DOKK Library

Creative Commons Newsletter No.8


License CC-BY-3.0

Share, Reuse, Remix —

                             N      E      W   S   L   E      T       T       E
                                                       CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8   R   Issue No. 8                                   August 20081
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

Dear All,                                            As a CC supporter, you know this story - you
                                                     know the commons is growing. So over the last
Almost six (I know — six!) years ago, Creative       two issues of this newsletter I’ve tried to bring
Commons was launched with a “simple”                 you stories and information that you may not
goal - to help build a pool of content of every      know. Glimpses inside the world of CC (the
material-type that anyone could access.              organization) of what we are doing to help
In order to do this, we empowered you — the          YOU continue to build the commons — and
citizen publishers of the Web — by providing         this newsletter is no different, as it highlights
the legal and technical tools needed to help         the work of Eric Steuer — our Creative Director
you take advantage of all that the internet          who is working ceaselessly to help make CC as
has to offer. And because of you and your            user-friendly and ubiquitous as possible.           Alex Roberts. “Melissa
                                                                                                         Reeder.” CC BY 3.0
contributions over the years, the commons is
thriving. Millions of digital objects are under      As always, if you have any suggestions for how
CC licenses — 75 million photographs on              I can make this newsletter any better, please
Flickr alone. Hundreds of scholarly and              let me know.                                        Melissa Reeder
scientific journals, open educational resources,                                                         Development Manager
architectural drawings, scientific illustrations,    All the best,                                       Creative Commons
songs, blogs, novels and movies.

                                                       News Flash
On Aug. 13th, the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (the leading IP court in the U.S.), held that “Open
Source” or public license licensors are entitled to copyright infringement relief, agreeing with a brief submitted by Creative
Commons and several other organizations. This is huge for Creative Commons and the open movement.


3      Inside Scoop                                                  15      *50 Millionth View of TEDTalks
ccCore                                                                       *ccLearn (bi)monthly update - July 18, 2008
5      Esther Wojcicki Joins Creative Commons Board!               
6      Creative Commons Launches Collaborative Global Case           CC Points of Interest
       Studies Project                                               16    *Google Code adds content licensing; Google Knol launches                        with CC BY default
8      Incorporating content license information just made easier                        *LibriVox: 1500 public domain audio books

                                                                                                                                         Backgrounds are derivatives of Joi Ito’s “tiles”
CCi                                                                  17    *The Onion’s AV Club talks CC Publishing with Cory
9      Case Studies - The Book!                                            Doctorow              
10     Experts in Norway adapt CC licenses to national law                 *Doctorow: First CC-Licensed Work on NYT Best Sellers                        List/New Graphic Novel
11     Australian Version 3.0 drafts in public discussion                          18    *George Eastman House, Bibliothèque de Toulouse Join Flickr
12     Singapore proudly celebrates the launch of the localized            Commons
       Creative Commons Licenses                                                         *VIA’s OpenBook Project Takes Off, Wins International
Science Commons                                                  
13     Announcing the Health Commons                                 19    From Open Software to Open Music              
                                                                     20    The Smithsonian Joins Flickr: The Commons
                                                                                                                                         joi/1734721/ CC BY 2.0

14     *Digital Research Tools (DiRT) Wiki Launched                  21    The Spirit of Sharing in Jordan              
       *Agrega, the New Educational Digital Object Platform          22    Featured Commoner: CASH Music              
                                                                     24    Gilberto Gil on Democracy Now
The Inside Scoop
Culture Commons
Eric Steuer, Creative Commons’ Creative Director

As the creative director of Creative Commons, I help guide
CC’s strategy for increasing the amount, breadth, and quality
of creative work available to the public for free and legal use,
sharing, and remixing. There are several key components of
this work; each plays a role in helping Creative Commons
succeed in getting more (and better) cultural material added
into the commons.

I work with websites, technology companies, and media
sharing platforms to implement CC-licensing tools inside their
systems. Flickr is a great example of how sites that offer the
easy ability to attach Creative Commons licenses to content
are immensely useful in growing the commons. By current
count, there are more than 77 million Flickr photos under           Joi Ito. “Eric Steuer”
CC licenses. This an incredible number, and this success is         CC BY 2.0
largely due to the fact that Flickr offers a simple and intuitive
interface for adding CC licenses to photos, as well as very         launch an art and music exhibit (it’s both a live, physical
clear messaging about how Creative Commons works.                   installation that will travel, as well as an online exhibition)
                                                                    called Into Infinity (check it out at All
A handful of recent interesting implementations of CC-              of the works in Into Infinity are licensed under CC BY-NC.
licensing tools in this same fashion include Lingro                 We have reached out to hundreds of artists and musicians
(a collaboratively-built multilingual dictionary under CC BY-       for submissions; in the process of directly bringing new and
SA), Obama in 30 Seconds (a project encouraging the public          interesting creative work into the commons, we are exposing
to create Barack Obama campaign ads under CC BY-NC-                 influential creators to the Creative Commons approach
SA), Zhura (a screenwriting website that offers CC licensing        to copyright. In turn, we hope that they will expose their
options to users to enable easy collaboration), GreenYour.          communities, friends, and fans to more open and permissive
com (a user-developed database of simple ways to make               ways of creating and distributing work.
your everyday choices more environmentally friendly), and
Rifflet (a site where musicians can post unfinished songs for       I also spend time presenting Creative Commons’ goals and
others to hear, build upon, and rework).                            mission in public fora, including panels, conferences, and
                                                                    media. With this work, I intend to educate influential “point
I also work with musicians, filmmakers, and artists to figure out   people” about Creative Commons, so that they are equipped
the best ways to incorporate CC licenses into their releases        to share what they have learned about CC with others. As
and projects. A few recent examples of high profile creators        one of the leading organizations that deals with intellectual
that have used CC licenses include Loops (choreography by           property issues, Creative Commons is routinely invited to
master dancer/choreographer Merce Cunningham that is                provide expertise in the media and at high profile events
released under CC BY-NC-SA), Tracey: Re-Fragmented (the             and conferences. Some of the most fruitful relationships we
online counterpart of the film The Tracey Fragments, where          have made — and some of the most important projects we
all of the film’s footage and music (performed by the excellent     have developed — have come as a result of being at events
band Broken Social Scene) are available under CC BY-NC-             where companies and creators go to interface with people
SA for people to use for their own endeavors), and NOVA’s           and learn about new approaches to making, distributing,
Car of the Future project (where PBS and NOVA released              and monetizing creative work.
240 clips of raw footage from the making of their Car of the
Future documentary under CC BY-NC).

As part of our outreach work, Creative Commons has
become more active in creating, curating, and producing
CC-licensed media projects. Most notably, we are about to

