Share, Reuse, Remix — Legally. N E W S L E T T E CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 R http://creativecommons.org Issue No. 8 August 20081 2 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 Message Dear All, As a CC supporter, you know this story - you know the commons is growing. So over the last Almost six (I know — six!) years ago, Creative two issues of this newsletter I’ve tried to bring Commons was launched with a “simple” you stories and information that you may not goal - to help build a pool of content of every know. Glimpses inside the world of CC (the material-type that anyone could access. organization) of what we are doing to help In order to do this, we empowered you — the YOU continue to build the commons — and citizen publishers of the Web — by providing this newsletter is no different, as it highlights the legal and technical tools needed to help the work of Eric Steuer — our Creative Director you take advantage of all that the internet who is working ceaselessly to help make CC as has to offer. And because of you and your user-friendly and ubiquitous as possible. Alex Roberts. “Melissa Reeder.” CC BY 3.0 contributions over the years, the commons is thriving. Millions of digital objects are under As always, if you have any suggestions for how CC licenses — 75 million photographs on I can make this newsletter any better, please Flickr alone. Hundreds of scholarly and let me know. Melissa Reeder scientific journals, open educational resources, Development Manager architectural drawings, scientific illustrations, All the best, Creative Commons songs, blogs, novels and movies. News Flash On Aug. 13th, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (the leading IP court in the U.S.), held that “Open Source” or public license licensors are entitled to copyright infringement relief, agreeing with a brief submitted by Creative Commons and several other organizations. This is huge for Creative Commons and the open movement. Read more at http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8826 Contents 3 Inside Scoop 15 *50 Millionth View of TEDTalks http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8410 ccCore *ccLearn (bi)monthly update - July 18, 2008 5 Esther Wojcicki Joins Creative Commons Board! http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8495 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8470 6 Creative Commons Launches Collaborative Global Case CC Points of Interest Studies Project 16 *Google Code adds content licensing; Google Knol launches http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8396 with CC BY default 8 Incorporating content license information just made easier http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8506 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8507 *LibriVox: 1500 public domain audio books http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8327 Backgrounds are derivatives of Joi Ito’s “tiles” http://flickr.com/photos/ CCi 17 *The Onion’s AV Club talks CC Publishing with Cory 9 Case Studies - The Book! Doctorow http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8599 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8360 10 Experts in Norway adapt CC licenses to national law *Doctorow: First CC-Licensed Work on NYT Best Sellers http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8335 List/New Graphic Novel 11 Australian Version 3.0 drafts in public discussion http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8351 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8373 18 *George Eastman House, Bibliothèque de Toulouse Join Flickr 12 Singapore proudly celebrates the launch of the localized Commons Creative Commons Licenses http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8497 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8521 *VIA’s OpenBook Project Takes Off, Wins International Award Science Commons http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8401 13 Announcing the Health Commons 19 From Open Software to Open Music http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8358 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8354 20 The Smithsonian Joins Flickr: The Commons joi/1734721/ CC BY 2.0 ccLearn http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8381 14 *Digital Research Tools (DiRT) Wiki Launched 21 The Spirit of Sharing in Jordan http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8339 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8368 *Agrega, the New Educational Digital Object Platform 22 Featured Commoner: CASH Music http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8377 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8602 24 Gilberto Gil on Democracy Now http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8405 The Inside Scoop Culture Commons Eric Steuer, Creative Commons’ Creative Director As the creative director of Creative Commons, I help guide CC’s strategy for increasing the amount, breadth, and quality of creative work available to the public for free and legal use, sharing, and remixing. There are several key components of this work; each plays a role in helping Creative Commons succeed in getting more (and better) cultural material added into the commons. I work with websites, technology companies, and media sharing platforms to implement CC-licensing tools inside their systems. Flickr is a great example of how sites that offer the easy ability to attach Creative Commons licenses to content are immensely useful in growing the commons. By current count, there are more than 77 million Flickr photos under Joi Ito. “Eric Steuer” http://flickr.com/photos/joi/2455373456 CC licenses. This an incredible number, and this success is CC BY 2.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en largely due to the fact that Flickr offers a simple and intuitive interface for adding CC licenses to photos, as well as very launch an art and music exhibit (it’s both a live, physical clear messaging about how Creative Commons works. installation that will travel, as well as an online exhibition) called Into Infinity (check it out at http://intoinfinity.org). All A handful of recent interesting implementations of CC- of the works in Into Infinity are licensed under CC BY-NC. licensing tools in this same fashion include Lingro We have reached out to hundreds of artists and musicians (a collaboratively-built multilingual dictionary under CC BY- for submissions; in the process of directly bringing new and SA), Obama in 30 Seconds (a project encouraging the public interesting creative work into the commons, we are exposing to create Barack Obama campaign ads under CC BY-NC- influential creators to the Creative Commons approach SA), Zhura (a screenwriting website that offers CC licensing to copyright. In turn, we hope that they will expose their options to users to enable easy collaboration), GreenYour. communities, friends, and fans to more open and permissive com (a user-developed database of simple ways to make ways of creating and distributing work. your everyday choices more environmentally friendly), and Rifflet (a site where musicians can post unfinished songs for I also spend time presenting Creative Commons’ goals and others to hear, build upon, and rework). mission in public fora, including panels, conferences, and media. With this work, I intend to educate influential “point I also work with musicians, filmmakers, and artists to figure out people” about Creative Commons, so that they are equipped the best ways to incorporate CC licenses into their releases to share what they have learned about CC with others. As and projects. A few recent examples of high profile creators one of the leading organizations that deals with intellectual that have used CC licenses include Loops (choreography by property issues, Creative Commons is routinely invited to master dancer/choreographer Merce Cunningham that is provide expertise in the media and at high profile events released under CC BY-NC-SA), Tracey: Re-Fragmented (the and conferences. Some of the most fruitful relationships we online counterpart of the film The Tracey Fragments, where have made — and some of the most important projects we all of the film’s footage and music (performed by the excellent have developed — have come as a result of being at events band Broken Social Scene) are available under CC BY-NC- where companies and creators go to interface with people SA for people to use for their own endeavors), and NOVA’s and learn about new approaches to making, distributing, Car of the Future project (where PBS and NOVA released and monetizing creative work. 240 clips of raw footage from the making of their Car of the Future documentary under CC BY-NC). As part of our outreach work, Creative Commons has become more active in creating, curating, and producing CC-licensed media projects. Most notably, we are about to CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 3 4 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 Inside Scoop Recent success stories from CC users Nine Inch Nails The samples, which have only been online for a few months, have already been downloaded and used thousands of Contrary to what many people believe, giving the world times. While this is great in and of itself, of even more value instant, free, and legal access to cultural material is not the to the world is the fact that this project provides a simple death knell for industries like the music business. In fact, the model for creating freely usable libraries of high quality freedoms that CC licenses facilitate actually provide myriad cultural material. Inspired by the OLPC project, there are new opportunities for commercializing creativity. new efforts under way to create similar libraries of CC BY- licensed photography and clip art geared towards kids (but Creative Commons works closely with musicians and that can be also used by the general public). music businesses to develop innovative new models for distributing creativity. While there are a variety of examples Media That Matters film festival of how our work in this regard has paid off, an obvious recent success story involves Nine Inch Nails, one of the The Media that Matters film festival showcases short movies, world’s most loved bands. Nine Inch Nails licensed its documentaries, music