is the elephant in the lab, frankly). It requires that
   universities track sharing as a metric of scientific and
   societal impact.

                                                                                      CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

Science Commons News
Response to STM statement on author addenda

by Kaitlin Thaney
14 March 2008

The International Association of Scientific, Technical &              need now more than ever greater clarity and transparency.
Medical Publishers (STM)[1] recently released a statement this        Overly general statements about what “typical” or “most”
March called “Statement on journal publishing agreements              publications agreements allow should hardly be of comfort.
and copyright agreement ‘addenda.’”[2] It dismisses concerns
of scholars, scientists, and universities that publisher copyright    It is, nonetheless, a step in the right direction for journals to
agreements leave authors without sufficient rights to share           acknowledge that authors should be able to retain more rights
or re-use their own articles as “rhetorical.” The statement           to their own articles. Authors receive no compensation for their
suggested that “standard journal agreements” already allow            articles, and are often called upon to provide peer review
authors to retain rights that various copyright addenda, like         for others without compensation. Journals, of course, provide
the ones offered by Science Commons,[3] SPARC,[4] MIT,[5]             valuable services, including the coordination of peer review,
and others, were designed to address. Thus, they seem to              for which they ought to receive fair compensation. However,
suggest, the addenda are superfluous at best.                         this statement by these publishers implicitly acknowledges that
                                                                      the balance has rested too far in favor of restrictive journal
However, despite their insistence that “most” journal                 policies intended to protect revenue streams, and that this
publication agreements “typically” allow authors to retain            balance has been shifting, and needs to shift further, in favor
some combination of rights, the reality is that there is no           of authors’ freedom and the public interest.
“standard” publication agreement. Publications agreements
vary widely in what rights they allow scholars to keep,               Endnotes
ranging from full rights of re-use and sharing to sometimes
exotic format restrictions (you can distribute the doc or html
version but not the pdf) to no rights at all, so that scholars have       %20Agreements%2020080310.pdf
to purchase copies of their articles if they want to distribute       3
to colleagues. The Sherpa project[6] has a large database             4
showing the variations among journal policies. Unfortunately,         5
even Sherpa’s summaries of these policies do not always                   form/
reflect the most accurate or up-to-date information, because          6
the journals can change their publication agreements or
policies from time to time. Some of these policies are buried
in fine print, some are only found on obscure journal web
pages, and some are not published anywhere and are only
communicated to a scholar when they bother to call the
publisher. And of course these policies are subject to change
at any time.

Copyright addenda are needed because most authors don’t
have a lawyer, much less a whole legal department or law
firm (as most publishers have) to parse the legal language
of publication agreements for them. They also don’t have
the time to search through journal Web sites for hard-
to-find policies and to stay up to date with journal policy
changes. By attaching a standard addendum, scholars
can ensure that they retain those rights that they expect to
have without having to be a lawyer themselves. With more
private and public funders mandating open access, scholars
ccLearn News
B ay a n i h a n B o ok s ,                 an      Open           OpenCourseWare Launched at
Textbook Initiative                                                United Nations University

by Jane Park                                                       by Jane Park
6 February 2008                                                    6 February 2008             