                                                                                      CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

Inside Scoop
Recent success stories from CC users

Nine Inch Nails                                                    The samples, which have only been online for a few months,
                                                                   have already been downloaded and used thousands of
Contrary to what many people believe, giving the world             times. While this is great in and of itself, of even more value
instant, free, and legal access to cultural material is not the    to the world is the fact that this project provides a simple
death knell for industries like the music business. In fact, the   model for creating freely usable libraries of high quality
freedoms that CC licenses facilitate actually provide myriad       cultural material. Inspired by the OLPC project, there are
new opportunities for commercializing creativity.                  new efforts under way to create similar libraries of CC BY-
                                                                   licensed photography and clip art geared towards kids (but
Creative Commons works closely with musicians and                  that can be also used by the general public).
music businesses to develop innovative new models for
distributing creativity. While there are a variety of examples     Media That Matters film festival
of how our work in this regard has paid off, an obvious
recent success story involves Nine Inch Nails, one of the          The Media that Matters film festival showcases short movies,
world’s most loved bands. Nine Inch Nails licensed its             documentaries, music videos, animations, and experimental
two most recent albums under CC BY-NC-SA licenses, as a            work addressing social themes ranging from gay rights
way of engaging with fans more freely and more directly.           to global warming. All of the films are created by young
The albums were downloaded millions upon millions of               filmmakers (many of whom are under 21) who are looking for
times over the ensuing months, and tracks from the albums          their work and ideas to be exposed as broadly as possible.
were subsequently shared on blogs, remixed and mashed-
up, and used as source material for new creative works             Arts Engine, the non-profit that organizes and hosts the
many times over. Meanwhile, the band made millions of              festival, releases the films after the festival under a CC BY-
dollars from selling CDs and merchandise associated with           NC-ND license and also sells region-free unencrypted CC-
the releases, proving that the reputational and publicity          licensed DVDs of all the films that can be shown in any non-
benefits of making music available to the world for free           commercial setting. The organization uses CC licensing to
and legal sharing, remixing, and reuse can be incredibly           promote the festival, films, and filmmakers to people outside
good business.                                                     of New York, who would be unlikely to be able to attend the
                                                                   festival in person. A short from the Media That Matters film
This development is critical, as it signifies to music fans —      festival, entitled “A Girl Like Me,” recently made its way on to
and perhaps, most importantly, to other creators — that CC         The Oprah Winfrey Show, and has since racked up almost a
licenses are not just soft expressions but hard legal tools        million views on YouTube.
used by serious artists as important components of emerging
business models. Since the Nine Inch Nails releases, CC
licenses have been built into the business models that power
recent projects by well-known musicians like Radiohead,
Deerhoof, and Curt Smith of Tears for Fears.

OLPC sound samples

The One Laptop Per Child project has organized a giant
sound library with more than 7000 sound samples that
have been donated by institutions like the Berklee College
of Music and companies like digital audio software makers
M-Audio and Digidesign. The samples are released under a
CC BY license so that kids can use them to learn about music
and musicmaking. They’re also, of course, available to adults
around the world, who are encouraged to use them freely
and legally for teaching, demos, and creating music.
Esther Wojcicki Joins Creative Commons Board!

by Tim Hwang
10 July 2008

Great news being released today that Esther Wojcicki,
prominent education innovator, has officially joined the
Creative Commons board! We’re thrilled (and lucky) to get
her experience and advice on all our developing education
related initiatives.

Education Innovator Esther Wojcicki Joins Creative
Commons Board                                                   Joi Ito. “Esther Wojcicki”
                                                                CC BY 2.0
Creative Commons (CC), a global non-profit focused on
the preservation and growth of an openly shareable and          Google Teacher Outreach Program and Google Teacher
remixable media landscape, officially announced today           Academy, a professional development event which trains
that education innovator Esther Wojcicki has joined its         teachers to leverage innovative technologies to enhance
Board of Directors.                                             their classrooms.

Wojcicki has been a prominent figure in American                Wojcicki joins a board of directors that includes technologist
education. As the leading mind behind the creation of           Joi Ito, cyberlaw and intellectual property experts James Boyle,
the country’s largest high school journalism program, she       Michael Carroll, Molly Shaffer Van Houweling, Eric Saltzman,
has won numerous awards, including the prestigious title        and Lawrence Lessig, MIT computer science professor Hal
of Teacher of the Year from the California State Teacher        Abelson, Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales, documentary
Credentialing Commission. Most recently, she received           filmmaker Davis Guggenheim, and Public Knowledge founder
special recognition for her work from the National Scholastic   Laurie Racine.
Press Association.
                                                                More About Esther Wojcicki
“We’re truly excited to have Esther on board. Her presence
marks an important step in the developing role Creative         Esther Wojcicki has been teaching Journalism and English
Commons seeks to play in supporting open educational            at Palo Alto High School, Palo Alto, California for the past
content” commented Joi Ito, CEO of CC, “Her experience          25 years, where she has been the driving force behind the
and advice will be an invaluable part of shaping our future     development of its award-winning journalism program.
in that arena.                                                  It is now the largest high school journalism program in
                                                                the U.S involving 400 students. All the publications can
Esther Wojcicki said, “I am thrilled to be joining the          be found at which is the school
talented team of directors, advisors, and staff at Creative     publication website.
Commons, whose collaborative efforts are supporting
the expansion of the public domain. I look forward to            In the spring of 2008, she was recognized for inspiration
applying my experience in education and technology, and         and excellence in scholastic journalism advising by the
am eager to work closely with the Board as this pioneering      National Scholastic Press Association. She has won multiple
organization continues to grow.”                                awards throughout the years. A couple of others included
                                                                the 1990 Northern California Journalism teacher of the
Wojcicki has also been a key pioneer in exploring the           year in 1990 and California State Teacher Credentialing
emerging interface between education and technology.
She helped lay the groundwork for the design of the              Esther Wojcicki > 25

                                                                                  CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

Creative Commons Launches Collaborative
Global Case Studies Project

by Jon Phillips                                                   CC’s CEO, Joi Ito, said in the press release for this project[3]
23 June 2008                                                      that it is important to realize that CC is not just a “cute                      idea,” but a crucial fact in the success of many businesses,
                                                                  artists, authors, and professionals. So, highlighted in
                                                                  the Case Studies Project[4] are examples such as the
                                                                  Blender Foundation[5] and their success with applying[6]
                                                                  Creative Commons Attribution licenses[7] to both of their
                                                                  Open Source 3D animations.[8] Also, there are specific
                                                                  highlights on authors like NYTimes bestselling author[9]
                                                                  Cory Doctorow’s overall usage of CC[10] to support the
                                                                  dissemination of his books, all the way to detailed case
                                                                  studies about Luxembourg-based (but global!) Jamendo[11]
                                                                  and of course studies on Nine Inch Nails Ghosts I–IV[12] and
                                                                  The Slip album releases.[13] Remember: The goal is to focus
                                                                  on the story of these successes.

                                                                  We need your help.

                                                                  We didn’t want to just build a system that is static like many
                                                                  corporate case studies that one might get at a conference
                                                                  and immediately chuck into the bin. Rather, we built this on
                                                                  top of our Semantic MediaWiki-based wiki[14] (highlighted
                                                                  in the /participate page[15] above) so that there is a simple
                                                                  human-readable form for adding and editing case studies
                                                                  that anyone out there may use. Since the system is a structured
                                                                  wiki, the data part of the system is sortable, queryable, and
                                                                  mashable. For example, here is a sort through the entire
                                                                  system alphabetically[16] with four columns: pagename,
                                                                  Author, media format and country of the project.

                                                                  This is an invitation to hop over to the Case Studies project[17]
                                                                  right now, and help us make this project super solid. We need
                                                                  more case studies from around the world in any language.
                                                                  And, if you speak more than one language, please help
                                                                  by translating the case studies.[18] If there is something that
                                                                  bugs you about it, then help us out by committing: its a wiki!
Poster by Blender Foundation (, CC   If you really want to be a saint, then direct your energy as
BY 3.0 (              well to our public roadmap for the project,[19] jump onto our
                                                                  cc-community mailing list[20] to express interest, and chat with
Over the past few months several of us at Creative Commons        us on our IRC chat channel.
have been collaborating with our colleagues at Creative
Commons Australia[1] to create a collaborative system for         And, if that is not enough incentive to participate, Creative
promoting the great CC stories that will help the world           Commons Australia today has released at the Creative
understand how great Creative Commons licenses are for            Commons Australia conference, “Building an Australasian
creative works. To highlight the global nature of this launch,    Commons,”[21] a printed booklet with 60 case studies from
it coincides with the CC Australia’s conference today (June       this system all professionally designed. There will be more
24, 2008), “Building an Australasian Commons”[2] where            printings of these case studies in the future, which might
this project is to be presented.                                  include your contributions.
Look for presentations about this project at upcoming
conferences this summer, where newly added case studies
will be highlighted on big projectors. Look for this project at
Communia/CC Europe meetings June 30-July 1 in Belgium,[22]
FSCONS on October 25-26 in Gothenburg, Sweden[23] and
other conferences focusing on the local and global.