videos, animations, and experimental two most recent albums under CC BY-NC-SA licenses, as a work addressing social themes ranging from gay rights way of engaging with fans more freely and more directly. to global warming. All of the films are created by young The albums were downloaded millions upon millions of filmmakers (many of whom are under 21) who are looking for times over the ensuing months, and tracks from the albums their work and ideas to be exposed as broadly as possible. were subsequently shared on blogs, remixed and mashed- up, and used as source material for new creative works Arts Engine, the non-profit that organizes and hosts the many times over. Meanwhile, the band made millions of festival, releases the films after the festival under a CC BY- dollars from selling CDs and merchandise associated with NC-ND license and also sells region-free unencrypted CC- the releases, proving that the reputational and publicity licensed DVDs of all the films that can be shown in any non- benefits of making music available to the world for free commercial setting. The organization uses CC licensing to and legal sharing, remixing, and reuse can be incredibly promote the festival, films, and filmmakers to people outside good business. of New York, who would be unlikely to be able to attend the festival in person. A short from the Media That Matters film This development is critical, as it signifies to music fans — festival, entitled “A Girl Like Me,” recently made its way on to and perhaps, most importantly, to other creators — that CC The Oprah Winfrey Show, and has since racked up almost a licenses are not just soft expressions but hard legal tools million views on YouTube. used by serious artists as important components of emerging business models. Since the Nine Inch Nails releases, CC licenses have been built into the business models that power recent projects by well-known musicians like Radiohead, Deerhoof, and Curt Smith of Tears for Fears. OLPC sound samples The One Laptop Per Child project has organized a giant sound library with more than 7000 sound samples that have been donated by institutions like the Berklee College of Music and companies like digital audio software makers M-Audio and Digidesign. The samples are released under a CC BY license so that kids can use them to learn about music and musicmaking. They’re also, of course, available to adults around the world, who are encouraged to use them freely and legally for teaching, demos, and creating music. ccCore Esther Wojcicki Joins Creative Commons Board! by Tim Hwang 10 July 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8470 http://creativecommons.org/press-releases/entry/8469 Great news being released today that Esther Wojcicki, prominent education innovator, has officially joined the Creative Commons board! We’re thrilled (and lucky) to get her experience and advice on all our developing education related initiatives. Education Innovator Esther Wojcicki Joins Creative Commons Board Joi Ito. “Esther Wojcicki” http://flickr.com/photos/joi/2593396471 CC BY 2.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en Creative Commons (CC), a global non-profit focused on the preservation and growth of an openly shareable and Google Teacher Outreach Program and Google Teacher remixable media landscape, officially announced today Academy, a professional development event which trains that education innovator Esther Wojcicki has joined its teachers to leverage innovative technologies to enhance Board of Directors. their classrooms. Wojcicki has been a prominent figure in American Wojcicki joins a board of directors that includes technologist education. As the leading mind behind the creation of Joi Ito, cyberlaw and intellectual property experts James Boyle, the country’s largest high school journalism program, she Michael Carroll, Molly Shaffer Van Houweling, Eric Saltzman, has won numerous awards, including the prestigious title and Lawrence Lessig, MIT computer science professor Hal of Teacher of the Year from the California State Teacher Abelson, Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales, documentary Credentialing Commission. Most recently, she received filmmaker Davis Guggenheim, and Public Knowledge founder special recognition for her work from the National Scholastic Laurie Racine. Press Association. More About Esther Wojcicki “We’re truly excited to have Esther on board. Her presence marks an important step in the developing role Creative Esther Wojcicki has been teaching Journalism and English Commons seeks to play in supporting open educational at Palo Alto High School, Palo Alto, California for the past content” commented Joi Ito, CEO of CC, “Her experience 25 years, where she has been the driving force behind the and advice will be an invaluable part of shaping our future development of its award-winning journalism program. in that arena. It is now the largest high school journalism program in the U.S involving 400 students. All the publications can Esther Wojcicki said, “I am thrilled to be joining the be found at http://voice.paly.net which is the school talented team of directors, advisors, and staff at Creative publication website. Commons, whose collaborative efforts are supporting the expansion of the public domain. I look forward to In the spring of 2008, she was recognized for inspiration applying my experience in education and technology, and and excellence in scholastic journalism advising by the am eager to work closely with the Board as this pioneering National Scholastic Press Association. She has won multiple organization continues to grow.” awards throughout the years. A couple of others included the 1990 Northern California Journalism teacher of the Wojcicki has also been a key pioneer in exploring the year in 1990 and California State Teacher Credentialing emerging interface between education and technology. She helped lay the groundwork for the design of the Esther Wojcicki > 25 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 5 6 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 ccCore Creative Commons Launches Collaborative Global Case Studies Project by Jon Phillips CC’s CEO, Joi Ito, said in the press release for this project 23 June 2008 that it is important to realize that CC is not just a “cute http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8396 idea,” but a crucial fact in the success of many businesses, artists, authors, and professionals. So, highlighted in the Case Studies Project are examples such as the Blender Foundation and their success with applying Creative Commons Attribution licenses to both of their Open Source 3D animations. Also, there are specific highlights on authors like NYTimes bestselling author Cory Doctorow’s overall usage of CC to support the dissemination of his books, all the way to detailed case studies about Luxembourg-based (but global!) Jamendo and of course studies on Nine Inch Nails Ghosts I–IV and The Slip album releases. Remember: The goal is to focus on the story of these successes. We need your help. We didn’t want to just build a system that is static like many corporate case studies that one might get at a conference and immediately chuck into the bin. Rather, we built this on top of our Semantic MediaWiki-based wiki (highlighted in the /participate page above) so that there is a simple human-readable form for adding and editing case studies that anyone out there may use. Since the system is a structured wiki, the data part of the system is sortable, queryable, and mashable. For example, here is a sort through the entire system alphabetically with four columns: pagename, Author, media format and country of the project. This is an invitation to hop over to the Case Studies project right now, and help us make this project super solid. We need more case studies from around the world in any language. And, if you speak more than one language, please help by translating the case studies. If there is something that bugs you about it, then help us out by committing: its a wiki! Poster by Blender Foundation (http://www.bigbuckbunny.org/), CC If you really want to be a saint, then direct your energy as BY 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0). well to our public roadmap for the project, jump onto our cc-community mailing list to express interest, and chat with Over the past few months several of us at Creative Commons us on our IRC chat channel. have been collaborating with our colleagues at Creative Commons Australia to create a collaborative system for And, if that is not enough incentive to participate, Creative promoting the great CC stories that will help the world Commons Australia today has released at the Creative understand how great Creative Commons licenses are for Commons Australia conference, “Building an Australasian creative works. To highlight the global nature of this launch, Commons,” a printed booklet with 60 case studies from it coincides with the CC Australia’s conference today (June this system all professionally designed. There will be more 24, 2008), “Building an Australasian Commons” where printings of these case studies in the future, which might this project is to be presented. include your contributions. Look for presentations about this project at upcoming conferences this summer, where newly added case studies will be highlighted on big projectors. Look for this project at Communia/CC Europe meetings June 30-July 1 in Belgium, FSCONS on October 25-26 in Gothenburg, Sweden and other conferences focusing on the local and global. Hats off as well to all those who have helped including the project party: Jessica Coates, Rachel Cobcroft, Elliot Bledsoe, Timothy Vollmer, Cameron Parkins, Tim Hwang, Greg Grossmeier, and Michelle Thorne. There are many more that have helped as well. If you help, you get plugged! Joi Ito. “Cory Doctorow” http://flickr.com/photos/joi/2196901054/ Please help us by spreading the word on this project, blogging CC BY 2.