Bayanihan is a Tagalog term originating from the root word         The United Nations University, an official member of the
Bayani, or hero. Today, Bayanihan represents an heroic             OpenCourseWare Consortium,[1] has just launched their web
effort on the part of the community, or the actions of a group     learning portal. Joining more than 100[2] other institutions
of people that result in a common good. Greg Moreno’s              of higher education, UNU is providing open access to an
new initiative, Bayanihan Books,[1] is aptly named.                initial dozen[3] training courses, spanning from subjects like
                                                                   Integrated Water Resources Management to the Social
With 17.5 million public school students in the Philippines,       Construction of Technology in Development. The courses
affordable access to textbooks is not a simple matter.             are aimed towards educators, students, and individuals–
Textbook companies can monopolize the market, upping               pretty much anyone who’s interested.
prices for students and schools that can’t always afford
them. Moreno’s plan is to compete with these companies by          Rather than replacing for-credit courses, the United
shifting the control of textbook content from a few to many—       Nations University recognizes the significance of different
the community. Textbook making will be a collaborative             approaches to education in the 21st century. As a result,
project, a sort of wiki-style peer editing and review consisting   the courses are licensed under the Creative Commons
of volunteers. The content will be published under a Creative      Attribution License 2.5.[4]
Commons license specific to the Philippines that allows it to
be shared. But the ultimate goal is to have the content be in      Endnotes
print and distributed widely to public schools. That’s where       1
the publishing companies come in.                                  2
                                                                      content &task=view&id=17&Itemid=32
The publishing companies will bid on the content, and
because they don’t have to deal with doling out royalty fees
to a community of volunteers, they will only have to shoulder
the costs of the actual printing. Then they can distribute the
books at minimal cost to schools around the country, while
still making quite a profit for themselves. Everyone wins.

Currently, they are working on these two books.     [2]


                                                                                   CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CC Points of Interest
Wikitravel Press launches first                                    Nebraska Library Commission
printed titles                                                     adds CC- licensed books to
by Mike Linksvayer                                                 by Timothy Vollmer
3 February 2008                                                    22 February 2008             

Wikitravel Press announced[1] its first printed guidebooks,        Congratulations to the Nebraska Library Commission[1] for
Wikitravel Chicago[2] and Wikitravel Singapore.[3] Like the        spearheading an initiative[2] to add Creative Commons-
Wikitravel site,[4] the books are licensed under CC Attribution-   licensed book editions to the library collection. Michael
ShareAlike,[5] allowing sharing and adaption, including            Sauers,[3] Technology Innovation Librarian for the Commission,
commercial uses.                                                   was asked, “Why don’t libraries start cataloging and offering
                                                                   CC-licensed works?”
Taking collaboratively created material to print is another
landmark for the Wikitravel community, and another                 The NLC staff went to work cataloging
commercial success for Wikitravel’s founders, who sold the         and then posting electronic versions
site to Internet Brands in 2006[6] and subsequently launched       of CC-licensed works like Cory
Wikitravel Press[7] (they have an agreement with Internet Brands   Doctorow’s Down and Out in the
to use the Wikitravel name in this independent business).          Magic Kingdom and Steven Poole’s
                                                                   Trigger Happy to the library’s web
Wikitravel Press titles look like normal guidebooks rather than    server. Patrons can now access these
printouts of related wiki articles, but they aren’t stale tomes    and other CC-licensed books from the
either — they’re updated every month[8] and printed to order.      online library catalog. Sauers adds
So while the businesses-built-on-liberal-licenses angle is cool,   that some of the CC-licensed titles were
I think currency is another area in which Wikitravel Press will    also printed as spiral-bound books so
lead the travel guide pack. As someone who has printed out         they could be added to the library’s
articles from Wikitravel and other online resources in lieu of     physical collection.
buying travel books for a couple years (in spite of always
ending up with a disorganized mess of papers by the end of         The Nebraska Library Commission
a trip), I wouldn’t go back to the convenient packaging of a       now offers nine CC-licensed electronic          Nebraska Library
book unless it were nearly as up to date as the web.               titles, and hopes to add more. This is          Commission. “Someone Comes
                                                                   fantastic news, and we encourage other          to Town, Someone Leaves Town
Endnotes                                                           libraries to follow their lead. It’d be great   by Cory Doctorow” CC BY-NC-SA
1                                                                         2.0
                                                                   for Michael and the NLC to document             librarycommission/2250621029/
                                                                   and share the specifics of the cataloging
                                                                   process so other libraries can try it too!
                                                                   Check out some photos[4] from the NLC.
7                   Endnotes
8                                 1
CC Points of Interest
Freeing America’s Operating System