Hats off as well to all those who have helped including
the project party: Jessica Coates, Rachel Cobcroft, Elliot
Bledsoe,[24] Timothy Vollmer,[25] Cameron Parkins,[26] Tim
Hwang,[27] Greg Grossmeier,[28] and Michelle Thorne.[29]
There are many more that have helped as well. If you help,
you get plugged!
                                                                   Joi Ito. “Cory Doctorow”
Please help us by spreading the word on this project, blogging     CC BY 2.0
about Case Studies, and adding more to the system.

1                                17
2             18
3          19
4               20
5            21
6                  22
7                    23
8                  24
9                  25
10                 26
11                 27
12   28
13      29
14                                     Commons)

                                                                                      CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

Incorporating content license information just made easier

by Greg Grossmeier                                             functionality to read and write license information into
23 July 2008                                                   many supported media files. Along with access to license                   information, the library offers a standard set of icons for
                                                               graphical representation of selected or discovered licenses.
                                                               As Creative Commons’ international team refreshes the
                                                               licenses or adds a new jurisdiction, software developers can
Creative Commons has announced the release of two              simply update liblicense to receive these changes. Currently,
very important tools for the developer community. These        liblicense is distributed with development versions of the
tools, liblicense and LicenseChooser.js, provide simple and    Debian, Ubuntu, and Fedora Linux operating systems. The
standard ways of reading or writing license information to     LGPL license permits adding it to both open source and
a variety of files.                                            proprietary software.

liblicense is specifically geared towards the desktop          “LicenseChooser.js and liblicense will make open content
application developer who wants to use license information     licensing more valuable for developers, publishers, and
in media files but does not want to implement the low-level    users, by making such content more discoverable and
code themselves. LicenseChooser.js, however, is designed to    manageable” said Mike Linksvayer, Vice President of
be used in web applications such as a media sharing site for   Creative Commons.
users’ pictures or music.
                                                               One prominent project incorporating the use of liblicense
Both of these software packages aim to make the lives of the   in an upcoming release is One Laptop Per Child (OLPC).
developers’ easier. One way in which that is accomplished is   While the OLPC project wiki already uses Creative
that these tools will continue to be updated as new versions   Commons Attribution 3.0 licenses for contributions, Creative
of Creative Commons licenses are released thus moving          Commons has introduced licensing functionality for the XO
the burden from the developer to Creative Commons.             laptops through the development of liblicense and a series
                                                               of patches to be integrated. Once it is installed, it allows
There will be a public demonstration of liblicense at OSCON    software interfacing with media on the device to be content
on July 24th.                                                  license aware. Also, to explain Creative Commons licensing
                                                               and the basics of copyright law, Creative Commons has
Creative Commons Launches Web and Desktop                      created an educational licensing activity that anyone may
License Integration Approach with LicenseChooser.              install onto an OLPC XO laptop. This activity uses the
js and liblicense Projects                                     previously released “Sharing Creative Works” comics.

Creative Commons announced today the release of                For web applications, Creative Commons has developed
liblicense and LicenseChooser.js, content licensing tools      LicenseChooser.js, which allows developers to add
which make integration of Creative Commons license             similar functionality into any web-based project. Creative
functionality easy for developers building modern desktop      Commons already provided an XML-based web services
and web applications. These tools enable reading and           API. LicenseChooser.js provides an additional, lightweight
writing Creative Commons licensing information to a variety    method for integrating license selection into web
of media formats. Many projects already support the ability    applications. The widget is used by SixApart’s TypePad
to read and write content license information through add-     as well as the WordPress plugin WpLicense.
ons, including, Adobe Creative Suite and
Microsoft Office. Other programs, such as the open source      Today, liblicense will be demonstrated at this year’s Open
vector graphics drawing tool Inkscape, include a default       Source Conference (OSCON) in Portland, OR. Integration
capability to read and write CC license information.           with two Open Source applications will be showcased: the
                                                               file viewer Eye of GNOME and media player Rhythmbox.
For the desktop, Creative Commons has updated the C            The presentation will be given by Nathan Yergler, CTO
language-based software library called liblicense. This
Free Software (licensed under GNU LGPL) library provides        Content License Information > 25
Case Studies - The Book!

by Greg Grossmeier
29 July 2008

                                       If you have only been     Endnotes
                                       reading the updates       1
                                       on the international      2
                                       Creative Commons          3
                                       blog (this one) about        Australasian_Commons_book.pdf
                                       the Case Studies          4
                                       project,[1] you have
                                       been missing some
                                       important news.

                                       Creative Commons
                                       Australia,[2]    the
                                       leaders in the Case
                                       Study project, have
                                       just released the
                                       first draft version
                                       of the Case Studies
                                       book pdf: Building
an Australasian Commons.[3] This is one high quality book
that show cases all of the Australian Case Studies. A huge
“Congrats!” goes to Rachel Cobcroft and everyone else who
has put so much time into this project and produced such a
wonderful tool for all to use.

If you like this book enough that you want to print your own
copy, go for it! However, for those of you that will want to
print a large number of these my advice is to wait; there will
be a newer, more finalized version soon which will make
some changes you will want.

Now, go add your own Case Studies to the project wiki[4] so
that the next version might have YOUR case study included!

Original Creative Commons Australia announcement at

                                                                                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

Experts in Norway adapt CC licenses to national law

by Michelle Thorne                                              “To achieve this, we have
5 June 2008                                                     been going through a                    process of adapting the            international license to
                                                                Norwegian          copyright
                                                                legislation. During this
Today the Nordic jurisdictions Denmark,[1] Finland,[2] and      process, we have worked
Sweden[3] are joined by CC Norway[4] in offering Creative       together with community
Commons licenses legally and linguistically adapted to          stakeholders and copyright experts to reach a result that
national law.                                                   both reflects the spirit of Creative Commons and the letter
                                                                of Norwegian copyright law.”
The CC Norway team is headed by Project Leads Gisle
Hannemyr and Peter Lenda, who with Haakon Flage                 The launch event will be held as a press conference at Oslo
Bratsberg, Thomas Gramstad, Tore Hoel, and Vebjørn              University College on June 6th at 10:00 am. The Creative
Søndersrød, coordinated the license porting process[5] with     Commons Norway team will be present and give a brief
Creative Commons International[6] and conducted public          presentation about Creative Commons and the licenses
discussion with local and international legal experts.          translated into Norwegian. The team will also be available
                                                                to answer questions.
The Norwegian licenses,[7] available at Version 3.0,[8]
constitute the forty-sixth localized Creative Commons           Norway is the forty-sixth jurisdiction worldwide to port the
licensing suite.                                                Creative Commons licensing suite.

