DOKK / manpages / debian 12 / fgetty / fgetty.8.en
FGETTY(8) System Administrator's Manual FGETTY(8)

fgetty - a small getty for linux

fgetty tty [--noclear] [--long-hostname]

The command fgetty is normally invoked by init(8), opens a tty port, prompts for a login name and invokes the /bin/login command.

--noclear makes fgetty not clear the screen before displaying the login prompt.

--long-hostname makes fgetty display the full hostname in the login prompt.

/etc/issue printed before the login prompt
/etc/inittab init(8) configuration file
/var/run/utmp the system status file

The issue-file (/etc/issue or the file may contain certain escape codes to display the system name, date and time etc. All escape codes consist of a backslash (\) immediately followed by one of the letters explained below.

the current date. (eg: 2002-01-19)
the system name, the name of the operating system. (eg: Linux)
the name of the current tty line. (eg: tty3)
the architecture identifier of the machine (eg: i586)
the nodename of the machine, also known as the hostname. (eg: sirius)
the domainname of the machine. (eg: (none))
the release number of the OS. (eg: 2.4.3-i)
the current time. (eg: 14:51:51)
the number of current users logged in. (eg: 4)
the string "1 user" or "<n> users", where <n> is the number of current users logged in. (eg: 4 users)
Insert the version of the OS. (eg: #2 Fre Jan 18 23:05:45 CET 2002)

HOST is set to your hostname
TERM is set to linux
TTY is set to the current tty line

1 could not chown/chmod tty device
3 could not open tty device
4 not a typewriter
5 vhangup failed
6 could not open tty (can't happen)
7 dup failed
8 could not exec login
9 read returned an unexpected error
10 unprintable character in login name
11 login name too long (>40)
13 user name started with a dash
23 received SIGQUIT

Felix von Leitner <>


2002-01-19 fgetty