by Mike Linksvayer
11 February 2008

Last November Carl Malamud’s Public.Resource.Org                         Resource.Org to deliver this important governmental and
announced[1] an initiative to free 1.8 million pages of U.S. case        judicial material back into the public domain.
law, publishing them online with no restrictions on reuse.
                                                                     Carl Malamud (emphasis added):
Today the results of this initiative are available at http://bulk.                                                Developers and interested members of the public are
                                                                         invited to join our open discussion group which will
From the press release (pdf):[2]                                         evaluate the format of this public domain data. These
                                                                         cases and codes are America’s operating system and for
   Today’s release covers all U.S. Supreme Court decisions               the first time Americans can use them with freedom.
   and all Courts of Appeals decisions from 1950 on. The
   release is equivalent to 1,858 volumes of case law in             Read whole release,[3] get the data.[4]
   book form, a stack of books 348 feet tall.
   The files have all been converted to the XHTML standard and
   make extensive use of CSS style sheets to allow developers
   to build new search engines and user interfaces. Since the
   U.S. Courts do not yet digitally sign their documents, a
   SHA1 hash is provided on their behalf.

   The source of this case law is a transaction previously
   announced with Fastcase, Inc., a leading provider of
   American legal research tools. Public.Resource.Org and
   Creative Commons were represented by the Electronic
   Frontier Foundation in this transaction.

   Purchase of this valuable data was made possible
   by generous donations from a group that includes the
   Omidyar Network and several individuals including David
   Boies, the Elbaz Family Foundation, and John Gilmore.

Quotes, also from the release — David Boies:

   Practical access for all Americans to legal cases and
   material is essential to the rule of law. The Legal
   Commons is an important step in reducing the barriers
   to effective representation of average citizens and public
   interest advocates.

Lawrence Lessig:

   Just as markets are premised on the free flow of
   information, so is our democratic system of government.
   Creative Commons is proud to be working with Public.

                                                                                      CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CC Points of Interest
Is it possible to design non-defective DRM?

by Mike Linksvayer                                                   The only exception to that certain futility rule has been Sun’s
28 February 2008                                                     Project DReaM[8] team. While it is far from clear that they                         have succeeded, theirs is perhaps the first honest attempt
                                                                     (at least outside academia) to specify a DRM system that
                                                                     supports CC licensed content and fair use — which we
DRM[1] (Digital Rights Management, pejoratively known as             consider a requirement for supporting CC licenses.
Digital Restrictions Management) is said to be defective
by design[2] — making digital devices and content more               The project has produced two white papers outlining potential
annoying, less secure, less compatible, [3]and generally less        support for CC licensed work and fair use, which are now
useful, and especially where protected by recent legislation,        open for comments: DReaM-MMI Profile for Creative Commons
in conflict with free speech. If this dysfunction is not included    Licenses (pdf)[9] and Support for Fair Use with Project DReaM
by design, it is at least a direct side effect of a largely futile   (pdf).[10] A forum[11] has been set up to collect comments.
attempt to make computers worse at copying.
                                                                     An introductory post [12] from Susan Landau sets forth
In light of these problems, Creative Commons licenses                the challenge:
stipulate[4] the following:
                                                                        This is just to say that we welcome comments on the
   When You Distribute or Publicly Perform the Work, You                DReaM-MMI fair use document and the DReaM-MMI
   may not impose any effective technological measures on               specification for implementing Creative Commons
   the Work that restrict the ability of a recipient of the Work        licenses. We’re not unaware of the inherent contradiction
   from You to exercise the rights granted to that recipient            of a DRM’s support for fair use and Creative Commons
   under the terms of the License.                                      licenses. What we are seeking to do in DReaM is develop
                                                                        an open-source DRM system, and include in it the things
This is not an outright prohibition of DRM on works distributed         that ought to be part of any DRM system: support for fair
under terms of any CC license, but it does rule out existing            use — and Creative Commons licenses.
DRM schemes that would clearly restrict the ability to exercise
the rights granted in any CC license.                                We are very happy that Project DReaM has taken this step
                                                                     to encourage open discussion, which is certain to generate
However, use of Digital Rights Expression, also variously            intense criticism, as anyone familiar with the DRM debates
known as Digital Rights Description and Rights Management            will immediately recognize. However, open criticism by
Information, has always been a core part of Creative                 many legal and computer security experts is the only way
Commons’ strategy. The point of DRE and other information            to properly evaluate a DRM system that aspires to support
describing creative works is to describe works, not to facilitate    public licenses and fair use.
restrictions imposed by your own computer. Computers
should help users find[5] and manage[6] content, not help            There is some existing literature on DRM and fair use. One
content owners manage and expose users.                              starting point is a 2003 special issue of the Communications
                                                                     of the ACM on the theme “Digital Rights Management and
We’ve only begun to exploit the ability of machine-readable          Fair Use by Design.” Unfortunately these papers are not
code describing works and licenses to make media more                open access, but abstracts and exceprts are available at
valuable rather than less. Look for a paper on what we’re            Cover Pages.[13] Another is the DRM page of the Samuelson
now calling ccREL[7] — CC Rights Expression Language —               Law, Technology & Public Policy Clinic,[14] which features
coming soon.                                                         several downloadable papers on DRM and fair use. In brief,
                                                                     there are two extremely difficult problems to overcome for a
ccREL has nothing to do with DRM, but this hasn’t stopped            DRM system to support fair use: determining what constitutes
many people with DRM implementations or schemes from                 fair use or trusting users and privacy.
approaching us about making CC licenses work with their
DRM. Nearly all of these conversations have been very brief          Even if Project DReaM has successfully specified support
as they were clearly futile.
                                                                CC Points of Interest
                                                                L o o p s : S o l o D a n c e , CC -