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en about Case Studies, and adding more to the system. Endnotes 1 http://creativecommons.org.au/ 17 http://creativecommons.org/projects/casestudies 2 http://creativecommons.org.au/australasiancommons 18 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CcWiki:Translate 3 http://creativecommons.org/press-releases/entry/8397 19 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Casestudies_roadmap 4 http://creativecommons.org/projects/casestudies 20 http://creativecommons.org/contact 5 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Blender_Foundation 21 http://creativecommons.org.au/australasiancommons 6 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8203 22 http://communia-project.eu/conf2008 7 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0 23 http://fscons.org/ 8 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/5846 24 http://creativecommons.org.au/about 9 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8351 25 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8355 10 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Cory_Doctorow 26 http://superhumanoids.com/ 11 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Jamendo_Study 27 http://www.fabulousbitches.org/ 12 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Nine_Inch_Nails_Ghosts_I-IV 28 http://konsilience.wordpress.com/ 13 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Nine_Inch_Nails_The_Slip 29 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michelle_Thorne_(Creative_ 14 http://semantic-mediawiki.org/ Commons) 15 http://creativecommons.org/participate 16 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/ Special:Ask/-5B-5BCategory:Casestudy-5D- 5D/%3FAuthor/%3FFormat/%3FCountry/sort%3D/ order%3DASC CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 7 8 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 ccCore Incorporating content license information just made easier by Greg Grossmeier functionality to read and write license information into 23 July 2008 many supported media files. Along with access to license http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8507 information, the library offers a standard set of icons for graphical representation of selected or discovered licenses. As Creative Commons’ international team refreshes the licenses or adds a new jurisdiction, software developers can Creative Commons has announced the release of two simply update liblicense to receive these changes. Currently, very important tools for the developer community. These liblicense is distributed with development versions of the tools, liblicense and LicenseChooser.js, provide simple and Debian, Ubuntu, and Fedora Linux operating systems. The standard ways of reading or writing license information to LGPL license permits adding it to both open source and a variety of files. proprietary software. liblicense is specifically geared towards the desktop “LicenseChooser.js and liblicense will make open content application developer who wants to use license information licensing more valuable for developers, publishers, and in media files but does not want to implement the low-level users, by making such content more discoverable and code themselves. LicenseChooser.js, however, is designed to manageable” said Mike Linksvayer, Vice President of be used in web applications such as a media sharing site for Creative Commons. users’ pictures or music. One prominent project incorporating the use of liblicense Both of these software packages aim to make the lives of the in an upcoming release is One Laptop Per Child (OLPC). developers’ easier. One way in which that is accomplished is While the OLPC project wiki already uses Creative that these tools will continue to be updated as new versions Commons Attribution 3.0 licenses for contributions, Creative of Creative Commons licenses are released thus moving Commons has introduced licensing functionality for the XO the burden from the developer to Creative Commons. laptops through the development of liblicense and a series of patches to be integrated. Once it is installed, it allows There will be a public demonstration of liblicense at OSCON software interfacing with media on the device to be content on July 24th. license aware. Also, to explain Creative Commons licensing and the basics of copyright law, Creative Commons has Creative Commons Launches Web and Desktop created an educational licensing activity that anyone may License Integration Approach with LicenseChooser. install onto an OLPC XO laptop. This activity uses the js and liblicense Projects previously released “Sharing Creative Works” comics. Creative Commons announced today the release of For web applications, Creative Commons has developed liblicense and LicenseChooser.js, content licensing tools LicenseChooser.js, which allows developers to add which make integration of Creative Commons license similar functionality into any web-based project. Creative functionality easy for developers building modern desktop Commons already provided an XML-based web services and web applications. These tools enable reading and API. LicenseChooser.js provides an additional, lightweight writing Creative Commons licensing information to a variety method for integrating license selection into web of media formats. Many projects already support the ability applications. The widget is used by SixApart’s TypePad to read and write content license information through add- as well as the WordPress plugin WpLicense. ons, including OpenOffice.org, Adobe Creative Suite and Microsoft Office. Other programs, such as the open source Today, liblicense will be demonstrated at this year’s Open vector graphics drawing tool Inkscape, include a default Source Conference (OSCON) in Portland, OR. Integration capability to read and write CC license information. with two Open Source applications will be showcased: the file viewer Eye of GNOME and media player Rhythmbox. For the desktop, Creative Commons has updated the C The presentation will be given by Nathan Yergler, CTO language-based software library called liblicense. This Free Software (licensed under GNU LGPL) library provides Content License Information > 25 CCi Case Studies - The Book! by Greg Grossmeier 29 July 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8599 If you have only been Endnotes reading the updates 1 http://creativecommons.org/projects/Casestudies on the international 2 http://creativecommons.org.au/ Creative Commons 3 http://creativecommons.org.au/materials/Building_an_ blog (this one) about Australasian_Commons_book.pdf the Case Studies 4 http://creativecommons.org/projects/Casestudies project, you have been missing some important news. Creative Commons Australia, the leaders in the Case Study project, have just released the first draft version of the Case Studies book pdf: Building an Australasian Commons. This is one high quality book that show cases all of the Australian Case Studies. A huge “Congrats!” goes to Rachel Cobcroft and everyone else who has put so much time into this project and produced such a wonderful tool for all to use. If you like this book enough that you want to print your own copy, go for it! However, for those of you that will want to print a large number of these my advice is to wait; there will be a newer, more finalized version soon which will make some changes you will want. Now, go add your own Case Studies to the project wiki so that the next version might have YOUR case study included! Original Creative Commons Australia announcement at http://creativecommons.org.au/node/180. CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 9 10 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 CCi Experts in Norway adapt CC licenses to national law by Michelle Thorne “To achieve this, we have 5 June 2008 been going through a http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8335 process of adapting the http://creativecommons.org/press-releases/entry/8334 international license to Norwegian copyright legislation. During this Today the Nordic jurisdictions Denmark, Finland, and process, we have worked Sweden are joined by CC Norway in offering Creative together with community Commons licenses legally and linguistically adapted to stakeholders and copyright experts to reach a result that national law. both reflects the spirit of Creative Commons and the letter of Norwegian copyright law.” The CC Norway team is headed by Project Leads Gisle Hannemyr and Peter Lenda, who with Haakon Flage The launch event will be held as a press conference at Oslo Bratsberg, Thomas Gramstad, Tore Hoel, and Vebjørn University College on June 6th at 10:00 am. The Creative Søndersrød, coordinated the license porting process with Commons Norway team will be present and give a brief Creative Commons International and conducted public presentation about Creative Commons and the licenses discussion with local and international legal experts. translated into Norwegian. The team will also be available to answer questions. The Norwegian licenses, available at Version 3.0, constitute the forty-sixth localized Creative Commons Norway is the forty-sixth jurisdiction worldwide to port the licensing suite. Creative Commons licensing suite. The launch of the licenses will be celebrated on Friday, About Oslo University College June 6th at 10:00am during a press conference at Oslo University College. For more information, please read our Oslo University College is a young, dynamic institution press release in English and Norwegian. based on strong traditions. It was established in 1994 when the Norwegian college system was restructured and 18 Takk, thank you, and congratulations to CC Norway! smaller colleges in the Oslo area merged. Oslo University College offers the broadest portfolio of professional studies Experts in Norway adapt CC licenses to national available in Norway. OUC is a dynamic institution based law / Eksperter i Norge tilpasser CC-lisenser til on strong traditions in professional education and research. nasjonal lovgivning With 11,000 students, OUC is the fourth largest educational institution in Norway. For more information about Oslo The Creative Commons Norway team has successfully University College, please visit: http://www.hio.no/content/ ported the Creative Commons licensing suite to Norwegian view/full/4563. law. The localized licenses will be unveiled today at a press conference at Oslo University College. Endnotes 1 http://creativecommons.dk/ The team responsible for coordinating the porting process 2 http://creativecommons.fi/etusivu and public discussion with local and international legal 3 http://creativecommons.se/ experts consists of Haakon Flage Bratsberg, Thomas 4 http://creativecommons.no/ Gramstad, Gisle Hannemyr (Public Project Lead), Tore Hoel, 5 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Worldwide_Overview#The_ Peter Lenda (Legal Project Lead), and Vebjørn Søndersrød. porting_process 6 http://creativecommons.org/international “We have taken the initiative to launch the Creative 7 http://creativecommons.org/license/?lang=no Commons licenses in Norway to promote new forms of 8 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Version_3 production, sharing and distribution of creative works,” 9 http://www.hio.no/content/view/full/4563 explains the team’s Public Project Lead, Gisle Hannemyr. 