The launch of the licenses will be celebrated on Friday,        About Oslo University College
June 6th at 10:00am during a press conference at Oslo
University College.[9] For more information, please read our    Oslo University College is a young, dynamic institution
press release[10] in English and Norwegian.                     based on strong traditions. It was established in 1994 when
                                                                the Norwegian college system was restructured and 18
Takk, thank you, and congratulations to CC Norway!              smaller colleges in the Oslo area merged. Oslo University
                                                                College offers the broadest portfolio of professional studies
Experts in Norway adapt CC licenses to national                 available in Norway. OUC is a dynamic institution based
law / Eksperter i Norge tilpasser CC-lisenser til               on strong traditions in professional education and research.
nasjonal lovgivning                                             With 11,000 students, OUC is the fourth largest educational
                                                                institution in Norway. For more information about Oslo
The Creative Commons Norway team has successfully               University College, please visit:
ported the Creative Commons licensing suite to Norwegian        view/full/4563.
law. The localized licenses will be unveiled today at a press
conference at Oslo University College.                          Endnotes
The team responsible for coordinating the porting process       2
and public discussion with local and international legal        3
experts consists of Haakon Flage Bratsberg, Thomas              4
Gramstad, Gisle Hannemyr (Public Project Lead), Tore Hoel,      5
Peter Lenda (Legal Project Lead), and Vebjørn Søndersrød.          porting_process
“We have taken the initiative to launch the Creative            7
Commons licenses in Norway to promote new forms of              8
production, sharing and distribution of creative works,”        9
explains the team’s Public Project Lead, Gisle Hannemyr.        10
Australian Version 3.0 drafts in public discussion

by Michelle Thorne
18 June 2008

In preparation for the Building an Australasian Commons[1]
conference next week, the CC Australia team has released
two ported Version 3.0 license drafts for public discussion:
Attribution (BY)[2] and Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike        “ccauv3.0-feedback” © 2008. Creative Commons Australia. Some
(BY-NC-SA).[3]                                                      Rights Reserved. This work is licensed under CC BY 2.5 Australia
                                                                    License. (
CC Australia is focusing the discussion on these two
particular licenses because they are 1) the simplest license        This includes another neat idea:
(BY) and 2) the most complex (BY-NC-SA). These two licenses
also contain almost all the relevant legal language from the           The main feature is a series of lists that set out clearly
remaining four licenses (BY-SA, BY-NC, BY-ND, BY-NC-ND).               what users can do, what they can’t do, and what they
                                                                       must do. Other than that, they contain the same basic
CC Australia has done a magnificent job in explaining[4]               statements as to disclaimers, warranties and introductory
their approach to Version 3.0[5] and highlighting some key             materials that are included in all the CC licences.
revisions (see also)[6]:
                                                                    As did the other jurisdictions who have implemented Version
   Rather than writing the licences as a straight translation       3.0, CC Australia is working hard to ensure that their ported
   from the Unported[7] (ie non-country specific) licences          licenses align with the Unported licenses. One notable
   provided by Creative Commons International,[8] we’ve             exception affects the strict requirement to include a URL link
   instead decided to base them on the excellent licences[9]        to the respective CC license every time a work is used. CC
   produced last year by our friends in New Zealand,[10]            Australia explains the change:
   which they in turn based on the England and Wales[11]
   licences. The great thing about these licences is that they’re      We’ve followed the UK and NZ example by loosening
   written in plain English rather than legalese - which means         this up a bit, to allow you to provide this reference to
   they’re much easier for non-lawyers to understand.                  the licence in any manner reasonable to the medium you
                                                                       are working in. This ensures, for example, that someone
There have also been some modifications to improve the                 playing a song on their radio station can attribute the CC
readability of the licenses:                                           licence just by mentioning it, and perhaps providing a link
                                                                       on the station’s website, without breaching the licence.
   We’re also adding some clarifying language on the                   You could arguably do this under the Unported licence
   licensing of derivative works to the BY and BY-NC                   too, but we wanted to make it clear.
   (Attribution-Noncommercial) licences which isn’t in either
   the Unported licences or the New Zealand licences - so           The community is discussing these issues and more on CC
   we wanted to see what people thought about this.                 Australia’s mailing list.[12] Come join the conversation!

   Like the New Zealand and UK licences we are basing
   the new Australian licences on, our v3.0 licences are
   very simply drafted. A lot of the language is drawn
   directly from the Unported licences, however it has been
   simplified and rearranged to make it easier to understand
   and follow.
                                                                     Australian Version 3.0 > 25

                                                                                     CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

Singapore proudly celebrates the launch of the localized Creative
Commons Licenses

by Patricia Escalera                                            The panel will, in addition,
25 July 2008                                                    explain the aims and                    philosophy of the Creative
                                                                Commons initiative and
                                                                the specific nature and
                                                                uses of the Creative
We are delighted to announce the successful localization        Commons licensing suite
of the Creative Commons licenses in Singapore,[1] the           in Singapore. Stanford
47th worldwide to do so. The CC Singapore team, led by          law professor and Creative Commons founder Lawrence
Associate Professor Samtani Anil and Assistant Professor        Lessig will address the audience to commemorate the
Giorgios Cheliotis, has worked under the auspices of the        completion of the licenses.
Centre for Asia Pacific Technology Law & Policy (CAPTEL)[2]
and in collaboration with Creative Commons International        Following the event, the CC Singapore team hopes to initiate
to port the licenses to Singaporean law.                        a series of educational talks to explain the philosophy of
                                                                Creative Commons and the practical ways in which users
The launch event will be celebrated on Sunday, July 27,         can implement the licenses.
at the International Symposium on Electronic Art.[3] The
ceremony will be followed by several panels organized by        Project Lead Samtani Anil adds, “We also believe the
CATPEL and Creative Commons Singapore on copyright              launch of the Singapore CC licenses will lead to a better
issues in digital media and a keynote address from              appreciation of the ambit, contours, and limits of the
Professor Lawrence Lessig. For more information we invite       existing copyright regime in Singapore in relation to the
you to read our press release.[4]                               sharing and dissemination of culture and the advancement
                                                                of innovation. This, we believe, will sensitize various
Congratulations, CC Singapore!                                  stakeholders to the avenues that are open to them to share
                                                                their works in accordance with their wishes and needs.”
Singapore Announces Ported Creative
Commons Licenses                                                The CC Singapore team is supported by team members
                                                                Assistant Professor Warren Chik, Vinod Sabnani, Tham Kok
Today Creative Commons Singapore announces the                  Leong, Lam Chung Nian, Harish Pillay and Ankit Guglani.
completion of the locally ported Creative Commons licensing
suite. In close collaboration with Centre for Asia Pacific      About Centre for Asia Pacific Technology Law & Policy
Technology Law & Policy (CAPTEL), the Creative Commons
team in Singapore, led by Associate Professor Samtani           The Centre for Asia Pacific Technology Law & Policy
Anil and Assistant Professor Giorgos Cheliotis, adapted         (CAPTEL) is a research center founded to investigate and
the licenses both linguistically and legally to Singaporean     research issues on how businesses and economies are being
national law. The Creative Commons licenses, now ported         affected by the challenges of new technologies on law,
to 47 jurisdictions, enable authors, artists, scientists, and   regulation and policy. CAPTEL is located at the Nanyang
educators the choice of a flexible range of protections and     Business School, Nanyang Technological University. Please
freedoms in efforts to promote a voluntary “some rights         visit for more information.
reserved” approach to copyright.

The Singaporean Creative Commons licenses, available            Endnotes
soon online, will be celebrated today in Singapore City         1
at the International Symposium on Electronic Art. The           2
event will also feature a panel, organized by CAPTEL and        3
Creative Commons Singapore, to introduce the audience to        4
key copyright issues in the digital age and also share tips
for creators and users to avoid common pitfalls in the field
of copyright law.
Science Commons
Announcing the Health Commons