for CC licensed works and fair use with DRM, there would        by Cameron Parkins
probably be other hurdles to deploying truly non-defective      22February 2008
DRM. The good news is that in the last year many more 
people have realized that DRM is not good for business or
consumers, particularly in the music industry. [15] However,
attempts to make DRM work will probably be with us for some     Loops[1] is an amazing new project, created collaboratively
time. If it can be shown that it is possible to design a DRM    between the Merce Cunningham Dance Company[2] and
system that supports fair use, consumers and advocates can      The OpenEnded Group,[3] to release Merce Cunningham’s[4]
demand that all DRM systems meet that standard. If not (and     choreography for his solo dance Loops under a CC BY-NC-
admittedly, we suspect this is the case), all the more reason   SA license.[5]
to hasten the abandonment of DRM and the hindrance it
poses to innovation, and to embrace technologies that make      By releasing Loops under a CC-license, anyone is able
content more useful and empower users.                          to perform, reproduce, and adapt it for non-commercial
                                                                purposes. Simultaneously, the digital artists of The OpenEnded
Endnotes                                                        Group (Marc Downie, Shelley Eshkar, and Paul Kaiser) will
                                                                release a digital portrait of Cunningham, also entitled Loops,
                                                                as open source software. This artwork derives from a high-
                                                                resolution 3D recording of Cunningham performing the solo
                                                                with his hands and promises to provide ample substance for
                                                                derivative works.
                                                                The public release of the Loops project will take place this
                                                                Tuesday, February 26 at 6:30 PM in the Merce Cunningham
                                                                Studio.[6] The event is co-hosted by the New York Public
                                                                Library for the Performing Arts at Lincoln Center[7] and will
     Fair-Use-v1.0-CClicensed.pdf                               include a presentation of the choreography and digital
11       artwork, remarks from Merce Cunningham as well as Paul
     php?f=12                                                   Kaiser and Marc Downie of The OpenEnded Group, and
12         a reception. The choreography and code will be released
     php?t=471                                                  simultaneously online the same day.
14     Endnotes
15               1
                                                                   eet +New+York,+NY+10014&ie=UTF8&om=1