10 http://creativecommons.org/press-releases/entry/8334 CCi Australian Version 3.0 drafts in public discussion by Michelle Thorne 18 June 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8373 In preparation for the Building an Australasian Commons conference next week, the CC Australia team has released two ported Version 3.0 license drafts for public discussion: Attribution (BY) and Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike “ccauv3.0-feedback” © 2008. Creative Commons Australia. Some (BY-NC-SA). Rights Reserved. This work is licensed under CC BY 2.5 Australia License. (http://creativecommons.org/weblog/licenses/by/2.5/au) CC Australia is focusing the discussion on these two particular licenses because they are 1) the simplest license This includes another neat idea: (BY) and 2) the most complex (BY-NC-SA). These two licenses also contain almost all the relevant legal language from the The main feature is a series of lists that set out clearly remaining four licenses (BY-SA, BY-NC, BY-ND, BY-NC-ND). what users can do, what they can’t do, and what they must do. Other than that, they contain the same basic CC Australia has done a magnificent job in explaining statements as to disclaimers, warranties and introductory their approach to Version 3.0 and highlighting some key materials that are included in all the CC licences. revisions (see also): As did the other jurisdictions who have implemented Version Rather than writing the licences as a straight translation 3.0, CC Australia is working hard to ensure that their ported from the Unported (ie non-country specific) licences licenses align with the Unported licenses. One notable provided by Creative Commons International, we’ve exception affects the strict requirement to include a URL link instead decided to base them on the excellent licences to the respective CC license every time a work is used. CC produced last year by our friends in New Zealand, Australia explains the change: which they in turn based on the England and Wales licences. The great thing about these licences is that they’re We’ve followed the UK and NZ example by loosening written in plain English rather than legalese - which means this up a bit, to allow you to provide this reference to they’re much easier for non-lawyers to understand. the licence in any manner reasonable to the medium you are working in. This ensures, for example, that someone There have also been some modifications to improve the playing a song on their radio station can attribute the CC readability of the licenses: licence just by mentioning it, and perhaps providing a link on the station’s website, without breaching the licence. We’re also adding some clarifying language on the You could arguably do this under the Unported licence licensing of derivative works to the BY and BY-NC too, but we wanted to make it clear. (Attribution-Noncommercial) licences which isn’t in either the Unported licences or the New Zealand licences - so The community is discussing these issues and more on CC we wanted to see what people thought about this. Australia’s mailing list. Come join the conversation! Like the New Zealand and UK licences we are basing the new Australian licences on, our v3.0 licences are very simply drafted. A lot of the language is drawn directly from the Unported licences, however it has been simplified and rearranged to make it easier to understand and follow. Australian Version 3.0 > 25 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 11 12 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 CCi Singapore proudly celebrates the launch of the localized Creative Commons Licenses by Patricia Escalera The panel will, in addition, 25 July 2008 explain the aims and http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8521 philosophy of the Creative Commons initiative and the specific nature and uses of the Creative We are delighted to announce the successful localization Commons licensing suite of the Creative Commons licenses in Singapore, the in Singapore. Stanford 47th worldwide to do so. The CC Singapore team, led by law professor and Creative Commons founder Lawrence Associate Professor Samtani Anil and Assistant Professor Lessig will address the audience to commemorate the Giorgios Cheliotis, has worked under the auspices of the completion of the licenses. Centre for Asia Pacific Technology Law & Policy (CAPTEL) and in collaboration with Creative Commons International Following the event, the CC Singapore team hopes to initiate to port the licenses to Singaporean law. a series of educational talks to explain the philosophy of Creative Commons and the practical ways in which users The launch event will be celebrated on Sunday, July 27, can implement the licenses. at the International Symposium on Electronic Art. The ceremony will be followed by several panels organized by Project Lead Samtani Anil adds, “We also believe the CATPEL and Creative Commons Singapore on copyright launch of the Singapore CC licenses will lead to a better issues in digital media and a keynote address from appreciation of the ambit, contours, and limits of the Professor Lawrence Lessig. For more information we invite existing copyright regime in Singapore in relation to the you to read our press release. sharing and dissemination of culture and the advancement of innovation. This, we believe, will sensitize various Congratulations, CC Singapore! stakeholders to the avenues that are open to them to share their works in accordance with their wishes and needs.” Singapore Announces Ported Creative Commons Licenses The CC Singapore team is supported by team members Assistant Professor Warren Chik, Vinod Sabnani, Tham Kok Today Creative Commons Singapore announces the Leong, Lam Chung Nian, Harish Pillay and Ankit Guglani. completion of the locally ported Creative Commons licensing suite. In close collaboration with Centre for Asia Pacific About Centre for Asia Pacific Technology Law & Policy Technology Law & Policy (CAPTEL), the Creative Commons team in Singapore, led by Associate Professor Samtani The Centre for Asia Pacific Technology Law & Policy Anil and Assistant Professor Giorgos Cheliotis, adapted (CAPTEL) is a research center founded to investigate and the licenses both linguistically and legally to Singaporean research issues on how businesses and economies are being national law. The Creative Commons licenses, now ported affected by the challenges of new technologies on law, to 47 jurisdictions, enable authors, artists, scientists, and regulation and policy. CAPTEL is located at the Nanyang educators the choice of a flexible range of protections and Business School, Nanyang Technological University. Please freedoms in efforts to promote a voluntary “some rights visit http://captel.ntu.edu.sg for more information. reserved” approach to copyright. The Singaporean Creative Commons licenses, available Endnotes soon online, will be celebrated today in Singapore City 1 http://creativecommons.org/international/sg/ at the International Symposium on Electronic Art. The 2 http://captel.ntu.edu.sg/ event will also feature a panel, organized by CAPTEL and 3 http://isea2008singapore.org/conference/conf_panels.html Creative Commons Singapore, to introduce the audience to 4 http://creativecommons.org/press-releases/entry/8517 key copyright issues in the digital age and also share tips for creators and users to avoid common pitfalls in the field of copyright law. Science Commons Announcing the Health Commons by Kaitlin Thaney efficiently, by providing better access to the resources 12 June 2008 that large pharmaceutical companies assemble and http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8358 integrate “in house.” To do this, Health Commons will facilitate the emergence of a “virtual marketplace,” or ecosystem, through which participants can more easily access the data, knowledge, materials and services for Over on the Science Commons blog, Donna Wentworth accelerating research. writes: The components might include databases of the results People make chairs more productively, hamburgers more of chemical assays, toxicity screens and clinical trials; productively, cars more productively, everything else in libraries of drugs and chemical compounds; repositories the world except medicines. — Aled Edwards, Director of biological materials (tissue samples, cell lines, and CEO of the Structural Genomics Consortium (via molecules); computational models predicting drug CBC News Canada) efficacies or side effects; and contract services for high- throughput genomics and proteomics, combinatorial The drug discovery process is badly broken. Despite the drug screening, animal testing and biostatistics. scientific and technological advances that make genetic decoding commonplace, the time it takes to go from gene “The resources offered through the [Health] Commons target to cure still stands at 17 years. might not necessarily be free, though many could be,” explains Wilbanks. “However, all would be available under Science Commons’ mission is to speed the translation of standard pre-negotiated terms and conditions and with basic research to useful discoveries, and we believe that standardized data formats that eliminate the debilitating a new approach is necessary to find more cures, faster. delays, legal wrangling and technical incompatibilities Today, we’re opening up the Health Commons, a project that frustrate scientific collaboration today.” aimed at bringing the same efficiencies to human health that the network brought to commerce and culture. Science Commons welcomes your interest in the Health Commons. If you’d like to collaborate with us to accelerate The project, founded by Science Commons in drug discovery, we encourage you to contact us. collaboration with CommerceNet, CollabRx and the Public Library of Science (PLoS), is introduced in a 6-minute video presentation and white paper posted Endnotes on the Science Commons website. The paper, Health 1 http://sciencecommons.org/weblog/ Commons: Therapy Development in a Networked 2 http://sciencecommons.org/about/whoweare/wentworth/ World [PDF], is co-authored by John Wilbanks, Vice 3 http://cbc.ca/technology/story/2008/05/30/f-strauss- President of Science at Creative Commons, and Marty drugresearch.html Tenenbaum, an Internet commerce pioneer and founder 4 http://sciencecommons.org/projects/healthcommons/ of CommerceNet and CollabRx. 