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Bio::Graphics::Browser2::Markup(3pm) User Contributed Perl Documentation Bio::Graphics::Browser2::Markup(3pm)

Bio::Graphics::Browser2::Markup - Markup routines for sequences in text form

 $RCSfile:,v $
 $Author: lstein $
 $Date: 2008-09-09 20:53:36 $

 use Bio::Graphics::Browser2::Markup;
 my $string = join '','a'..'z','a'..'z','a'..'z';
 my $markup = Bio::Graphics::Browser2::Markup->new;
 $markup->add_style(exon     =>'Text-decoration: underline');
 $markup->add_style(variation=>'Font-weight: bold');
 $markup->add_style(italic=>'Font-style: oblique');
 $markup->add_style(yellow=>'BGCOLOR blue');
 $markup->add_style(green=>'BGCOLOR red');
 $markup->add_style(orange=>'BGCOLOR orange');
 $markup->add_style(mango=>'FGCOLOR red');
 print $string,"\n";

This module marks up a string with HTML cascading stylesheet styles in such a way that intersecting regions contain the union of the two intersecting styles. It also handles colors in such a way that intersecting colors are added up.

Create a new Markup object.

Add an annotation style.

$symbolic name is a unique identifier to be used for ornamenting the string.

$style is one of:

   - a CSS/2 stylesheet entry of form "style: value"
   - the word   "UPPERCASE"         (make uppercase)
   - the word   "LOWERCASE"         (make lowercase)
   - the phrase "FGCOLOR #RRGGBB"   (foreground color)
   - the phrase "FGCOLOR color-name"
   - the phrase "BGCOLOR #RRGGBB"   (background color)
   - the phrase "BGCOLOR color-name"
   - an HTML tag, indicated by a leading "E<lt>" character
   - anything else, will be inserted blindly

When calculating intersected regions, styles will be aggregated, upper and lowercasing will be performed directly on the data, colors will be additive, and HTML will be inserted blindly.

An invalid color name will cause this module to die. Valid color names can be obtained this way:

 perl -MBio::Graphics::Panel \
      -e 'print join "\n",sort Bio::Graphics::Panel->color_names'

$style = $annotator->style($symbolic_name)

Get the style corresponding to symbolic name, or undef if the name is unrecognized.

$style = $annotator->get_style($symbolic_name)

Get a list of CSS/2 styles corresponding to symbolic name. Will die if the name is not recognized or does not correspond to an entry of type "style".

Return true if the symbolic name is valid.

Mark up the string referenced by $sequence, according to the regions contained in $annotated_regions.

$sequence is a scalar ref, which will be modified in place (make a copy of it if you need to). $annotated_regions is a arrayref to the following list:

  ([symbolic_name,start,end], [symbolic_name,start,end], ....)

The result indicates whether the markup was successful.

IMPORTANT: Regions are numbered using space-oriented coordinates, which means that start=0 means to insert in front of the first base pair, and an end equal to the sequence length will insert after the last base pair:

  0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7     perl string coordinates
  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8     sequence coordinates
  g a t c g a t c     sequence
 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8    space coordinates
 To select first base:                    start=0, end=1
 To insert markup between bases 1 and 2:  start=1, end=1
 To select last base:                     start=7, end=8
 To select entire sequence:               start=0, end=8

This means that some munging of the sequence annotation must be performed, but it keeps the notation unambiguous.

@events = $annotator->_add_colors($style_tag,$regions)
$style_symbol = $annotator->_add_colors($style_tag,$regions)
$color = $annotator->_add_color($color1,$color2)
$color = $annotator->_subtract_color($color1,$color2)
$html_color = $annotator->_to_html_color($color)
@tag_positions = $annotator->_unify($region_definitions)
$style_fragment = $annotator->_to_style($symbols)
@tag_positions = $annotator->_linearize_html($region_definitions)
\@events = $annotator->_regions_to_events($regions)
turn a series of regions into a series of start and end events because of the problem of events that start/stop in the same place each event also gets a sequence that can be used to keep events matched in a nested way

Bio::Graphics::Panel, Bio::Graphics::Glyph, Bio::Graphics::Feature, Bio::Graphics::FeatureFile, Bio::Graphics::Browser, Bio::Graphics::Browser2::Plugin

Lincoln Stein <>.

Copyright (c) 2002 Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See DISCLAIMER.txt for disclaimers of warranty.

2022-09-30 perl v5.34.0