                                                                                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CC Points of Interest
Wireless Networking in the Developing World

by Mike Linksvayer
25February 2008

Wireless Networking in the Developing World[1] is a free          Network,[5] which very conveniently also happens to be
book about designing, implementing, and maintaining low-          available under an Attribution-ShareAlike license.
cost wireless networks. The second edition has just been
released[2] under a CC Attribution-ShareAlike[3] license with     Endnotes
versions in English, Spanish, French, Italian, Arabic,[4] and
soon Portuguese.
For a bit on why a book on wireless networking in the
developing world may be particularly interesting, see
last November’s post on Building a Rural Wireless Mesh

Recycled Computers, Remixable Content for schools

by Asheesh Laroia                                                 selected as part of our LiveContent project.[8] What better
29 February 2008                                                  complement to (little-f) free computers than Free Software and                      Free Content?

                                                                  With the number of computers they’ll be working on, the
The Alameda County Computer Resource Center[1] is a Bay           installfest has four locations. It all takes place on this Saturday,
Area non-profit whose motto is “Obsolescence is Just a Lack       March 1. If you’re near Berkeley, San Francisco, San Mateo,
of Imagination.” James Burgett, the Director of the ACCRC,        or Marin County, check out their wiki and sign up![9]
writes on their website that they have distributed 16,000
computers as of 2006.[2] Most of the computers they receive       Endnotes
would otherwise end in the trash, which means they are
saving landfills from computers’ toxic waste. Instead:[3]
   [They] give free refurbished computers to schools, non-
   profit organizations, and economically and/or physically
   disadvantaged individuals. Our refurbished systems all run
   a Free software[4] GNU[5]/Linux[6] operating system.
With Andrew Fife from Untangle,[7] they are organizing a Linux
installfest in the Bay Area this weekend to get the Bay Area
community to help set up those systems. The computers being
installed will go to schools in the Bay Area. In addition, they
are going to pre-install Creative Commons-licensed photos and
music from Flickr and Jamendo. The photos and music were
CC Points of Interest
Encyclopedia               of    Life     launches,               Nine Inch Nails releases Ghosts
publishes articles under                               CC         I-IV under a CC license
by Timothy Vollmer                                                by Eric Steuer
2 March 2008                                                      2 March 2008            

The Encyclopedia of Life,[1] an ambitious project to              Some very exciting news for music fans: Tonight, Nine
document all of Earth’s known species, has released its           Inch Nails released Ghosts I-IV,[1] a collection of 36 new
first 30,000 pages of content. Over the next 10 years, the        instrumental tracks that are available to the world under a
project aims to aggregate, in one place, information on           Creative Commons BY-NC-SA[2] license.
an estimated 1.8 million species. From the Encyclopedia of
Life (EOL) press release:                                             This music arrived unexpectedly as the result of an
                                                                      experiment. The rules were as follows: 10 weeks, no
                          Intended as a tool for scientists and       clear agenda, no overthinking, everything driven by
                          policymakers and a fascinating              impulse. Whatever happens during that time gets
                          resource for anyone interested              released as… something.
                          in the living world, the EOL is
                          being developed by a unique                 …
                          collaboration between scientists
                          and the general public. By making           The end result is a wildly varied body of music that we’re
                          it easy to compare and contrast             able to present to the world in ways the confines of a
                          information about life on Earth,            major record label would never have allowed - from a
                          the resulting compendium has the            100% DRM-free, high-quality download, to the most
                          potential to provide new insights           luxurious physical package we’ve ever created.
                          into many of life’s secrets.
                                                                  We’ll have a lot more to say about this exciting development
In      most     cases, Encyclopedia of Life contributing         very soon. In the meantime, read more[3] about the project
members have made content available using one of the              and check out the music![4]
following Creative Commons licenses: Attribution, Attribution-
ShareAlike, Attribution-NonCommercial, or Attribution-            Endnotes
NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Users can easily note the CC
license attached to each article and accompanying media
(like photos).