5 http://www.commerce.net/ 6 http://collabrx.com/ “Biomedical knowledge is exploding, and yet the system to 7 http://www.plos.org/ capture that knowledge and translate it into saving human 8 http://sciencecommons.org/wp-content/uploads/health- commons-whitepaper-launch.pdf lives still relies on an antiquated and risky strategy of focusing 9 firstname.lastname@example.org the vast resources of a few pharmaceutical companies on just a handful of disease targets,” explains Wilbanks in the project introduction. The Health Commons proposes a different approach: enabling more companies, foundations, laboratories or even individuals to conduct research on disease targets CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 13 14 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 ccLearn Digital Research Tools (DiRT) Agrega, the New Educational Wiki Launched Digital Object Platform by Jane Park by Jane Park 6 June 2008 19 June 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8339 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8377 Thanks to The Wired Campus, I recently stumbled across Agrega, a new educational initiative promoting internet in this new wiki whilst looking for a visualization tool for a the classroom, is a collaborative effort on the part of the ccLearn research project. The new wiki is called Digital Spanish Ministry of Education, Social Politics and Sports, Research Tools, also known as DiRT. DiRT is edited by a team Red.es, the Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce, of librarians from Rice University’s Digital Media Center and and the Autonomous Communities and Autonomous Cities of Sam Houston State University’s Newton Gresham library. Spain (CC.AA). Agrega is Spain’s new educational digital Basically, DiRT reviews the myriad research tools available object platform, “which consists of a central repository and for free (and some for profit) on the internet in a human- other autonomous repositories which have educational readable way, so that “professors, students, think-tankers, content for non-university level centres.” Its emphasis is corporate intelligence gatherers, and other inquisitive folks on content creation and development for primary and [can] do their work better.” These “snapshot reviews” are secondary educators by providing a space where various immensely helpful for even seasoned researchers, since the digital content of Spain’s Civil Service and the private sector web is always popping up with new open source tools. To are joined. One way of “commonizing” the content is to see a list of tools in DiRT’s queue and to add your own, check catalogue it under common criteria and thereafter to share out their del.icio.us page. these cataloguing efforts in Agrega. This will serve to expand the pool of online educational content available to Spanish So far, the reviews cover tools that allow you to analyze educators and students, particularly in the fields of finance texts, author interactive works, collect and visualize data, education and teacher training. The website offers engaging conduct linguistic research, and more. All current and future tutorials on how to search for, download and view content reviews are licensed CC BY. on Agrega, in addition to a content catalog. The digital educational materials in Agrega can be used and Endnotes adapted according to CC BY-NC-SA. 1 http://chronicle.com/wiredcampus/index.php?id=3068&utm_ source=wc&utm_medium=en [The above can also be read] in Spanish, thanks to ccLearn 2 http://digitalresearchtools.pbwiki.com/ intern Grace Armstrong. 3 http://delicious.com/tag/tools4research 4 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/ Endnotes 1 http://proyectoagrega.es/ 2 http://proyectoagrega.es/acerca.php 3 http://proyectoagrega.es/docs/demo_catalogo_agrega.pdf 4 See original post: http://creativecommons.org/weblog/ entry/8377 ccLearn 5 0 M illi o n t h V i e w of ccLearn (bi)monthly update - TEDTalks July 18, 2008 by Jane Park by Ahrash Bissell 26 June 2008 18 July 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8410 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8495 Today TED announced the 50 millionth view of a TED talk, June slipped by before we knew what was happening, so marking its success since it first launched online two years ago this is a two-month update. These past two months have in June of 2006. TED stands for Technology, Entertainment, seen ccLearn giving a presentation at CSU Sacramento Design—and it features talks by various speakers from Bill relating open education and universal design, attending Clinton to Bono. However, the most viewed talks are actually the first CC tech summit, and plowing along on the various given by persons previously unknown. They are ideas projects already underway. Also, we welcomed a summer “flying on [their] own merit[s]“, says the executive producer intern, Grace Armstrong, who is coordinating with CCi of TED media according to TEDBlog. Almost half of TED’s and open education leaders in Latin America and beyond audience comes from outside the U.S., establishing TEDTalks on holding meetings and identifying promising collaborative as a global presence. TED Curator Chris Anderson says, opportunities. More on this later this summer. “TED’s mission is to spread ideas, and we’re now doing We have also released a great mapping tool for identifying that on a scale that was unimaginable two years ago. upcoming open educational events, now found on ccLearn’s It’s clear there’s an appetite out there for big ideas and home page. What is unique about this tool is that the data meaningful stories.” are derived from a wiki-table, and anyone can contribute or edit event info. We encourage you to add any events Check out the Top 10 TEDTalks of all time; you’ll be relevant to open education that you may be aware of. We surprised by the speakers and their subjects, with number intend to re-purpose this tool for other mapping exercises one titled, “My stroke of insight,” by neuroanatomist Jill Bolte as well, and since it is open source, like everything Creative Taylor. And while you’re at it, check out Richard Baraniuk’s Commons builds, you can also use it for your own mapping “Goodbye, textbooks; hello, open-source learning,” a needs. One idea that has already been discussed is talk by the founder of Connexions, a leading educational “mapping the open educational space” at the upcoming platform in the OER movement. iSummit. This exercise could take many forms, and the open, collaborative nature of the wiki allows for a lot of All TED talks are licensed under the Creative Commons creativity in how the map takes shape. license CC BY-NC-ND. Look for other developments and research projects to come to fruition in the coming month. The days are getting shorter Endnotes here in the Northern Hemisphere, but the fire season has 1 http://blog.ted.com/2008/06/50_million_tedt.php just begun. 2 http://www.ted.com/index.php/ 3 http://blog.ted.com/ 4 http://blog.ted.com/2008/06/counting_down_t.php Endnotes 5 http://www.ted.com/index.php/talks/richard_baraniuk_on_ 1 http://www.slideshare.net/ahrashb/cclearn-and-universal- open_source_learning.html design-29-may-2008 6 http://cnx.org/ 2 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Creative_Commons_ 7 http://www.ted.com/index.php/help#talks5 Technology_Summit_2008-06-18 8 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ 3 http://creativecommons.org/about/people/#99 4 http://creativecommons.org/international/ 5 http://learn.creativecommons.org/ 6 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Open_Education_Events 7 http://icommonssummit.org/ CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 15 16 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 CC Points of Interest Google Code adds content licensing; Google Knol launches with CC BY default by Mike Linksvayer As prior to its launch Knol was often speculatively compared 23 July 2008 to Wikipedia, it should be noted that the default Knol license http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8506 (CC BY) could permit using Knol content in Wikipedia (with attribution of course), but knols under more restrictive options could not be incorporated into Wikipedia. On the other A Google twofer for Creative Commons today! hand Wikipedia content could not be incorporated into knols (except in the case of fair use of course), even in the Google Knol opened today, intended to be a platform case Wikipedia migrates to CC BY-SA — Knol doesn’t offer for authoritative articles about specific topics, also known a copyleft license. as knols, by a created single author or collaboratively. The default license for a new knol is CC Attribution. A creator The two CC licenses offered by Google Code are those can also choose CC Attribution-NonCommercial or All that are in the spirit of free and open source software, Rights Reserved. befitting Google Code’s user base — free and open source software developers. Separately, Google Code added an option for software projects to specify a separate license for content associated with a software project — CC Attribution or CC Attribution- Endnotes ShareAlike. This does not change Google Code’s selection 1 http://knol.google.com/ of free and open source software licenses for source code. 2 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ (Note: Creative Commons also recommends and uses free 3 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/ and open source software licenses such as the GNU GPL for 4 http://google-code-updates.blogspot.com/2008/07/ source code.) introducing-content-licenses-on-google.html 