by Kaitlin Thaney                                                          efficiently, by providing better access to the resources
12 June 2008                                                               that large pharmaceutical companies assemble and                               integrate “in house.” To do this, Health Commons will
                                                                           facilitate the emergence of a “virtual marketplace,” or
                                                                           ecosystem, through which participants can more easily
                                                                           access the data, knowledge, materials and services for
Over on the Science Commons blog,[1] Donna Wentworth[2]                    accelerating research.
                                                                           The components might include databases of the results
   People make chairs more productively, hamburgers more                   of chemical assays, toxicity screens and clinical trials;
   productively, cars more productively, everything else in                libraries of drugs and chemical compounds; repositories
   the world except medicines. — Aled Edwards, Director                    of biological materials (tissue samples, cell lines,
   and CEO of the Structural Genomics Consortium[3] (via                   molecules); computational models predicting drug
   CBC News Canada)                                                        efficacies or side effects; and contract services for high-
                                                                           throughput genomics and proteomics, combinatorial
   The drug discovery process is badly broken. Despite the                 drug screening, animal testing and biostatistics.
   scientific and technological advances that make genetic
   decoding commonplace, the time it takes to go from gene                 “The resources offered through the [Health] Commons
   target to cure still stands at 17 years.                                might not necessarily be free, though many could be,”
                                                                           explains Wilbanks. “However, all would be available under
   Science Commons’ mission is to speed the translation of                 standard pre-negotiated terms and conditions and with
   basic research to useful discoveries, and we believe that               standardized data formats that eliminate the debilitating
   a new approach is necessary to find more cures, faster.                 delays, legal wrangling and technical incompatibilities
   Today, we’re opening up the Health Commons,[4] a project                that frustrate scientific collaboration today.”
   aimed at bringing the same efficiencies to human health
   that the network brought to commerce and culture.                       Science Commons welcomes your interest in the Health
                                                                           Commons. If you’d like to collaborate with us to accelerate
   The project, founded by Science Commons in                              drug discovery, we encourage you to contact us.[9]
   collaboration with CommerceNet,[5] CollabRx[6] and
   the Public Library of Science (PLoS),[7] is introduced in
   a 6-minute video presentation and white paper posted                 Endnotes
   on the Science Commons website. The paper, Health                    1
   Commons: Therapy Development in a Networked                          2
   World [PDF],[8] is co-authored by John Wilbanks, Vice                3
   President of Science at Creative Commons, and Marty                     drugresearch.html
   Tenenbaum, an Internet commerce pioneer and founder                  4
   of CommerceNet and CollabRx.                                         5
   “Biomedical knowledge is exploding, and yet the system to            7
   capture that knowledge and translate it into saving human            8
   lives still relies on an antiquated and risky strategy of focusing
   the vast resources of a few pharmaceutical companies on
   just a handful of disease targets,” explains Wilbanks in the
   project introduction.

   The Health Commons proposes a different approach:
   enabling more companies, foundations, laboratories or
   even individuals to conduct research on disease targets

                                                                                        CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

Digital Research Tools (DiRT)                                    Agrega, the New Educational
Wiki Launched                                                    Digital Object Platform

by Jane Park                                                     by Jane Park
6 June 2008                                                      19 June 2008           

Thanks to The Wired Campus,[1] I recently stumbled across        Agrega,[1] a new educational initiative promoting internet in
this[2] new wiki whilst looking for a visualization tool for a   the classroom, is a collaborative effort on the part of the
ccLearn research project. The new wiki is called Digital         Spanish Ministry of Education, Social Politics and Sports,
Research Tools, also known as DiRT. DiRT is edited by a team, the Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Commerce,
of librarians from Rice University’s Digital Media Center and    and the Autonomous Communities and Autonomous Cities of
Sam Houston State University’s Newton Gresham library.           Spain (CC.AA). Agrega[2] is Spain’s new educational digital
Basically, DiRT reviews the myriad research tools available      object platform, “which consists of a central repository and
for free (and some for profit) on the internet in a human-       other autonomous repositories which have educational
readable way, so that “professors, students, think-tankers,      content for non-university level centres.” Its emphasis is
corporate intelligence gatherers, and other inquisitive folks    on content creation and development for primary and
[can] do their work better.” These “snapshot reviews” are        secondary educators by providing a space where various
immensely helpful for even seasoned researchers, since the       digital content of Spain’s Civil Service and the private sector
web is always popping up with new open source tools. To          are joined. One way of “commonizing” the content is to
see a list of tools in DiRT’s queue and to add your own, check   catalogue it under common criteria and thereafter to share
out their[3] page.                                   these cataloguing efforts in Agrega. This will serve to expand
                                                                 the pool of online educational content available to Spanish
So far, the reviews cover tools that allow you to analyze        educators and students, particularly in the fields of finance
texts, author interactive works, collect and visualize data,     education and teacher training. The website offers engaging
conduct linguistic research, and more. All current and future    tutorials on how to search for, download and view content
reviews are licensed CC BY.[4]                                   on Agrega, in addition to a content catalog.[3]

                                                                 The digital educational materials in Agrega can be used and
Endnotes                                                         adapted according to CC BY-NC-SA.
   source=wc&utm_medium=en                                       [The above can also be read] in Spanish, thanks to ccLearn
2                        intern Grace Armstrong.[4]
                                                                 4 See original post:
5 0 M illi o n t h V i e w                                of       ccLearn   (bi)monthly                        update          -
TEDTalks                                                           July 18, 2008

by Jane Park                                                       by Ahrash Bissell
26 June 2008                                                       18 July 2008             

Today TED announced[1] the 50 millionth view of a TED talk,        June slipped by before we knew what was happening, so
marking its success since it first launched online two years ago   this is a two-month update. These past two months have
in June of 2006. TED[2] stands for Technology, Entertainment,      seen ccLearn giving a presentation at CSU Sacramento
Design—and it features talks by various speakers from Bill         relating open education and universal design,[1] attending
Clinton to Bono. However, the most viewed talks are actually       the first CC tech summit,[2] and plowing along on the various
given by persons previously unknown. They are ideas                projects already underway. Also, we welcomed a summer
“flying on [their] own merit[s]“, says the executive producer      intern, Grace Armstrong,[3] who is coordinating with CCi[4]
of TED media according to TEDBlog.[3] Almost half of TED’s         and open education leaders in Latin America and beyond
audience comes from outside the U.S., establishing TEDTalks        on holding meetings and identifying promising collaborative
as a global presence. TED Curator Chris Anderson says,             opportunities. More on this later this summer.

“TED’s mission is to spread ideas, and we’re now doing             We have also released a great mapping tool for identifying
that on a scale that was unimaginable two years ago.               upcoming open educational events, now found on ccLearn’s
It’s clear there’s an appetite out there for big ideas and         home page.[5] What is unique about this tool is that the data
meaningful stories.”                                               are derived from a wiki-table,[6] and anyone can contribute
                                                                   or edit event info. We encourage you to add any events
Check out the Top 10 TEDTalks[4] of all time; you’ll be            relevant to open education that you may be aware of. We
surprised by the speakers and their subjects, with number          intend to re-purpose this tool for other mapping exercises
one titled, “My stroke of insight,” by neuroanatomist Jill Bolte   as well, and since it is open source, like everything Creative
Taylor. And while you’re at it, check out Richard Baraniuk’s       Commons builds, you can also use it for your own mapping
“Goodbye, textbooks; hello, open-source learning,”[5] a            needs. One idea that has already been discussed is
talk by the founder of Connexions,[6] a leading educational        “mapping the open educational space” at the upcoming
platform in the OER movement.                                      iSummit.[7] This exercise could take many forms, and the
                                                                   open, collaborative nature of the wiki allows for a lot of
All TED talks are licensed[7] under the Creative Commons           creativity in how the map takes shape.
license CC BY-NC-ND.[8]
                                                                   Look for other developments and research projects to come
                                                                   to fruition in the coming month. The days are getting shorter
Endnotes                                                           here in the Northern Hemisphere, but the fire season has
1                  just begun.
4                  Endnotes
5          1
   open_source_learning.html                                          design-29-may-2008
6                                                  2
7                            Technology_Summit_2008-06-18
8                3