The EOL project incorporates an open collaboration and
feedback process, calling on community members and scientists
to offer design suggestions and ideas for content development.

Download and read the full press release.[2] More EOL
coverage[3] from the New York Times.

   html?_r=1&em&ex=1204261200&en =264ffed20b39b8f4&ei=

                                                                                   CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CC Points of Interest
Sound Copyright                                                     Diesel Sweeties Archive Released
                                                                    Under CC License

by Mike Linksvayer                                                  by Cameron Parkins
14 March 2008                                                       12 March 2008              

Creative Commons licenses help creators (and users) opt             rstevens (the r is for Richard), creator of popular webcomic
for reasonable copyright by offering[1] (and using)[2] creative     Diesel Sweeties,[1] announced on his blog[2] that starting
works under “some rights reserved” terms, expanding the             today he will be releasing the entire Diesel Sweeties archive
commons where the default is “all rights reserved”.                 for free under a CC BY-NC license.[3] The archive contains
                                                                    close to 2,000 web comics, offering massive potential for to
We also offer tools to mark works that are in the public            interesting reuses (via Boing Boing):[4]
domain — and are working on a major upgrade of those
tools[3] — with a goal of making public domain works more               By my calculations, DS is going to hit 2000 comics in a
available and more usable, effectively expanding the “no                little under two months. April is Clango’s 8th birthday. I’d
rights reserved” portion of the commons.                                like to celebrate by releasing the entire webcomic archive
                                                                        for free in ten volumes. It worked for Nine Inch Nails and
However, there’s nothing CC tools can do to protect against             Radiohead- not bad company to try and keep!
the stunting of the public domain through fiat, such as the
retroactive extension of copyright terms. This is why many              These files will be in PDF form, available one per week
friends of CC are involved in efforts like Sound Copyright,[4]          for ten weeks. You can donate if so inclined, or take
a petition to the European Union to stop the retroactive                advantage of ten classic shirt designs @$10.99. At the
extension of copyright in sound recordings from 50 years                end of ten weeks, I plan to release a special anniversary
to 95 years.                                                            art book.

Read about[5] why retroactive copyright extension is bad                All eBooks will be released under a Creative Commons
policy[6] — it offers miniscule incentive for the creation of new       Attribution Non-commercial license. You’re free to
works while imposing large costs on the preservation and                reformat them into .CBR, Word docs, XML, whatever
use of existing works. As a beneficial side effect, you’ll better       you like. You’re also free to archive and share them with
understand the milieu from which Creative Commons arises                others for free. They’re even small enough to email. Just
and why the voluntary adoption of reasonable copyright                  don’t use them commercially.
through tools like ours are crucial to ensuring the existence
of a viable commons — an open, participatory culture — for          Endnotes
future generations.
Endnotes                                                            3
1                             4
2                                  html
    18 < Communia

the COMMUNIA Project team is Mr. Bernardo Parrella as
online PR manager.


    26 < Public Broadcasters

3      15
     prov/                                                         16
4             17
5       18
6                   19
7       20
     gerhardts.html                                                21
8       22

 35 < Free Cultural Works

This added signaling is part of an ongoing effort to distinguish   Endnotes
among the range of Creative Commons licenses — never               1
say the Creative Commons license, as there is no such thing.       2
Our license deeds have always communicated the distinct            3
properties of each license with icons and brief descriptions.      4
In December of 2006 we added a more subtle free/less free          5
signal — green and yellow background graphics (compare             6
Attribution[8] to Attribution-NonCommercial)[9] — and began           December/035677.html
suggesting license buttons that include license property icons,    7
so that one has an immediate visual cue as to the specific         8
license being used without clicking through to the deed.           9
We hope to address further suggestions from the community
and roll out further improvements in CC license deeds and
the license chooser[10] in the near future — stay tuned!