5 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ It’s really great to see both Google Knol and Google Code 6 http://google-opensource.blogspot.com/2008/05/standing- against-license-proliferation.html launching with and launching support for CC licensing on the 7 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/FAQ#Can_I_use_a_ same day, and interesting how their choice of licenses to offer Creative_Commons_license_for_software.3F differs. Knol defaults to the most liberal CC license, but allows 8 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8213 authors to choose a more restrictive (NonCommercial) license, 9 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8051 or even the most restrictive option — no public license. LibriVox: 1500 public domain audio books by Mike Linksvayer LibriVox founder Hugh McGuire recently posted an 2 June 2008 explanation of why LibriVox audio books are dedicated to the http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8327 public domain rather than released under a CC license: So LibriVox is a small beacon of light in this policy Seven months ago we noted that LibriVox released their question, slowly adding to the public domain while all 1,000th public domain audio book. Now they’ve reached around the public domain is shrinking. this is important in 1,500. That’s over 70 audio books released each month, some broad sense beyond anything particular we do at and things are picking up — they released 115 in May. librivox. at least I think it is. Check out LibriVox, perhaps the most interesting The whole essay is well worth reading. collaborative culture project this side of Wikipedia — and everything on LibriVox is in the public domain, free for any use, without restriction. LibriVox: 1500 public domain audio books > 25 CC Points of Interest The Onion’s AV Club talks Doctorow: First CC-Licensed CC Publishing with Cory Work on NYT Best Sellers Doctorow List/New Graphic Novel by Fred Benenson by Cameron Parkins 12 June 2008 10 June 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8360 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8351 In a provocative interview with Cory Doctorow about his Hyper awesome super CC-evangelist Cory Doctorow has new book Little Brother, the non-satirical Onion A.V. club had two great bits of news pop up in the past couple days, investigates the blogger cum sci-fi author’s motivations and with the first being that his new novel, Little Brother (CC BY- strategies for convincing his publisher to simultaneously NC-SA) has entered its 4th week on the New York Times release his young adult book under CC and hardcover: Bestseller List! A huge accomplishment in its own right, we are especially excited as this is the first case of a CC-licensed AVC: Was the Creative Commons release strategy a hard novel entering the list, let alone staying there for 4 weeks. sell with Tor that first time out? Per usual, you can download the novel in PDF form. CD: No, it was totally trivial, in fact. I lucked out in two In other Doctorow/CC news, Cory Doctorow’s Futuristic respects. My editor at Tor, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, is Tales of the Here and Now, “ a six-edition series of comics super-geeky. We met on a BBS in the ’80s, and he runs adapted from [his] short stories by an incredibly talented crew his own Linux boxes; it just made a lot of sense for him. of writers, artists, inkers and letterers” was recently released Furthermore, he’s also the senior editor at Tor, he runs the under a CC BY-NC-SA license, meaning you can mix it up as science-fiction and fantasy line at Tor, so he kind of doesn’t you see fit (get the PDF) provided it is on a noncommercial have to ask anyone when he wants to do this stuff. basis. Congrats to Cory on both accomplishments! […] Endnotes Tom Doherty and Patrick both looked at this and said, 1 http://craphound.com/ “You know, electronic books represent the worst ratio of 2 http://craphound.com/littlebrother/ hours spent in meetings to dollars generated in income of 3 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ anything we’ve ever tried at this press. Here’s something 4 http://www.boingboing.net/2008/06/04/little-brother-goes. that’s relatively free — all we need to do is give it away, html and we can see what people want to do with it. And if it 5 http://craphound.com/littlebrother/download/ works, great. And if it doesn’t work, well, we’ve learned. 6 http://www.boingboing.net/2008/06/09/my-new-graphic- novel.html And if it’s inconclusive, we can try more, because we’re 7 http://www.archive.org/details/ a big press, we’ve got lots and lots of books, and we CoryDoctorowsFuturisticTalesOfTheHereAndNow can try lots of different things.” [emphasis added] And if it’s going to work for anyone, it’s going to work for me, because I’ve got such a good online presence. And you can see that they’re now trying this with writers who have a less prominent online presence, and they’re finding that by and large, it’s working pretty well for them. [Visit http://avclub.com/content/interview/cory_doctorow/] to read full interview. Endnotes 1 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_A.V._Club 2 http://www.avclub.com/ CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 17 18 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 CC Points of Interest George Eastman House, VIA’s OpenBook Project Takes Bibliothèque de Toulouse Join Off, Wins International Flickr Commons Award by Cameron Parkins by Tim Hwang 21 July 2008 24 June 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8497 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8401 usage/) (http://www.flickr.com/commons/ | No known copyright restrictions. Dans les jardins de Monte-Carlo Big news coming out this month on VIA’s OpenBook mini- notebook computer project which incorporates an “open Two more amazing photo collections have been added to design” approach that makes the CAD design plans for the the continuously growing Flickr Commons, one coming device available to the public under the permissive terms from the George Eastman House and the other from of a Creative Commons BY SA license. The project invites La Bibliothèque de Toulouse. Both groups’ photostreams are customers to innovate and solicits suggestions from users on absolutely amazing to pour over, offering stunning images future iterations of the laptop. To spur involvement, they’ve from the turn of the century that are all released in the public even recently released a video that opens the laptop up domain. Again, in case you have missed any of our other and showcases the electronic guts that enable OpenBook’s posts on the Flickr Commons, some info below: users the flexibility to add modules and choose openly between wireless options. The key goals of The Commons are to firstly give you a taste of the hidden treasures in the world’s public Happy to announce that since we first reported on the laptop’s photography archives, and secondly to show how your debut in May, the project has taken off. Engadget recently input and knowledge can help make these collections even reviewed the product, writing simply that the OpenBook richer. You’re invited to help describe the photographs made “that Macbook Air look positively last century.” And, you discover in The Commons on Flickr, either by adding this month, before an international jury of design experts at tags or leaving comments this years Taipei Computex, the VIA OpenBook has taken home the Gold Award for Design and Innovation for 2008. The rest of the institutions on the Flickr Commons have all Congratulations guys! recently added new photos as well, increasing the worth of an already phenomenal resource. Endnotes 1 http://www.viaopenbook.com/ Endnotes 2 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ 1 http://flickr.com/commons 3 http://www.viaopenbook.com/index.php?id=13 2 http://flickr.com/photos/george_eastman_house/ 4 http://www.viaopenbook.com/index.php?Itemid=10 3 http://flickr.com/photos/bibliothequedetoulouse/ 5 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8320 4 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8381 6 http://engadget.com/2008/05/27/via-openbook-hands-on/ 5 http://flickr.com/photos/brooklyn_museum/; http://flickr. 7 http://www.computextaipei.com.tw/ com/photos/library_of_congress/; http://flickr.com/photos/ 8 http://via.com.tw/en/resources/pressroom/pressrelease. smithsonian/; http://flickr.com/photos/powerhouse_museum/ jsp?press_release_no=2389 CC Points of Interest From Open Software to Open Music by Greg Grossmeier 11 June 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8354 Jono Bacon, the Community Manager for Ubuntu and full- “I think the key ingredient here is assembling a group time metal head, recently announced a new musical project of people who have a shared ethos — this is what we he is undertaking, SeveredFifth. do in Free Software, and this is what I am doing with Severed Fifth — it’s incredible what is possible when the SeveredFifth is Jono’s new music project with the aims of right minds come together.” seeing how far one musician can take the concept of Free (as in Freedom) music. Jono: I encourage everyone who has a musical taste which leans towards metal to head on over to SeveredFifth and sign up “Severed Fifth is really here to ask questions — both for the newsletter and join the discussion; great things are musically, and in terms of the new music economy.” sure to happen. To accomplish this goal he is releasing his first album under the name SeveredFifth using a Creative Commons Endnotes Attribution ShareAlike license. This license is easy to 1 http://www.ubuntu.com/ understand to any member of the Open Source Software 2 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ persuasion (the group with which Jono is currently most 3 http://www.severedfifth.com/ active); you are free to make copies, redistribute, or modify 4 http://www.severedfifth.com/news/ it as long as you cite correct attribution and keep it under 5 http://www.severedfifth.com/forums/ the same license. Jono: “I chose that license because I wanted to secure some key rights for listeners of my music - rights that I feel are important as a listener. I think the choice of license is key to the aims of the project.” Because Jono is empowering his fan base with