                                                                                    CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

CC Points of Interest
Google Code adds content                                      licensing;          Google Knol                    launches
with CC BY default

by Mike Linksvayer                                                  As prior to its launch Knol was often speculatively compared
23 July 2008                                                        to Wikipedia, it should be noted that the default Knol license                        (CC BY) could permit using Knol content in Wikipedia (with
                                                                    attribution of course), but knols under more restrictive options
                                                                    could not be incorporated into Wikipedia. On the other
A Google twofer for Creative Commons today!                         hand Wikipedia content could not be incorporated into
                                                                    knols (except in the case of fair use of course), even in the
Google Knol[1] opened today, intended to be a platform              case Wikipedia migrates to CC BY-SA[8] — Knol doesn’t offer
for authoritative articles about specific topics, also known        a copyleft license.
as knols, by a created single author or collaboratively. The
default license for a new knol is CC Attribution.[2] A creator      The two CC licenses offered by Google Code are those
can also choose CC Attribution-NonCommercial[3] or All              that are in the spirit of free and open source software,[9]
Rights Reserved.                                                    befitting Google Code’s user base — free and open source
                                                                    software developers.
Separately, Google Code added an option[4] for software
projects to specify a separate license for content associated
with a software project — CC Attribution or CC Attribution-         Endnotes
ShareAlike.[5] This does not change Google Code’s selection         1
of free and open source software licenses[6] for source code.       2
(Note: Creative Commons also recommends[7] and uses free            3
and open source software licenses such as the GNU GPL for           4
source code.)                                                          introducing-content-licenses-on-google.html
It’s really great to see both Google Knol and Google Code           6
launching with and launching support for CC licensing on the
same day, and interesting how their choice of licenses to offer        Creative_Commons_license_for_software.3F
differs. Knol defaults to the most liberal CC license, but allows   8
authors to choose a more restrictive (NonCommercial) license,       9
or even the most restrictive option — no public license.

LibriVox: 1500 public domain audio books
by Mike Linksvayer                                                  LibriVox founder Hugh McGuire recently posted an
2 June 2008                                                         explanation of why LibriVox audio books are dedicated to the                        public domain rather than released under a CC license:[5]

                                                                       So LibriVox is a small beacon of light in this policy
Seven months ago we noted that LibriVox released their                 question, slowly adding to the public domain while all
1,000th public domain audio book.[1] Now they’ve reached               around the public domain is shrinking. this is important in
1,500.[2] That’s over 70 audio books released each month,              some broad sense beyond anything particular we do at
and things are picking up — they released 115 in May.                  librivox. at least I think it is.

Check out LibriVox,[3] perhaps the most interesting                 The whole essay is well worth reading.
collaborative culture project this side of Wikipedia — and
everything on LibriVox is in the public domain,[4] free for any
use, without restriction.
                                                                     LibriVox: 1500 public domain audio books > 25
CC Points of Interest
The Onion’s AV Club talks                                           Doctorow: First CC-Licensed
CC Publishing with Cory                                             Work on NYT Best Sellers
Doctorow                                                            List/New Graphic Novel
by Fred Benenson                                                    by Cameron Parkins
12 June 2008                                                        10 June 2008              

In a provocative interview with Cory Doctorow about his             Hyper awesome super CC-evangelist Cory Doctorow[1] has
new book Little Brother, the non-satirical[1] Onion A.V.[2] club    had two great bits of news pop up in the past couple days,
investigates the blogger cum sci-fi author’s motivations and        with the first being that his new novel, Little Brother[2] (CC BY-
strategies for convincing his publisher to simultaneously           NC-SA[3]) has entered its 4th week on the New York Times
release his young adult book under CC and hardcover:                Bestseller List![4] A huge accomplishment in its own right, we
                                                                    are especially excited as this is the first case of a CC-licensed
   AVC: Was the Creative Commons release strategy a hard            novel entering the list, let alone staying there for 4 weeks.
   sell with Tor that first time out?                               Per usual, you can download the novel in PDF form.[5]

   CD: No, it was totally trivial, in fact. I lucked out in two     In other Doctorow/CC news, Cory Doctorow’s Futuristic
   respects. My editor at Tor, Patrick Nielsen Hayden, is           Tales of the Here and Now, “[6] a six-edition series of comics
   super-geeky. We met on a BBS in the ’80s, and he runs            adapted from [his] short stories by an incredibly talented crew
   his own Linux boxes; it just made a lot of sense for him.        of writers, artists, inkers and letterers” was recently released
   Furthermore, he’s also the senior editor at Tor, he runs the     under a CC BY-NC-SA license, meaning you can mix it up as
   science-fiction and fantasy line at Tor, so he kind of doesn’t   you see fit (get the PDF[7]) provided it is on a noncommercial
   have to ask anyone when he wants to do this stuff.               basis. Congrats to Cory on both accomplishments!

   Tom Doherty and Patrick both looked at this and said,            1
   “You know, electronic books represent the worst ratio of         2
   hours spent in meetings to dollars generated in income of        3
   anything we’ve ever tried at this press. Here’s something        4
   that’s relatively free — all we need to do is give it away,         html
   and we can see what people want to do with it. And if it         5
   works, great. And if it doesn’t work, well, we’ve learned.       6
   And if it’s inconclusive, we can try more, because we’re
   a big press, we’ve got lots and lots of books, and we               CoryDoctorowsFuturisticTalesOfTheHereAndNow
   can try lots of different things.” [emphasis added] And if
   it’s going to work for anyone, it’s going to work for me,
   because I’ve got such a good online presence. And you
   can see that they’re now trying this with writers who have
   a less prominent online presence, and they’re finding that
   by and large, it’s working pretty well for them.

to read full interview.


                                                                                     CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
                                     CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

CC Points of Interest
George Eastman House,                                               VIA’s OpenBook Project Takes
Bibliothèque de Toulouse Join                                       Off, Wins International
Flickr Commons                                                      Award
by Cameron Parkins                                                  by Tim Hwang
21 July 2008                                                        24 June 2008              
| No known copyright restrictions.
Dans les jardins de Monte-Carlo

                                                                    Big news coming out this month on VIA’s OpenBook mini-
                                                                    notebook computer[1] project which incorporates an “open
Two more amazing photo collections have been added to               design” approach that makes the CAD design plans for the
the continuously growing Flickr Commons,[1] one coming              device available to the public under the permissive terms
from the George Eastman House[2] and the other from                 of a Creative Commons BY SA license.[2] The project invites
La Bibliothèque de Toulouse.[3] Both groups’ photostreams are       customers to innovate and solicits suggestions from users on
absolutely amazing to pour over, offering stunning images           future iterations of the laptop. To spur involvement, they’ve
from the turn of the century that are all released in the public    even recently released a video[3] that opens the laptop up
domain. Again, in case you have missed any of our other             and showcases the electronic guts that enable OpenBook’s
posts[4] on the Flickr Commons, some info below:                    users the flexibility to add modules and choose openly
                                                                    between wireless options.[4]
         The key goals of The Commons are to firstly give you
         a taste of the hidden treasures in the world’s public      Happy to announce that since we first reported on the laptop’s
         photography archives, and secondly to show how your        debut in May,[5] the project has taken off. Engadget[6] recently
         input and knowledge can help make these collections even   reviewed the product, writing simply that the OpenBook
         richer. You’re invited to help describe the photographs    made “that Macbook Air look positively last century.” And,
         you discover in The Commons on Flickr, either by adding    this month, before an international jury of design experts at
         tags or leaving comments                                   this years Taipei Computex,[7] the VIA OpenBook has taken
                                                                    home the Gold Award for Design and Innovation[8] for 2008.
The rest of the institutions[5] on the Flickr Commons have all      Congratulations guys!
recently added new photos as well, increasing the worth of
an already phenomenal resource.
Endnotes                                                            2
1                                         3
2                    4
3                  5
4                      6
5; http://flickr.         7
   com/photos/library_of_congress/;       8
   smithsonian/;           jsp?press_release_no=2389
CC Points of Interest

From Open Software to Open Music

by Greg Grossmeier
11 June 2008

Jono Bacon, the Community Manager for Ubuntu[1] and full-              “I think the key ingredient here is assembling a group
time metal head, recently announced a new musical project             of people who have a shared ethos — this is what we
he is undertaking, SeveredFifth.                                      do in Free Software, and this is what I am doing with
                                                                      Severed Fifth — it’s incredible what is possible when the
SeveredFifth is Jono’s new music project with the aims of             right minds come together.”
seeing how far one musician can take the concept of Free (as
in Freedom) music. Jono:                                           I encourage everyone who has a musical taste which leans
                                                                   towards metal to head on over to SeveredFifth[3] and sign up
   “Severed Fifth is really here to ask questions — both           for the newsletter[4] and join the discussion;[5] great things are
   musically, and in terms of the new music economy.”              sure to happen.