                                                                                     CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CC Points of Interest
What good is a CC licensed specification?

by Mike Linksvayer
29 March 2008

Proto-lawyer, GNOME hacker and CC friend Luis Villa’s                This is what I intended to highlight in a recent post on IE8 and
brief “CC-licensed specification” rant[1] is correct:                removing copyright barriers to collaboration with technology
                                                                     communities[5] (emphasis added):
   [I]mplementing a spec may require (among other things)
   licensing of “pending utility and design patent claims,              It’s cool that Microsoft not only released the specifications
   copyrights, trade dress and trademark rights.” Putting a             under liberal terms, but followed the lead of the
   specification under a CC license gives you a copyright               relevant communities, ensuring that there are no
   license to the text of the specification; it does not give           copyright barriers to collaboration with those
   license to the necessary trademarks, or to the patents,              communities.
   and depending on the license chosen, may not even give
   you the right to make a derivative work […]                       As the post explains, Microsoft released their specifications
                                                                     under the same liberal terms (one under CC BY-SA,[6] another
Fortunately all such specifications I’m aware of are published       dedicated to the public domain)[7] as related specifications have
under free CC licenses (or placed in the public domain)[2] so        been released under by others. This simply (but importantly)
that derivative works and commercial use are legal.                  means that in terms of copyright anyway, the relevant
                                                                     communities are free to fold the Microsoft specifications into
However, liberal copyright terms on the text of a specification      their wikis and other materials for ongoing collaboration (and
are not sufficient (and strictly speaking, perhaps not even          so are you).
necessary) for a protocol (or format or similar) to permit
independent implementation, interoperability, and extension,         My post did not explain (as it should have) that as above,
including by free and open source software.                          there’s much more to making a protocol usable than just
                                                                     placing its specification under liberal copyright terms.
Software patents[3] may be the main legal barrier to such use.       Microsoft obviously realizes this, as at the same time they
This is why patent grants often get the most thorough public         also offered a (patent related) Open Specifications Promise[8]
vetting of any non-technical aspect of a new specification           for the specifications in question — though whether the
and why (for example) the debate over the W3C’s patent               promise is good enough may be subject to debate — see
policy[4] several years ago was so important.                        further quotation of Luis below.

There are also non-legal items that will often be more important     I briefly raised another reason to place a specification
for a protocol being “open” in practice than the protocol            under a well-known liberal copyright license in a post about
specification’s copyright license. For example, the very             the Sitemaps Protocol: Creating a space where Google,
existence and publication of an unambiguous specification,           Microsoft, and Yahoo! can collaborate:[9]
and the availability of a reference implementation and test
suite, preferably under a free and open source software                 This is just a guess, but I imagine that agreeing to release
license.                                                                the [Sitemaps protocol][10] under a CC license saved
                                                                        Google, Yahoo!, and Microsoft many hours of legal
So what good is putting a specification under a liberal copyright       haggling over copyright in the protocol. It is not a guess
license? Is it just about signaling good intentions? As valuable        that this decision allows anyone, e.g., non-incumbent
as such signaling may be, it can be abused. I would argue               search engines, to publish and extend the protocol,
that it is primarily useful for facilitating ongoing collaboration      without asking for permission from the incumbents.
on the specification itself, extensions of the specification, and
instructional materials and other non-software works around          In other words, using a public license (CC BY-SA[11] in this
the specification — in other words, precisely the works and          case) for the specification solves one — even if just one
activities impacted by the copyright status of the text.
— of what must be a laundry list of issues that must face
such a collaboration, and that’s valuable. However, I should        Endnotes
have been more clear that this enables anyone to publish
and extend the protocol specification, at least insofar as
copyright is concerned.
The most recent development concerning a significant
specification under a CC license is also the most interesting
so far, in that the parties involved seem to have made a effort
to address all of the known barriers to uses of a protocol
(whether they’ve succeeded is presumably an open question).
Tim Vollmer beat me to blogging about OpenSocial,[12] so I’ll
expand a bit here.
The OpenSocial Foundation Intent Agreement[13] covers
copyright in the specification, a patent non-assertion                   OpenSocial-Foundation-Proposal/Intent-Agreement
covenant, a patent right in joint development, and a license        14
to the OpenSocial trademark. There’s also a reference               15
implementation[14] under the Apache 2.0 license. Of course               html
this appears to be just a proposal, and it is not clear to          16
me whether non-members of the proposed foundation would
have any patent or trademark rights with regard to the
specification or implementations thereof. But at least they’re
looking at all of the elements.