the use of the CC Licenses, the community of listeners which form around the music are the ones who will improve the project the most. The initial work of creating publicity materials such as the website and photography has been done by some of Jono’s friends, but without the contributions of community members the project can not succeed. CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 19 20 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 CC Points of Interest The Smithsonian Joins Flickr: The Commons by Cameron Parkins 20 June 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8381 The Smithsonian has joined the Library of Congress, the Powerhouse Museum, and the Brooklyn Museum in releasing numerous (over 850 from the Smithsonian alone) photos from their archives online - free of copyright restrictions - to The Commons on Flickr. There are some absolutely stunning photographs available in high- resolution, ranging from portraits of artists, scientists, and inventors to photos of everyday people and places. Some info on The Commons below: The key goals of The Commons are to firstly give you Portrait of Albert Einstein and Others (1879-1955), Physicist | a taste of the hidden treasures in the world’s public http://www.flickr.com/photos/smithsonian/2575986742/ No known photography archives, and secondly to show how your copyright restrictions. (http://www.flickr.com/commons/usage/) input and knowledge can help make these collections even richer. You’re invited to help describe the photographs you discover in The Commons on Flickr, either by adding tags or leaving comments In similar news, a wonderful new group, Free Use Photos, has been created as a means for Flickr users to post copyright- free photos. In lieu of a formal way for users to indicate public domain status for their photos, the creators of the group have decided to post information regarding CC0 in conjunction with clear language waiving copyright to make clear that all photos posted to the group “are available for use by anyone” with “no need to give credit or to fear rights infringement.” Endnotes 1 http://flickr.com/photos/smithsonian/ 2 http://flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/ 3 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8190 4 http://flickr.com/photos/brooklyn_museum/ 5 http://flickr.com/commons 6 http://flickr.com/groups/freeuse 7 http://flickr.com/groups/freeuse/ discuss/72157605551707358/ CC Points of Interest The Spirit of Sharing in Jordan by Cameron Parkins able to build on others’ work in a fair manner,” Simpson 16 June 2008 told The Jordan Times [...] “The whole concept passes http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8368 on the spirit of sharing, which in a creative community is important to do,” she said, adding that legally allowing creative collaboration would curb intellectual property rights violations. Jordan has long been a geographical area where Creative Commons has looked to expand (you can read about our The article also touches on the amazing work of Abu- Jordan-specific jurisdiction work at http://creativecommons. Ghazaleh Intellectual Property who we have been working org/international/jo/) - as such, recent news about the with in an effort to port CC licences to Jordan and the rest promotion of CC, the public domain, and an increased spirit of the Arab world. of sharing in Jordan is inspiring. Two UK artists, Eileen Simpson and Ben White of the Open Endnotes Music Archive, have been traveling throughout Jordan for 1 http://www.technewsworld.com/story/63247.html?welcome=1 the past 6 months, advocating for the establishment of a ‘CC 212528636&welcome=1212536690 &welcome=1212631647 Jordan’ as a means for local artists to “freely collaborate 2 http://www.openmusicarchive.org/ without harsh licensing restrictions”. To Simpson and White, 3 http://www.agip.com/ CC licences would act as a means to promote authors, artists, filmmakers, and musicians across the country with Simpson stating, “If we weren’t allowed to refer back to previous works, to walk down the path of others, we would just be lost, and the creative community will be stifled.” From TechNewsWorld: In an effort to highlight the importance of a diverse and vibrant public domain, Simpson and White spent the last six months attempting to sample old Jordanian films and musical works whose copyrights have expired, an experiment to work within restrictions imposed by international and local trademark and copyright laws. [...] Unable to find archived material that is now completely accessible in the public domain, they turned to the Jordan Academy of Music, which collected folk songs from the Kingdom for the 2002 celebration of Amman as Arab Cultural Capital. As the recordings are from the shared community and have no accredited author, the folk songs are a part of the public domain and therefore are not owned or controlled by anyone and are considered as “public property.” Simpson and White plan on taking the songs and remixing them with local artists, updating the ballads and encouraging artists to explore the music further. “We all build on the creativity of others, and we should be CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 21 22 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 CC Points of Interest CASH Music by Cameron Parkins Really, we’re trying to 29 July 2008 show that remixing and http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8602 sharing aren’t the only ways to get involved with music. It’s been so rewarding seeing the remixes generated at CASH, ccMixter, and in the wild; but I’ve also been CASH Music, an acronym for ‘Coalition of Artists and thrilled to see people downloading and spending time with Stakeholders’, has been an impressive member of the CC Adam Gnade’s Hymn California novel or flooding Jamie community since they debuted late last year. Part music from Xiu Xiu with requests for haiku. People are forming label, part creative community, CASH Music has major plans real bonds with the music, the artists, and the communities to change the landscape of contemporary artistic output with they’re building around the releases. Music has always been a particular focus on the dialogue between content creators a highly participatory art form — and we’re trying to harness and consumers. They already have some amazing projects that in new ways. out under their moniker and with more on the way, we decided to catch up with CASH Music partner Jesse Von At CASH artists have been releasing full mix stems for Doom to learn more about CASH’s goals, their business remixing, tracks with community-added vocals, sheet music, model, and what they have in store for the future. writing that’s tied to the music — things that get an audience directly involved with the art. There are also elements Can you give our readers some background on of enhancing a release to the public. There are videos, CASH Music? How did it begin? Who is involved? On interviews, photos, ebooks, and lyric sheets. Donita Sparks a broad level, what are you trying to accomplish? even opened up percentages of licensing for a track off her last album. Listeners could buy shares in a song, letting them CASH is an acronym for Coalition of Artists and Stake participate in the profits from any TV or film licensing. Holders. The name was chosen to reflect the goals and the people involved. The idea was born in a simple conversation The idea is that artists are exploring new ways to bring between Kristin Hersh and Donita Sparks about achieving their music to an audience, with the ultimate goal being to sustainability in the currently volatile music world. Their strengthen both sides of that exchange. managers, Billy O’Connell and Robert Fagan respectively, continued the conversation and became the first two Can you discuss CASH’s business model? There partners in what would be CASH. At the time I was running seems to be a combination between giving away a graphic and web design firm with my business partner, things for free, selling collector goods, and asking Jack McKenna. A few business connections and friends-in- for donations. How did you come up with this common later, Jack and I started working for CASH and combination? How well has it worked so far? quickly became partners ourselves. That’s a fair summary of what’s up there now, but it’s more Since then we’ve won the support of seasoned advisors, of an interim solution than a true business model. We’re organizations like Creative Commons, and some talented committed to the idea of sustainability, both for the artists artists. But it still goes back to that first conversation between involved and for ourselves. That means finding the best Kristin and Donita. We’re trying to help find healthy model for each artist and helping them to move forward in sustainability for artists while giving listeners more of a stake that direction. When you see an artist offering a subscription, in the music for a new and better experience. it’s because that’s what fits with their career, rather than it being something we’ve shoehorned them into. So our long- CASH is unsurprisingly identified with music. With term model is based on the idea that if an artist succeeds at that said, you have been working on a variety of his or her goals, then we succeed. projects that don’t have musical components. Why is that? But to answer more directly, I’d say I’m very pleased so far. We’ve had over 4.5 million downloads, over 100,000 visitors, and hundreds of subscribers from all over the world. Kristin Hersh doing vocals for a Xiu Xiu track. This went basically unnoticed and I sort of love that. It was a gem hidden in plain sight, and something I could never see happening otherwise. Lucas Gonze taking Deerhoof sheet music and cranking out midi and all sorts of helpful files. This is a great photo by Taryn James example. Deerhoof have released their first single off an CC BY (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/) upcoming album as sheet music, with the plea that artists record their own versions and submit them back to CASH. Virtually everything you see on the CASH Music site right We’ve gotten some great examples of exactly that, but now wouldn’t be possible without the support we’ve received Lucas took the sheet music and created files that open from artists and their listeners. Our