To accomplish this goal he is releasing his first album
under the name SeveredFifth using a Creative Commons               Endnotes
Attribution ShareAlike[2] license. This license is easy to         1
understand to any member of the Open Source Software               2
persuasion (the group with which Jono is currently most            3
active); you are free to make copies, redistribute, or modify      4
it as long as you cite correct attribution and keep it under       5
the same license. Jono:

   “I chose that license because I wanted to secure some
   key rights for listeners of my music - rights that I feel are
   important as a listener. I think the choice of license is key
   to the aims of the project.”

Because Jono is empowering his fan base with the use of the
CC Licenses, the community of listeners which form around
the music are the ones who will improve the project the most.
The initial work of creating publicity materials such as the
website and photography has been done by some of Jono’s
friends, but without the contributions of community members
the project can not succeed.

                                                                                     CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

CC Points of Interest
The Smithsonian Joins Flickr: The Commons

by Cameron Parkins
20 June 2008

The Smithsonian[1] has joined the Library of Congress,[2]
the Powerhouse Museum,[3] and the Brooklyn Museum[4]
in releasing numerous (over 850 from the Smithsonian
alone) photos from their archives online - free of copyright
restrictions - to The Commons on Flickr.[5] There are
some absolutely stunning photographs available in high-
resolution, ranging from portraits of artists, scientists, and
inventors to photos of everyday people and places. Some
info on The Commons below:

   The key goals of The Commons are to firstly give you             Portrait of Albert Einstein and Others (1879-1955), Physicist |
   a taste of the hidden treasures in the world’s public   No known
   photography archives, and secondly to show how your              copyright restrictions. (
   input and knowledge can help make these collections even
   richer. You’re invited to help describe the photographs
   you discover in The Commons on Flickr, either by adding
   tags or leaving comments

In similar news, a wonderful new group, Free Use Photos,[6]
has been created as a means for Flickr users to post copyright-
free photos. In lieu of a formal way for users to indicate public
domain status for their photos, the creators of the group have
decided to post information regarding CC0[7] in conjunction
with clear language waiving copyright to make clear that all
photos posted to the group “are available for use by anyone”
with “no need to give credit or to fear rights infringement.”

CC Points of Interest
The Spirit of Sharing in Jordan

by Cameron Parkins                                                  able to build on others’ work in a fair manner,” Simpson
16 June 2008                                                        told The Jordan Times [...] “The whole concept passes                        on the spirit of sharing, which in a creative community is
                                                                    important to do,” she said, adding that legally allowing
                                                                    creative collaboration would curb intellectual property
                                                                    rights violations.
Jordan has long been a geographical area where Creative
Commons has looked to expand (you can read about our             The article also touches on the amazing work of Abu-
Jordan-specific jurisdiction work at http://creativecommons.     Ghazaleh Intellectual Property[3] who we have been working
org/international/jo/) - as such, recent news[1] about the       with in an effort to port CC licences to Jordan and the rest
promotion of CC, the public domain, and an increased spirit      of the Arab world.
of sharing in Jordan is inspiring.

Two UK artists, Eileen Simpson and Ben White of the Open         Endnotes
Music Archive,[2] have been traveling throughout Jordan for      1
the past 6 months, advocating for the establishment of a ‘CC        212528636&welcome=1212536690 &welcome=1212631647
Jordan’ as a means for local artists to “freely collaborate      2
without harsh licensing restrictions”. To Simpson and White,     3
CC licences would act as a means to promote authors,
artists, filmmakers, and musicians across the country with
Simpson stating, “If we weren’t allowed to refer back to
previous works, to walk down the path of others, we would
just be lost, and the creative community will be stifled.”
From TechNewsWorld:

   In an effort to highlight the importance of a diverse
   and vibrant public domain, Simpson and White spent
   the last six months attempting to sample old Jordanian
   films and musical works whose copyrights have expired,
   an experiment to work within restrictions imposed by
   international and local trademark and copyright laws.


   Unable to find archived material that is now completely
   accessible in the public domain, they turned to the Jordan
   Academy of Music, which collected folk songs from the
   Kingdom for the 2002 celebration of Amman as Arab
   Cultural Capital. As the recordings are from the shared
   community and have no accredited author, the folk songs
   are a part of the public domain and therefore are not
   owned or controlled by anyone and are considered as
   “public property.”

   Simpson and White plan on taking the songs and
   remixing them with local artists, updating the ballads
   and encouraging artists to explore the music further.
   “We all build on the creativity of others, and we should be

                                                                                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

CC Points of Interest
CASH Music

by Cameron Parkins                                                   Really, we’re trying to
29 July 2008                                                         show that remixing and                         sharing aren’t the only
                                                                     ways to get involved with
                                                                     music. It’s been so rewarding seeing the remixes generated
                                                                     at CASH, ccMixter, and in the wild; but I’ve also been
CASH Music,[1] an acronym for ‘Coalition of Artists and              thrilled to see people downloading and spending time with
Stakeholders’, has been an impressive member of the CC               Adam Gnade’s Hymn California novel or flooding Jamie
community since they debuted late last year.[2] Part music           from Xiu Xiu with requests for haiku. People are forming
label, part creative community, CASH Music has major plans           real bonds with the music, the artists, and the communities
to change the landscape of contemporary artistic output with         they’re building around the releases. Music has always been
a particular focus on the dialogue between content creators          a highly participatory art form — and we’re trying to harness
and consumers. They already have some amazing projects[3]            that in new ways.
out under their moniker and with more on the way, we
decided to catch up with CASH Music partner Jesse Von                At CASH artists have been releasing full mix stems for
Doom to learn more about CASH’s goals, their business                remixing, tracks with community-added vocals, sheet music,
model, and what they have in store for the future.                   writing that’s tied to the music — things that get an audience
                                                                     directly involved with the art. There are also elements
Can you give our readers some background on                          of enhancing a release to the public. There are videos,
CASH Music? How did it begin? Who is involved? On                    interviews, photos, ebooks, and lyric sheets. Donita Sparks
a broad level, what are you trying to accomplish?                    even opened up percentages of licensing for a track off her
                                                                     last album. Listeners could buy shares in a song, letting them
CASH is an acronym for Coalition of Artists and Stake                participate in the profits from any TV or film licensing.
Holders. The name was chosen to reflect the goals and the
people involved. The idea was born in a simple conversation          The idea is that artists are exploring new ways to bring
between Kristin Hersh and Donita Sparks about achieving              their music to an audience, with the ultimate goal being to
sustainability in the currently volatile music world. Their          strengthen both sides of that exchange.
managers, Billy O’Connell and Robert Fagan respectively,
continued the conversation and became the first two                  Can you discuss CASH’s business model? There
partners in what would be CASH. At the time I was running            seems to be a combination between giving away
a graphic and web design firm with my business partner,              things for free, selling collector goods, and asking
Jack McKenna. A few business connections and friends-in-             for donations. How did you come up with this
common later, Jack and I started working for CASH and                combination? How well has it worked so far?
quickly became partners ourselves.
                                                                     That’s a fair summary of what’s up there now, but it’s more
Since then we’ve won the support of seasoned advisors,               of an interim solution than a true business model. We’re
organizations like Creative Commons, and some talented               committed to the idea of sustainability, both for the artists
artists. But it still goes back to that first conversation between   involved and for ourselves. That means finding the best
Kristin and Donita. We’re trying to help find healthy                model for each artist and helping them to move forward in
sustainability for artists while giving listeners more of a stake    that direction. When you see an artist offering a subscription,
in the music for a new and better experience.                        it’s because that’s what fits with their career, rather than it
                                                                     being something we’ve shoehorned them into. So our long-
CASH is unsurprisingly identified with music. With                   term model is based on the idea that if an artist succeeds at
that said, you have been working on a variety of                     his or her goals, then we succeed.
projects that don’t have musical components. Why
is that?                                                             But to answer more directly, I’d say I’m very pleased so
                                                                     far. We’ve had over 4.5 million downloads, over 100,000
                                                                     visitors, and hundreds of subscribers from all over the world.
                                                                         Kristin Hersh doing vocals[4] for a Xiu Xiu track.[5]
                                                                         This went basically unnoticed and I sort of love that.
                                                                         It was a gem hidden in plain sight, and something I could
                                                                         never see happening otherwise.