Luis again:

   So, creative commons folks: could you please, please
   scream for me? Or better yet, work with SFLC to create
   a good license for specifications (since they aren’t happy
   with the OSP),[15] and then ask people who’ve ‘cc licensed’
   specifications to use that instead?

I suspect free CC licenses are reasonable licenses for
specifications — for specification text, as far as that goes. But
I agree we should talk about barriers other than copyright in
the specification text whenever we talk or are approached
about CC licenses and specifications.

We have been approached over the years about developing
a license for protocols, specifications, standards, and
the like, and would doubtless be happy to work with the
Software Freedom Law Center[16] and other parties to
develop such a thing, whether it would take the form of a
license or a “protocol” that included using liberal copyright
terms and other aspects. In such an effort it would be
important to consider interoperability with CC licenses, so
that specification texts could easily be used in contexts like
wikis and instructional materials.

                                                                                      CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 6

CC Points of Interest
8.5 GB of CC-Licensed Samples
for the OLPC

by Cameron Parkins                                                   their sound collections to the children of the world,” said
27 March 2008                                                        Dr. Richard Boulanger, professor of music synthesis at                         the Berklee College of Music and the organizer of the
                                                                     Berklee collection being donated to OLPC. “By providing
                                                                     extraordinary access to the resources to play, mix,
Great news from the OLPC project[1] - 8.5 GB worth of sound          transform, imitate and create sounds, sound effects, music
library samples have been donated to the project by the              and audio art works, this donation will enable children
Berklee College of Music,[2] Berklee Music Synthesis alumni          with XO laptops to learn about music and sound, and to
(including electronic musician BT[3] and the international           learn about themselves and their world. This collection
Csound Developer community),[4] M-Audio,[5] Digidesign,[6]           will inspire and promote incredible music-making on the
and the Open Path Music group! The samples are being                 XO laptop and will invigorate the creative audio work of
released under a CC BY license and while they are intended           all computer musicians.”
for (and facilitated by) the OLPC project, they are available
publicly, making this a a huge contribution not only to the      Endnotes
OLPC but also to those looking for free, high quality, samples
in general.
You can check out all the samples on the OLPC wiki[7] as
well as see a breakdown of the OLPC’s music making
capabilities over at Create Digital Music.[8] The OLPC is
paving a new road for contemporary music education with
this announcement and it will be absolutely fascinating to
see how these samples are put to use by their intended
practitioners. From OLPC:[9]

   “One Laptop per Child has inspired musicians to donate

We rely on our supporters to continue our work enabling
stories like those listed above. Check it out —

CC Store:
                                                                         This newsletter is
Subscribe to the CC Weblog:                                          licensed under http://                                                                     licenses/by/3.0/
org/weblog/rss                                                   Cover: “Airborne.” © 2008. Berne Guerrero. Some Rights
                                                                 Reserved. Except when otherwise noted , this work is licensed
Creative Commons was built with and is sustained by the          under
generous support of organizations including the Center for       ph/ This remixed image includes images from glutnix /
the Public Domain, the Omidyar Network, The Rockefeller          Brett Taylor. “Cooing Commons” CC BY 2.0 http://www.
Foundation, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur      and paparutzi /
Foundation, and The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation,        Christina Rutz. “hot air balloon.” CC BY 2.0 http://www.
as well as members of the public.