first project went live eight up potential involvement to a much larger community. It months ago, and we’ve been able to work on CASH for the was unexpected, impossible without CC licensing, and its better part of a year as a self-funded endeavor. While not all proving an invaluable asset to the project. our projects involve commerce, the ones that do have made significant impact for the artists involved. In just skimming over the projects listed on CASH Music’s front page it is immediately obvious that We’ve been especially happy to see people donating to CASH focuses on unique and engaging projects. artists. From the very beginning we were determined to Can you give us a hint of what may be coming in provide direct access to music without placing artificial the future? gateways in front of it. There are obvious questions about whether people would balk at giving money to an artist You can certainly count on more projects and more artist for content they could download for free, but we’ve seen involvement. We’ll continue on in this invitation-only, highly numerous examples of people trying music and donating custom way for a while; but there will be a greater role for what they feel is a fair price. This is a pretty big deal to the public with each new project. Ultimately we’re working me. An artist spends time writing the music and money is towards a fully open-sourced, hosted platform that is spent on studio time, all to put out the best possible music. available to all, and more details on that are forthcoming. I like to think that people are genuinely considering all that, We’re doing our best to be as open as possible, so fairly recognizing the effort, and helping it to continue. regular updates can be expected. In the coming months you’ll see new names, new ideas, and plenty of new music. In every CASH project there is some level of CC licensing, be it large or small. Why did you decide to use CC licenses with CASH Music projects? Endnotes 1 http://cashmusic.org/ The real question is how could we have done it without 2 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7896 Creative Commons. CC Licensing simplifies the process of 3 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8509; http:// community interaction, it pre-clears music for podcasting and creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8089; http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8415 sharing, and it lets the artist define what use of their work 4 http://s3.amazonaws.com/cash_users/kristinhersh/misc/ they see as fair while retaining their copyright and whatever AngelOfTheBattlefield.mp3 level of commercial rights they choose to keep. I feel that the 5 http://xiuxiu.cashmusic.org/singonthissong.php entire music industry, independents and majors, should be 6 http://deerhoof.cashmusic.org/ using Creative Commons licenses for shared music. 7 http://www.soupgreens.com/offendmaggie/ Have you seen any interesting cases of reuse as a result of using CC licenses? Absolutely! There are two that jump to mind right away: CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 23 24 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 CC Points of Interest Gilberto Gil on Democracy Now by Cameron Parkins 25 June 2008 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/8405 Today’s Democracy Now! episode features an extensive interview with CC advocate and Brazilian Minister of Culture Gilberto Gil in which he speaks at length abou his experiences with CC licensing in regards to culture, medicine, and the process of “democratizing the distribution of intellectual property rights”. You can read or watch the interview here: Yeah. The author laws, the author rights, I mean, they belong to—the way they are set and the laws are written and applied and everything, that all belongs to a previous period, you know, previous time, an analog, so to speak, an analog time. Now, the digital area, the digital era enable Joi Ito. (http://joi.ito.com/) “Gilberto Gil” (http://flickr.com/photos/joi/2116005332/) CC us to extend and expand cultural BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/deed.en) products and cultural goods and cultural possibilities to a level that we — we have to also rewrite and reshape the legal framework Endnotes and the regulatory framework, so that it can adjust to 1 http://www.democracynow.org/2008/6/25/from_political_ the new possibilities. That’s what Creative Commons is prisoner_to_cabinet_minister about, bringing possibilities to manage their own work, 2 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilberto_Gil you know, to the creators, so that the songwriters, the 3 http://lessig.org/ theater play writers, the book writers, and so and so, can 4 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/us/ have the possibilities to manage their own work and say 5 http://www.gilbertogil.com.br/sec_agenda.php — and determine what their work will serve for. Gil goes on to discuss his decision to CC license his music, the experience of bringing CC to Brazil with the help of CC founder Lawrence Lessig, and his opinions in general about culture and creativity in a digital age. A great interview that is free to share through Democracy Now!’s decision to release all their original content under a CC BY-NC-ND license. UPDATE: Gil is also currently on tour, with upcoming dates across the United States and Europe. an advanced degree in French and French History from 5 < Esther Wojcicki the Sorbonne, Paris, a Secondary School Administrative Commission Teacher of the Year in 2002. She served on the Credential from San Jose State University, and a M.A. in University of California Office of the President Curriculum Educational Technology from San Jose State University. She Committee where she helped revise the beginning and has also worked as a professional journalist for multiple advanced journalism curriculum for the state of California. publications and now blogs regularly for HuffingtonPost In 2005–6 she worked as the Google educational consultant and HotChalk. and helped design the Google Teacher Outreach program, which includes the website www.google.com/educators and Endnotes the Google Teacher Academy. She holds a B.A. degree 1 http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ from UC Berkeley in English and Political Science, a general 2 http://www.hotchalk.com/ secondary teaching credential from UC Berkeley, a graduate degree from the Graduate School of Journalism at Berkeley, http://wiki.laptop.org/go/Creative_Commons 8 < Content License Information of Creative Commons, and Asheesh Laroia, Software Creative Commons Sharing Creative Works Public Domain Engineer, on Thursday July 24th in room F150. Released Comics http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Sharing_Creative_Works Links Endnotes Desktop Integration Software: liblicense 1 http://creativecommons.org/projects/liblicense http://creativecommons.org/projects/liblicense 2 http://creativecommons.org/projects/LicenseChooser.js OSCON “Rights on the Desktop with liblicense” Presentation http://en.oreilly.com/oscon2008/public/schedule/ detail/2857 Web Integration Software: LicenseChooser.js http://creativecommons.org/projects/LicenseChooser.js OLPC Creative Commons Page 11 < Australian Version 3.0 16 < LibriVox: 1500 public domain audio books Endnotes Endnotes 1 http://creativecommons.org.au/australasiancommons 1 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/entry/7784 2 http://creativecommons.org.au/materials/BY_v3_Aus_ 2 http://hughmcguire.net/2008/06/02/librivox-115-and-1500/ June_08_draft.pdf 3 http://librivox.org/ 3 http://creativecommons.org.au/materials/BY_NC_SA_v3_ 4 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/publicdomain/ Aus_June_08_draft.pdf 5 http://hughmcguire.net/2008/03/31/why-public-domain-and- 4 http://creativecommons.org.au/v3draft not-creative-commons/ 5 http://wiki.creativecommons.org/Version_3 6 http://ccelliott.blogspot.com/2008/06/towards-ccau- version-30.html 7 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/weblog/entry/7249 8 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/international/ 9 http://creativecommons.org/weblog/international/nz/ 10 http://www.creativecommons.org.nz/ 11 http://www.creativecommons.org.uk/ 12 http://lists.ibiblio.org/mailman/listinfo/cc-au CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 25 26 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8 creativecommons.org We rely on our supporters to continue our work enabling stories like those listed above. Check it out — Donate: http://support.creativecommons.org/donate CC Store: http://support.creativecommons.org/store Subscribe to the CC Weblog: http://bloglines.com/sub/http://creativecommons.org/ weblog/rss http://google.com/reader/view/feed/http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/rss http://add.my.yahoo.com/rss?url=http:// creativecommons.org/weblog/rss Creative Commons was built with, and sustained by, the generous support of organizations including the Center for the Public Domain, the Omidyar Network, The Rockefeller Foundation, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, as well as members of the public. Creative Commons newsletters are also posted to the CC Wiki. For back issues please visit: http://wiki.creativecommons.org/CCNewsletter Cover: “Traced.” © 2008. Lairaja. Some Rights Reserved. Except when otherwise noted, this work is licensed under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ph/. This remixed image incorporates Joi Ito’s (“tiles” http://flickr.com/photos/joi/1734721/) and elements derived from the works of Michael Schamis (“Constantine Maroulis of The Wedding Singer” http://flickr.com/photos/michael_schamis/240161156/), Pedro Simões (“Street Painter” http://flickr.com/photos/pedrosimoes7/190673196/), dbking (“US Supreme Court” http://flickr.com/photos/bootbearwdc/37621686), and Joi Ito (“Alexandre” http://flickr.com/photos/ joi/2723077409/, “The amazing video duo” http://flickr.com/photos/joi/2723880372/, “Thomas the Guitar Hero” http://flickr.com/photos/joi/2694771733/, and “Michelle Thorne” http://flickr.com/photos/ joi/559566738/), All under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licenses. This newsletter is licensed under http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ — please share and remix!