                                                                         Lucas Gonze taking Deerhoof sheet music[6] and cranking
                                                                         out midi and all sorts of helpful files.[7] This is a great
photo by Taryn James                                                     example. Deerhoof have released their first single off an
CC BY (                      upcoming album as sheet music, with the plea that artists
                                                                         record their own versions and submit them back to CASH.
Virtually everything you see on the CASH Music site right                We’ve gotten some great examples of exactly that, but
now wouldn’t be possible without the support we’ve received              Lucas took the sheet music and created files that open
from artists and their listeners. Our first project went live eight      up potential involvement to a much larger community. It
months ago, and we’ve been able to work on CASH for the                  was unexpected, impossible without CC licensing, and its
better part of a year as a self-funded endeavor. While not all           proving an invaluable asset to the project.
our projects involve commerce, the ones that do have made
significant impact for the artists involved.                          In just skimming over the projects listed on CASH
                                                                      Music’s front page it is immediately obvious that
We’ve been especially happy to see people donating to                 CASH focuses on unique and engaging projects.
artists. From the very beginning we were determined to                Can you give us a hint of what may be coming in
provide direct access to music without placing artificial             the future?
gateways in front of it. There are obvious questions about
whether people would balk at giving money to an artist                You can certainly count on more projects and more artist
for content they could download for free, but we’ve seen              involvement. We’ll continue on in this invitation-only, highly
numerous examples of people trying music and donating                 custom way for a while; but there will be a greater role for
what they feel is a fair price. This is a pretty big deal to          the public with each new project. Ultimately we’re working
me. An artist spends time writing the music and money is              towards a fully open-sourced, hosted platform that is
spent on studio time, all to put out the best possible music.         available to all, and more details on that are forthcoming.
I like to think that people are genuinely considering all that,       We’re doing our best to be as open as possible, so fairly
recognizing the effort, and helping it to continue.                   regular updates can be expected. In the coming months
                                                                      you’ll see new names, new ideas, and plenty of new music.
In every CASH project there is some level of CC
licensing, be it large or small. Why did you decide
to use CC licenses with CASH Music projects?                          Endnotes
The real question is how could we have done it without                2
Creative Commons. CC Licensing simplifies the process of              3; http://
community interaction, it pre-clears music for podcasting and  ; http://
sharing, and it lets the artist define what use of their work
they see as fair while retaining their copyright and whatever            AngelOfTheBattlefield.mp3
level of commercial rights they choose to keep. I feel that the       5
entire music industry, independents and majors, should be             6
using Creative Commons licenses for shared music.                     7

Have you seen any interesting cases of reuse as a
result of using CC licenses?

Absolutely! There are two that jump to mind right away:

                                                                                      CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
                 CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

CC Points of Interest
Gilberto Gil on Democracy Now

by Cameron Parkins
25 June 2008

Today’s Democracy Now! episode[1]
features an extensive interview with
CC advocate and Brazilian Minister of
Culture Gilberto Gil[2] in which he speaks
at length abou his experiences with CC
licensing in regards to culture, medicine,
and the process of “democratizing the
distribution of intellectual property rights”.
You can read or watch the interview

   Yeah. The author laws, the author
   rights, I mean, they belong to—the
   way they are set and the laws are
   written and applied and everything,
   that all belongs to a previous period,
   you know, previous time, an analog,
   so to speak, an analog time. Now,
   the digital area, the digital era enable
                                               Joi Ito. ( “Gilberto Gil” ( CC
   us to extend and expand cultural BY 2.0 (
   products and cultural goods and
   cultural possibilities to a level that we —
   we have to also rewrite and reshape the legal framework                Endnotes
   and the regulatory framework, so that it can adjust to                 1
   the new possibilities. That’s what Creative Commons is                    prisoner_to_cabinet_minister
   about, bringing possibilities to manage their own work,                2
   you know, to the creators, so that the songwriters, the                3
   theater play writers, the book writers, and so and so, can             4
   have the possibilities to manage their own work and say                5
   — and determine what their work will serve for.

Gil goes on to discuss his decision to CC license his music,
the experience of bringing CC to Brazil with the help of CC
founder Lawrence Lessig,[3] and his opinions in general about
culture and creativity in a digital age. A great interview that is
free to share through Democracy Now!’s decision to release
all their original content under a CC BY-NC-ND license.[4]

UPDATE: Gil is also currently on tour,[5] with upcoming dates
across the United States and Europe.
                                                               an advanced degree in French and French History from
 5 < Esther Wojcicki
                                                               the Sorbonne, Paris, a Secondary School Administrative
Commission Teacher of the Year in 2002. She served on the      Credential from San Jose State University, and a M.A. in
University of California Office of the President Curriculum    Educational Technology from San Jose State University. She
Committee where she helped revise the beginning and            has also worked as a professional journalist for multiple
advanced journalism curriculum for the state of California.    publications and now blogs regularly for HuffingtonPost[1]
In 2005–6 she worked as the Google educational consultant      and HotChalk.[2]
and helped design the Google Teacher Outreach program,
which includes the website and
the Google Teacher Academy. She holds a B.A. degree
from UC Berkeley in English and Political Science, a general
secondary teaching credential from UC Berkeley, a graduate
degree from the Graduate School of Journalism at Berkeley,

 8 < Content License Information

of Creative Commons, and Asheesh Laroia, Software              Creative Commons Sharing Creative Works Public Domain
Engineer, on Thursday July 24th in room F150.                  Released Comics
Desktop Integration Software: liblicense

OSCON “Rights on the Desktop with liblicense”

Web Integration Software: LicenseChooser.js

OLPC Creative Commons Page

 11 < Australian Version 3.0                                    16 < LibriVox: 1500 public domain audio books

Endnotes                                                       Endnotes
1            1
2           2
   June_08_draft.pdf                                           3
3         4
   Aus_June_08_draft.pdf                                       5
4                           not-creative-commons/

                                                                                CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8
               CC Newsletter - Issue No. 8

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Foundation, and The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation,
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Creative Commons newsletters are also posted to the CC
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                            Cover: “Traced.” © 2008. Lairaja. Some Rights Reserved. Except when otherwise noted, this work is licensed
                            under This remixed image incorporates Joi Ito’s
                            (“tiles” and elements derived from the works of Michael Schamis
                            (“Constantine Maroulis of The Wedding Singer”,
                            Pedro Simões (“Street Painter”, dbking (“US Supreme
                            Court”, and Joi Ito (“Alexandre”
                            joi/2723077409/, “The amazing video duo”, “Thomas the
                            Guitar Hero”, and “Michelle Thorne”
                            joi/559566738/), All under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 licenses.

                            This newsletter is licensed under
                            — please share and remix!